The Industrial Taylor Meyer Honors World History Period 5 November 9, 2011
The Industrial A periodwhere major Revolution changes in During agriculture, the 18th manufacturin and 19th g, mining, century.transportation , and It began in technology Britain and had an effect spread to on the social, Europe, North cultural, and America, Japan economic and eventually conditions of the world.
People moved Migration Urbanizati on: The from farms to cities because physical the use of growth offactories made urban them loose areas as a their jobs. global Cottage change. There was a Industry: An migration of industry people from where the rural to urban production during the was based Industrial from homes Revolution. instead of factories.
The Agricultural RevolutionAgricultural Revolution helped the Crop Industrial Rotation: Revolution the because practice people of migrated growing a from farms series ofto cities and crops in it freed one area.people from agricultural labor.
Textiles The ﬁrst Industrial commodity was cotton. Textiles: ﬂexible woven material. The cotton gin, invented by Eli Whitney, helped the textile industry boom.
Steam Engine The steam engine was invented in 1712 by Thomas Newcomen. James Watt improved it!The steam engine is importantbecause it is used for mechanical work.
Bessemer Process The ﬁrst industrial process for It was mass- important production because itof steel from decreased molten pig the cost of iron. steel Henry manufactu Bessemer ring. came up with it.
Pasteurization Louis Pasteur was a French chemist and microbiologi st. He invented pasteurization. It reduces the number of pathogens to help prevent disease.
He inventedThomas Edison the He hadphonograp 1,093 h, the patents. camera, and the “I have notlight bulb. failed. I’ve just found 10,000 ways that won’t work.” -Thomas Edison
Romanticism An artistic and intellectual time period where that gained strength in effect of the Industrial People were strongly Revolution.involved in visual arts, music and literature. Edgar Allan Poe and Nathaniel Hawthorne were authors of this time.