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Finding and managing engineering information

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  • 1. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Finding and managing engineering information Photos: R. Jupitz
  • 2. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Digital transition – an example Do you still know this? This is a 3-D model of an icon which is used in modern programs to indicate the possibility to save something as a file. 8-)
  • 3. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke A library in transition • Declining reference requests and loans of printed books • Increasing access rates to e-resources • Gate counts stay constant • More than 70% of media budget into digital resources • Reducing shelfs for printed books in the reading rooms • Improving learning and working spaces in the library • Developing new services, more DIY services (e.g. RFID)
  • 4. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Transition in the library Shadows of shelfs in reading and working areas within TUHH library
  • 5. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Information challenges for academic research • How to get full texts? – Availability in TUHH intranet via search engines – The library catalog as search engine • How to be more sure not to miss something essential? – Using subject-specific databases – „Playing“ with search terms • How to cope with information overload? – Using reference managent software like Citavi Curiosity! Doubt!
  • 6. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke • Ullmann's encyclopedia of industrial chemistry (6. ed., 2002, 40 vols.) Online in TUHH intranet (2014 ed.)! • Comprehensive renewable energy (2013, 8 vols) Online in TUHH intranet! • Handbook of loss prevention engineering (2013) Online in TUHH intranet! • Encyclopedia of tribology (2013) Online in TUHH intranet! • Encyclopedia of complexity and systems science (2009) Online in TUHH intranet! • Encyclopedia of optimization (2009) Online in TUHH intranet! • Wiley encyclopedia of computer science and engineering (2009) • Encyclopedia of nanoscience and society (2010, 2 vols.) Using encyclopedias and reference works for orientation!
  • 7. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Subject gateways U.S. National Center for Biotechnology Information http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov http://www.econbiz.de A printed source: Using the engineering literature / Bonnie A. Osif. 2. ed. 2012. Shelf number for reference copy: TEA-804 http://www.tib.uni-hannover.de/en.html https://getinfo.de/app?&lang=en
  • 8. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Orientation: Subject information Process engineering @TUBHH http://www.tub.tu-harburg.de/en/subject-information/process-and-chemical-engineering/
  • 9. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Dimensions of finding How? Adopted from: Sheila Corrall, John Dove: Web scale discovery and information literacy: competing visions or mutual support? LILAC 2012, Glasgow. http://de.slideshare.net/infolit_group/corrall-dove) Approved scholarly content What? Open web content Single search box Advanced search options Google Scholar Where? Local availability! Specialized databases with costs: Web of Science, Inspec, wti
  • 10. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke How to get full texts?
  • 11. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke How to get the full text of this article? Wen-Wei Li, Han-Qing Yu: Anaerobic Granule Technologies for Hydrogen Recovery from Wastes: The Way Forward. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology. Vol. 43, Iss. 12, 2013 Acess: Online within TUHH intranet from publisher‘s website How located? Easily via Google. Or: Search for article or journal „ Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology“ in TUBfind.
  • 12. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke How to get the full text of this article? R. Ladenstein, G. Antranikian: Proteins from hyperthermophiles: Stability and enzymatic catalysis close to the boiling point of water. Biotechnology of Extremophiles. 1998 S. 37 - 85. Access: Printed version in a book on the shelfs of the reading rooms at the TUHH library! How located?
  • 13. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke How to get the full text of this article? Sparrow, B.; Liu, J.; Wegner, D. M. (2011): Google Effects on Memory: Cognitive Consequences of Having Information at Our Fingertip. Science 333, 6043, 776- 778 2011. Access: Online in Internet as author copy How to get the full text in case the author would not have put the article online?
  • 14. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke How to get the full text of this article? Early Modern Information Overload, Daniel Rosenberg, Journal of the History of Ideas 64 (2003) 1, pp. 1-9 10.1353/jhi.2003.0017 Access: Full text from TUHH only available via interlibrary loan! How to do interlibrary loan? What does the character string at the end of the citation mean?
  • 15. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke How to get the full text of this article? A. Vanossi, J. Röder, A. R. Bishop, and V. Bortolani: Underdamped commensurate dynamics in a driven Frenkel-Kontorova–type model. Phys. Rev. E 67, 016605 (2003) Access not possible via publisher‘s website within TUHH intranet. Catalog links to fulltext via GetInfo at TIB Hannover!
  • 16. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke „On the shoulders of“ Google Scholar Ca. 1410 Quelle: http://lccn.loc.gov/50041709
  • 17. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Google Scholar - Settings
  • 18. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Google Scholar http://scholar.google.com Finding full texts
  • 19. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Finding full texts Google Scholar http://scholar.google.com
  • 20. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Via linking service to the catalog!
  • 21. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Via linking service to the catalog! Classical interface of the catalog!
  • 22. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke A further example Google Scholar http://scholar.google.com
  • 23. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Request for interlibrary loan!
  • 24. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Ordering interlibrary loan via GBV database
  • 25. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Request for copy! Ordering!
  • 26. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Interlibrary loan via library union network Interlibrary loan for material not owned by the TUHH library! Use the databases of the GBV Common Library Network to locate material! Fee 1,50 € for one article (copy) or book.
  • 27. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Full text via interlibrary loan! Ordering!
  • 28. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Request details already filled!
  • 29. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Function of Link Resolvers Cited source Link Resolver Source of full text Knowledge base with local holdings data Catalog data, maintenance through library Meta data (in OpenURL) URL of source, e.g. DOI (in OpenURL) Search in catalog, interlibrary loan database Meta data (in OpenURL)
  • 30. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke The TUHH Library Closed Stacks Readings rooms • Reference works and Encyclopedias • Journals • Subject groups • Textbook collection Digital Library • Online-Books • E-Journals • Databases Picture: D. Bieler The catalog – the heart of the library! Access to complete holdings!
  • 31. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke TUBfind The library catalog as search engine
  • 32. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke TUBfind – simply more! • Search engine to find TUHH library holdings and more • Including also journal articles • Also for searching within library website and library weblog • In addition finding resources of the GBV Common Library Network – to order via interlibrary loan • Search philosophy: Best hits, relevance ranking • Sorting according descending date possible • Filtering according format, language, author
  • 33. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Finding books, also online books!
  • 34. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Finding journal articles!
  • 35. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Finding most recent journal articles!
  • 36. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Looking for books http://www.ubka.uni-karlsruhe.de/kvk.html GVK - GBV Union Catalogue http://gso.gbv.de/DB=2.1/LNG=EN/ http://www.worldcat.org/ Local library catalog, e.g. from the TUHH library https://katalog.tub.tu-harburg.de/?mylang=en Regional Catalogue of Hamburg http://gso.gbv.de/DB=2.91/LNG=EN/ http://books.google.com http://beluga.sub.uni-hamburg.de
  • 37. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke How to be more sure not to miss something essential?
  • 38. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Beyond Google! FindING @ TUHH-Bibliothek First orientation Catalog Actual research information Specials Reference databases for journal articles: TEMA, Web of Science Civil engineering: RSWB, TEMA Electrical engineering: Inspec, TEMA, (IEEE) Mechanical engineering: TEMA, Web of Science Process engineering: Web of Science, TEMA Business sciences: TEMA, Business Source Premier, WISO Library website: http://www.tub.tu-harburg.de/en/ Subject groups in reading room Encyclopedias and other reference works Media - digital (TUHH intranet!) or printed (reading rooms, closed stacks) https://katalog.tub.tu-harburg.de/?mylang=en German DIN standards online! Patents: Esp@cenet, DEPATISnet Interlibrary loan and document delivery
  • 39. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Search for journal articles in subject-specific databases Web of Science with Science Citation Index - interdisciplinary! Who cited a specific document? How much is a document cited? INSPEC (Information Service in Physics, Electronics, Computer and Control) - interdisciplinary, because IT plays a considerable role in all areas of engineering today TEMA (Technology and Management), wti Frankfurt, formerly Fachinformationszentrum (FIZ) Technik (Access to these reference databases only in TUHH intranet)
  • 40. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Differences Seach engines Subject databases • Interdisciplinary sources • Widely intuitively to use • Full text often searchable • Rarely intellectual indexing • Abbrevating of search terms automatically („stemming“) • Search philosophy: Best hits, relevance ranking • Good for subject-specific searching • Sophisticated stragegies for searching possible • Full text not included in search index • Partially intellectual indexing with descriptors • Abbrevating search terms with wildcard symbol (often *) • Search philosophy: Exact hits, Boolean combination of search terms necessary Use diverse databases and search engines!
  • 41. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Play! With search terms! Make a search term diagram: Topic: Modeling optical properties of semiconductors Component 1 Component 2 Component 3 model? semicond? optic? simulat? halbleit? optik? Gallium Arsenide GaAs Component 1 AND Component 2 AND Component 3 where e.g. Component 2 = semicond? OR halbleit? OR GaAs OR...
  • 42. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Playing with search terms in TEMA www.bibliothek.uni-regensburg.de/dbinfo/
  • 43. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Play! With search terms! Make a search term diagram! Topic: Microbial degradation of aromatic compounds in soil Component 1 Component 2 Component 3 microbi? degrad? aromat? soil? biodegrad? polyaromat? clay? bioremed? Benzene compost? microbi? decompos? PAH sediment? Mikrobiol? abbau Naphthalin Boden? Böden Component 1 AND Component 2 AND Component 3 where e.g. Component 1 = (microbi? degrad?) OR biodegrad? OR bioremed? OR...
  • 44. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Playing with search terms in Web of Science www.bibliothek.uni-regensburg.de/dbinfo/
  • 45. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Play! With databases! Explore database features: • Boolean logic • Wildcard symbols: ? * $ • Neighborhood operators: Context and phrases • Search fields: Basic index, author field, descriptor fields
  • 46. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Database of databases: Subject overview www.bibliothek.uni-regensburg.de/dbinfo/ http://tinyurl.com/DBIS-TUHH (German interface only)
  • 47. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Full texts of  IEEE, IEE and IET journals  IEEE, IEE and IET conference proceedings  IEEE standards (a lot of ANSI standards are included!)  VDE Publisher Conference Proceedings http://ieeexplore.ieee.org (Available within TUHH intranet) IEEE/IEE Electronic Library
  • 48. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Articles databases: Diversity and outcome Database GVK-Plus (GBV) wti-TEMA, INSPEC, Web of Science Publishers‘ portals: IEEE, Wiley, SpringerLink Google Scholar, BASE Contents articles, books, and more Articles, (conference papers) articles, books, book chapters articles, books, files, and more Searchable contents bibliographical description bibliographical description, abstracts bibliographical description, abstracts, full text full text Contents from printed and electronic holdings of libraries diverse publishers only publisher, here e.g. Springer who knows? 8-) Access to full text directly, through library in print or ordering via interlibary loan through other databases or interlibrary loan directly, in case access is part of subscription directly, access maybe restricted
  • 49. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Patents for talents! About 60 % of the information in patents is not published elsewhere DEPATISnet - the German patent information system at http://depatisnet.dpma.de esp@cenet – European Patent Office http://ep.espacenet.com Search the fulltext of US patents via the US Patent and Trademark Office at http://www.uspto.gov/patft/ http://www.tub.tu-harburg.de/en/find/patents/
  • 50. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Searching for substance properties’ data  In reference works (CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook, Aldrich Catalog)  In extensive substance property collections („Handbooks“) (Landolt-Börnstein Numerical data and functional relationships in science and technology, Gmelin Handbook of Inorganic and Organometallic Chemistry, Beilstein Handbook of Organic Chemistry)  Via the net (e.g. NIST Chemistry WebBook at webbook.nist.gov/chemistry/ or the Physical Properties Sources Index (PPSI) at www.eqi.ethz.ch)
  • 51. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke How to reduce uncertainty to miss important information? • Using different databases. • Using subject-specific databases. • Reflecting on appropriate search terms. • Knowing how to logically combine search terms within a specific database interface. • Keeping treck of results through effective reference management. • …
  • 52. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke How to cope with information overload?
  • 53. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Reference management is no art! Matej Krén, Idiom, Town Library Prague (1998), Photo 2009 Today not searching or finding is the main problem, but coping with information overload!
  • 54. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Software for reference management http://www.tub.tu-harburg.de/en/publishing/reference-management/
  • 55. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Let’s Get Started! Citavi Step-by-Step Overview http://ftp.citavi.com/service/en/docs/Citavi_4_Slideshows.pdf The PDF contains short links to the step-by-step guides in the manual, e.g. ww.citavi.com/shows/14
  • 56. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Bibliographical formats to import TY - JOUR SN - 0926-9630 AU - Jauhiainen, A. AU - Pulkkinen, R. T1 - Problem-based learning JF - Studies in health SP - 572 EP - 576 VL - 146 PY - 2009 KW - Education KW - Nursing ER - RIS %0 Journal Article %@ 0926-9630 %A Jauhiainen, A. %A Pulkkinen, R. %T Problem-based learning %J Studies in health %P 572-576 %V 146 %D 2009 %K Education %K Nursing EndNote Tagged @article{Jauhiainen_Pulkkinen: 2009, author = {Jauhiainen, A. and Pulkkinen, R.}, year = {2009}, title = {Problem-based learning and e-learning methods in clinical practice}, keywords = {Education; Nursing}, pages = {572--576}, volume = {146}, issn = {0926-9630}, journal = {Studies in health} } BibTeX PMID- 19592907 PT - Journal Article IS - 0926-9630 (Print) AU - Jauhiainen A AU - Pulkkinen R TI - Problem-based learning JT - Studies in health PG - 572-6 VI - 146 DP - 2009 MH - Education MH - Nursing No Standard • .ris, .enw, and .bib files can be imported by double- clicking the file. • Other files in structured formats can be imported with special filters in Citavi.
  • 57. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Types of Citation Styles 57 In-Text Citations Author / Date (Doe, Smith 2009: 14) Reference number [34] Citation Key [DoS09:14] Footnotes Author / Date Doe, Smith 2009: 14 Full citation Jane Doe, Mia Smith: E-Learning. London 2009, p. 14
  • 58. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Insert your outline and knowledge items collected in Citavi in Word with a single click. Or: Add knowledge items or references individually. The Add-In for Word formats your citations according to the citation style you’ve selected. The bibliography is updated automatically. Writing with Word
  • 59. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Thinking about publishing
  • 60. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Journals’ Crisis Duration of publication process, problems in intellectual property => Open Access (OA) Authors want to publish more, readers want to read less. (Hans E. Roosendaal, University of Twente) http://engineering.library.cornell.edu/about/StickerShock http://engineering.library.cornell.edu/about/StickerShock2
  • 61. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Open Access (OA) • Free access to scholarly information • Worldwide availability without restrictions • Maximal circulation • TUB HH: http://www.tub.tu-harburg.de/en/publishing/openaccess/ • German portal: http://open-access.net • http://www.openaccessweek.org Challenges: • Quality of OA publications • Reputationsgewinn?! • Findability • Legal issues • Longtime archiving • Costs for authors and peer review
  • 62. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Two ways to OA • The golden way to OA: Publication in OA journals Directory of Open Access Journals – www.doaj.org • The green way to OA: Self-archiving of documents => “Institutional Repository” e.g. TUBdok as document server of the TUHH: http://doku.b.tu-harburg.de Normally allowed by publishers: http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/ Journal Policies - Self-Archiving Policy By Journal Publisher copyright policies & self-archiving
  • 63. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Nature Special on the future of publishing http://www.nature.com/news/specials/scipublishing/ Open Access Data curation Quality of Open Access publishers Alternatives to Peer Review: “Altmetrics” Impact-Factor and Hirsch- Index Creative Commens-Licences
  • 64. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Again a tip: Thinking anew about science! New Open Access publication: http://www.openingscience.org/get-the-book/
  • 65. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Further Info-Tips
  • 66. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Thinking about information! How to cite? What can I copy? Thinking about intellectual property! What is not included in Google? Danger of monopoly of information access? Costs of scholarly journals?
  • 67. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Most important skills when managing information ‣ Don‘t trust only one information source. ‣ Be prepared for constant change. ‣ Know your skills and limits! ‣ ‣ When searching: „Bullshit in, bullshit out“. ‣ Tolerate ambiguity and differences. ‣ ‣ Don‘t give up too early. ‣ Be aware that every fact is the result of an act, that information has been created by somebody with a certain purpose. According: T. Hapke: Informationskompetenz in einer neuen Informationskultur. In: Handbuch Informationskompetenz, S. 36-48. Ed. W. Sühl-Strohmenger. Berlin: De Gruyter Saur, 2012.
  • 68. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Want to know a little bit more?! Appendix I. The world of biotechnology information: seven points for reflecting on your information behavior (by T. Hapke) In: Buchholz, K., Kasche, V., Bornscheuer, U.T.: Biocatalysts and Enzyme Technology. 2. ed. Wiley-VCH, 2012, S. 553-564. Preprint available at: http://www.chemie.uni- greifswald.de/~biotech/assets/downloads/Information_BuchholzKascheBornscheuer.pdf
  • 69. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke News from TUHH library! Beispiele für Blog-Postings • International Open Access Week 2014 • Digital sustainability • ASME Journals licensed • Taking, reading, freeing: Bookcrossing at TUHH library • Scholarly research methods and writing with Citavi • New eBooks from … • Why does Google Scholar sometimes ask for your login or for your credit card? • Looking for data on chemicals: Chemspider • Privacy in the digital world • 1.000 publications in TUBdok! • Wikipedia – 10 years • Alternatives to Google … • … Weblog: www.tub.tu-harburg.de/blog RSS-Feed!
  • 70. November 2014 University Library, Thomas Hapke Contact Thomas Hapke • Web: http://www.tuhh.de/b/hapke/ • Blog: http://blog.hapke.de • Slidespace: http://www.slideshare.net/thapke • Tweets: http://twitter.com/thapke Informing – Points to survive at http://www.tub.tu-harburg.de/en/informing-points-to-survive/