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In Text Citation How To In Text Citation How To Presentation Transcript

  • In Text How To MLA Style
  • Signal Phrases
    • Using a signal phrase    To introduce cited material consisting of a short quotation, paraphrase, or summary, use either a signal phrase set off by a comma or a signal verb with a that clause, as in the following examples.
  • Previewing Sentence
    • Using a previewing sentence and a parenthetical citation   To introduce and identify the source of a long quotation (one comprising more than four lines in your essay or research paper), use a previewing sentence that ends in a colon. By briefly announcing the content of an extended quotation, a previewing sentence tells readers what to look for in the quotation. Indent the block quotation ten spaces (or two paragraph indents) from the left margin. At the end of the block quotation, cite the source in parentheses after the final punctuation mark.
      • That the heroic and historically important deeds of previously unknown women should be included in history books is evident from the following notice:
      • Event: April 26, 1777, Sybil Ludington. On the night of April 26, 1777, Sybil Ludington, age 16, rode through towns in New York and Connecticut to warn that th
  • Citation of the Oddity
    • Text reference to a source with divisions may appear in the text along with the author's name or be placed in parentheses after a quotation, paraphrase, or summary.
      • As TyAnna Herrington notes in her Introduction, "Nicholas Negroponte's Being Digital provides another welcome not only into an age of technological ubiquity, but into a way of 'being' with technology."
      • "Negroponte's uncomplicated, personal tone fools the reader into a sense that his theses are simplistic" (Herrington "Introduction").
  • Rule to Live By
    • For writers creating in-text citations and Works Cited lists, the MLA Handbook provides the following general recommendations:
    • Download or print any online material you plan to use, in case it becomes inaccessible online later.
    • Don't introduce a hyphen at the break of a URL between two lines.
    • If you must divide a URL between two lines, break it only after a slash.
  • Two Author - In Text
    • 1. Make a direct quotation from the following sentence:
    • "Content development is the hardest, most time consuming part of any website development project" (Patrick J. Lynch and Sarah Horton, Web style guide: basic design principles for creating web sites , 3).
  • Possible Answer
    • According to Patrick Lynch and Sarah Horton, "Content development is the hardest, most time consuming part of any website development project" (3).
    • "Content development is the hardest, most time consuming part of any website development project" (Horton & Lynch 3).
  • Paraphrase In Text
    • Paraphrase the following passage: "Sun's user interface expert Jakob Nielsen estimates that his redesign of Sun's intranet user interface may save each employee as much as 5 minutes a week through consistent company wide application of design and navigation interface standards. The aggregate savings in Sun employee time may amount to as much as ten million dollars a year, thus improving productivity and increasing the efficiency with which employees use the companies intranet sites " (Patrick J. Lynch and Sarah Horton, Web style guide: basic design principles for creating web sites , 51-52).
  • Possible Answer
    • According to Jakob Nielson, a more consistent, standard design and intuitive interface for Sun's intranet system could save nearly ten million dollars a year by making employees more efficient (Lynch and Horton 51-52).
  • Multiple Author Citation In Text
    • 3. Make a mixed quotation from the following passage: "People who disregard technological mega leaps are likely to end up feeling out of touch. Worse, once a person falls behind in the endless race to know and understand new technology, it takes tremendous determination and stamina to catch up (Willem Velthoven, Liesbeth den Boer, and Geert-Jan Strengthold, Website Graphics--the best of Global Design , intro). *note, for multiple authors, refer to them as Velthoven et al . "Et al" is Latin for "and others."
  • Possible Answer
    • Velthoven et al claim that people who fail to keep pace with new technologies will not only be "out of touch" with society, they will also have to exert "tremendous determination and stamina to catch up."
  • Direct Quotation In Text
    • 4. Make a direct quotation from the following sentence: "Our life is frittered away by detail" (Henry David Thoreau).
  • Possible Answers
    • Thoreau says, "Our life is frittered away by detail."
    • "Our life is frittered away by detail," says Thoreau.
  • Paraphrase In Text
    • 5. Paraphrase the following passage: "Many highly regarded web sites only fill 2 of the 3 basic requirements of good design. Namely, well-written content, an intuitive interface, and an appealing yet consistent design theme. All too often, sites are produced with well-written text but poor illustrations or vice versa" (Steve Bain and Daniel Gray. Looking Good online: the ultimate resource for creating effective web designs. Ventana Communications Group, Inc, NC, 1996, p.99).
  • Possible Answer
    • Steve Bain and Daniel Gray say that a good website has engaging content, friendly interface, and consistent, pleasing design. But even many high profile, popular sites fail to meet all three of these criteria. Usually they either have good content and poor design, or good design and poor content (99).
  • Mixed Citation In Text
    • 6. Make a mixed quotation from the following passage: "If Laura Lemay [an HTML guru] were to assemble a web site's dream team, she would first narrow the search down to four types of people: a writer with a journalism background, a programmer, a designer, and a 'curious person' . . . 'Doing something flashy and cool is less important than writing good content,' she said." ( WebWeek ).
  • Possible Answer
    • Laura Lemay, HTML and web expert, says that the ultimate web design team would consist of four main people: a designer, a programmer, a writer, and a "curious person." These last two are especially needed because a good website involves more than "doing something flashy," she says. It also consists of "writing good content" ( WebWeek ).
  • Work Cited page Rules
    • ABC order by the first item in the first line.
    • Second line is indented: Hanging Indent
  • World Wide Web site
    • When you document sources from the World Wide Web , the MLA suggests that your Works Cited entries contain as many items from the following list as are relevant and available:
    • Name of the author, editor, compiler, or translator (if available and relevant), alphabetized by last name and followed by any appropriate abbreviations, such as ed.
    • Title of a poem, short story, article, or other short work within a scholarly project, database, or periodical, in quotation marks
    • Title of a book, in italics or underlined
    • Name of the editor, compiler, or translator of a book (if applicable and if not cited earlier), preceded by any appropriate abbreviation, such as ed.
    • Publication information for any print version
    • Title of the scholarly project, database, periodical, or professional or personal site (in italics or underlined), or, for a professional or personal site with no title, a description such as home page
    • Name of the editor of a scholarly project or database (if known)
    • Version number (if not part of the title) or, for a journal, the volume, issue, or other identifying number
    • Date of electronic publication or posting or latest update, whichever is most recent (if known)
    • Name of any institution or organization sponsoring or associated with the Web site
    • Date you accessed the source
    • URL (in angle brackets)
  • Quiz
    • Turn to the last page of the notes and take the quiz.
    • Tear off the last page.
    • Hand it in to Mrs. Neely