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Information culture - different views on information literacy

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Information culture - different views on information literacy

  1. 1. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Information culture - different views on information literacy Thomas Hapke University Library, Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH) www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, June 2012 Information culture – Culture de l‘information
  2. 2. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg The problem of defining information literacy! www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, June 2012 Information culture – Culture de l‘information
  3. 3. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Until experienced in practice, concepts are often not easy to define! Think especially of concepts like Twitter or Facebook! www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, June 2012 Information culture – Culture de l‘information
  4. 4. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Put the three spheres of information literacy in order of importance! 1) Find / access/ locate 2) Evaluate / discern / judge 3) Use / communicate / produce ? 123 132 231 213 312 321 Idea: Geoff Walton, Mailing list lis-infoliteracy@jiscmail.ac.uk, April 20, 2012, see also his LILAC 2012 presentation at http://www.slideshare.net/infolit_group/walton-12685154 www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, June 2012 Information culture – Culture de l‘information
  5. 5. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg On the future of competences!? „In diesen Tagen darf sich niemand auf das versteifen, was er ‚kann‘. In der Improvisation liegt die Stärke. Alle entscheidenden Schläge werden mit der linken Hand geführt werden.“ „These are the days when no one should rely on his ‚competence‘. Strength lies in inspiration. All the decisive blows are struck left-handed.“ Walter Benjamin, Einbahnstraße, 1928. www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, June 2012 Information culture – Culture de l‘information
  6. 6. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Critical view on information literacy Classical view Critical view Emphasis on competences, standards for understanding process or system information use of information Concept of education, Bildung transfer of knowledge from the creating ability for reflection and knower to the learner critical awareness Concept of knowledge independent of knower result of a social process Concept of inf. process linear not linear, complex Emphasis on information how to find how to produce and share literacy View of the user customer, needy person patron, co-producer View of the library storehouse room for experiences View of the librarian teacher consultant for learning www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, June 2012 Information culture – Culture de l‘information
  7. 7. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Information literacy is one of many key competencies and literacies! Intercultural Media literacy competencies Visual literacy Decision-making and responsibility Academic literacy Writing competencies E-literacy Soft Computer skills literacy Didactical competencies www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, June 2012 Information culture – Culture de l‘information
  8. 8. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg critical view new literacy transliteracy Information literacy is a … !? multimodal literacy second-order literacy meta competence multi-literacy www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, June 2012 Information culture – Culture de l‘information
  9. 9. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Cultural view on information literacy! Thinking about the other, the difference! La culture de l'information Culture informationnelle (Olivier Le Deuff) In French „culture“ also means education or „Bildung“! www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, June 2012 Information culture – Culture de l‘information
  10. 10. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Information culture implies ... • to create and develop oneself • diversity (in contrast to Google‘s monoculture) • being different and viewing oneself different • importance of context and relations, e.g. with a disciplinary culture • a more phenomenological or ethnological view on information behaviour and information literacy • a not library-related view on information literacy www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, June 2012 Information culture – Culture de l‘information
  11. 11. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Key aspects of information culture include … Textuality Authenticity Knowledge Power Identity Memory www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, June 2012 Information culture – Culture de l‘information
  12. 12. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Distinctions Object Subject INFORMATION Material Form Stability Variability Presence Absence Data Knowledge Representation Interpretation Technology COMMUNICATION Culture www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, June 2012 Information culture – Culture de l‘information
  13. 13. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg „Wir sind doch nicht blöd“ (We are not stupid, however) Searching for a book by Clemens Knobloch in library catalogs! From http://log.netbib.de/archives/2010/08/25/wir-sind-doch-nicht-blod/ www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, June 2012 Information culture – Culture de l‘information
  14. 14. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Information literacy and discovery systems • Does the existence and use of discovery systems change information literacy? • Is the need for information literacy a function of the user interface? • How do indexing, data structure and links, cataloguing rules behind the user interface prevent optimal results when searching for information? • Which components of information literacy are actually not necessary to get the best search result? (See also the discussion at http://plan3t.info/2012/04/05/verbessern- discovery-systeme-die-informationskompetenz/) www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, June 2012 Information culture – Culture de l‘information
  15. 15. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg The searchability of information depends on choices made by authors, publishers, database providers, users and others (Adapted from Falciola, 2009) www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, June 2012 Information culture – Culture de l‘information
  16. 16. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg The social construction Specific user and users of search results • information behaviour Contents or documents in e.g. used search terms the system • information literacy • indexed content: bibliogr. • former searches of Results in a description, abstracts, full text specific user and of specific • „enriched“ data other users search system • controlled vocabulary included System‘s „properties“ • user interface • indexing (Boole, best match) Other impacts • structure of data • advertising economics of provider • transfer of data to search system • ...!? • used cataloguing guidelines and its institutional or personal interpretation www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, June 2012 Information culture – Culture de l‘information
  17. 17. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Prerequisites to develop information literacy!? • Curiosity • Skill to play and to explore • Having the time for it • Critical attitude • ...? www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, June 2012 Information culture – Culture de l‘information
  18. 18. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg What is the core of information literacy? What is the real, the characteristic, the „Eigentliche“ of information literacy? www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, June 2012 Information culture – Culture de l‘information
  19. 19. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Proposals for the core of information literacy/culture • Don‘t trust only one information source. • Be prepared for constant change. • Know your skills and limits! • When searching: „Bullshit in, bullshit out“. • Tolerate ambiguity and differences. • Don‘t give up too early. • Be aware that every fact is the result of an act, that information has been created by somebody with a certain purpose. www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, June 2012 Information culture – Culture de l‘information
  20. 20. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg An example for information literacy content written for a special „disciplinary culture“ Hapke, T.: Appendix I. The world of biotechnology information: seven points for reflecting on your information behavior. In: Buchholz, K., Kasche, V., Bornscheuer, U.T.: Biocatalysts and Enzyme Technology. 2. ed. Wiley-VCH, October 2012. Preprint available at: http://www.chemie.uni- greifswald.de/~biotech/assets/downloads/Info rmation_BuchholzKascheBornscheuer.pdf www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, June 2012 Information culture – Culture de l‘information
  21. 21. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Information literacy/culture and creativity How can information systems increase individual creativity? www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, June 2012 Information culture – Culture de l‘information
  22. 22. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Further reading Hapke, T.: Informationskompetenz in einer neuen Informationskultur. In: Handbuch Informationskompetenz, pp. 36-48. Ed. W. Sühl-Strohmenger. Berlin: de Gruyter Saur, 2012. http://www.degruyter.com/view/product/129277 Falciola, L, Searching biotechnology information: A case study. World patent information 2009, 31, 1, 36-47 Le Deuff, O.: Culture de l’Information. Espace d’Olivier Le Deuff. http://www.culturedel.info/ Lloyd, A.: Information literacy landscapes : information literacy in education, workplace and everyday contexts. Oxford: Chandos, 2010. Tredinnick, L.: Digital information contexts : theoretical approaches to understanding digital information. Oxford: Chandos Publ., 2006. Tredinnick, L.: Digital information culture : the individual and society in the digital age. Oxford: Chandos Publ., 2008. www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, June 2012 Information culture – Culture de l‘information
  23. 23. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Thanks! Thomas Hapke Web: http://www.tub.tu-harburg.de/192.html Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/thhapke Blog: http://blog.hapke.de Netvibes: http://www.netvibes.com/thapke Links: http://del.icio.us/thapke Slidespace: http://www.slideshare.net/thapke Tweets: http://twitter.com/thapke me! www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, June 2012 Information culture – Culture de l‘information

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