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"Prioritizing Adaptation Actions in Ghana using the Akuapim Approach" by Antwi-Boasiako Amoah


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Breakout Group C: presentation by Antwi-Boasiako Amoah

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"Prioritizing Adaptation Actions in Ghana using the Akuapim Approach" by Antwi-Boasiako Amoah

  1. 1. Prioritizing Adaptation Actions in Ghana using the Akuapim Approach ANTWI-BOASIAKO AMOAH ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY, GHANA
  2. 2. Context • Ghana has developed a national climate change adaptation strategy based on CC sectoral impacts studies • The strategy cuts across sectors • The preparation of the document involved experts with both field and analytical experience • Experts were tasked to develop sector specific adaptation plans (fisheries, land, root crops, cocoa, health and gender)
  3. 3. The Challenge • Each sector proposed at least between 3&10 adaptation activities • How do you then combine the individual sector activities into a coherent integrated plan? • There were complementary strengths and conflicts among the sector plans as well • For instance if an average of 7 activities were submitted by each sector, then you have a total of 49 activities • Discussing the possible interactions between each of the activities on a case-by-case basis would require a total of 49x(49-1)/2=1,176 discussions • This is even without the possible different impacts of other sector plans • This is prohibitive and so a method is required to simplify task • Hence the Akropong Approach
  4. 4. The Akropong Approach • From the discussions above, it was relevant representatives of these sectors meet to draw an integrated plan • The Akropong Approach (AA) mainly used as cross-sector impact analytical tool • The aim was to reduce the number of discussions by identifying the most beneficial activities • The approach was refined and formalized in a workshop in Akropong, Akuapim • The core features of the AA is given below;
  5. 5. Summarized Akropong Approach LFA for each sector Cross Impact Analysis (CIA) Sector Plans Multi-criteria Analysis (MCA) Preliminary List of Activities Cross-sector LFA Revised List of Activities Driving Forces & Processes Scenarios 1. Focus on assumptions &risks 2. Explore diff futures 3. Model expected behaviour of the system 1. Focus on potential conflicts or support b/n sectors 2. Multi-sector cross impact analysis 3. Discussions-not final 4. Clarify description of activities 5. Go through more than one to narrow down 1. Focus on potential conflict among activities & stakeholders 2. Can use ranking for selection 1. Focus on project planning 2. Use reduced list of activities CIA & MCA The main output of the LFAs are sector specific plans
  6. 6. Multi-criteria analysis (MCA) of priority actions 1.the resilience of the adaptation intervention 2.The sustainability of the intervention 3.The potential to have multiplier effects (co- benefits) as a result of the implementation of the intervention 4.The extent of replicability of the intervention 5.The feasibility of the whole intervention a. Technical feasibility b. Financial feasibility
  7. 7. The Logical Framework Analysis (LFA) • It is a technique for objective-based project planning. • Key features 1.Analysis of the project context 2.Stakeholder analysis 3.Problem/situational analysis 4.Objectives analysis 5.Plan of activities 6.Resource planning 7.Indicators or measurement of objectives 8.Risks analysis and risks management, etc.
  8. 8. LFA cont. • Stakeholders discuss relative importance of different criteria for judging possible activities • Criteria are assigned weight according to relative importance of criterion as well as degree of consensus • Activities are then scored and ranked • Subsequent to this approach, 10 prioritized adaptation actions were settled on in the national climate change adaptation strategy.
  9. 9. Downstream Actions Up-stream Actions Vulnerability, Impacts and Adaptation Assessments Climate Scenarios Development Climate vulnerable sectors Fisheries Land Use & Biodiversity Health Poverty Cocoa Prodcution Tuber Production Gender & Livelihoods Sector-wide vulnerabilities, impacts and adaptation options Mullti-sector impacts Analysis (Akropong Approach) Prioritization process National Adaptation Strategy Package of Adaptation Options Technical Drafting Stakeholder Consultation National Authorization Programmatic Approach to implementing NCCAS (thematic adaptation options) Identifying and enhancing early warning systems Alternative livelihoods for minimizing impacts on the poor and vulnerable Improved land use management Enhanced research and awareness creation Environmental sanitation strategies Management of water resources to enhance Productivity and Livelihoods Promote socio-economic development through agricultural diversification Improved Access To Health Care Energy Supply/ Demand Measures Sustainable livelihoods through enhanced fisheries resource managment National Climate Change Policy Framework Adaptation Component Ghana Shared Growth and Development Agenda Water Resources Cereal Production Coastal Resources