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Lok Sabha Elections 2014:Training for Flying squads & Static Survailance Teams
Lok Sabha Elections 2014:Training for Flying squads & Static Survailance Teams
Lok Sabha Elections 2014:Training for Flying squads & Static Survailance Teams
Lok Sabha Elections 2014:Training for Flying squads & Static Survailance Teams
Lok Sabha Elections 2014:Training for Flying squads & Static Survailance Teams
Lok Sabha Elections 2014:Training for Flying squads & Static Survailance Teams
Lok Sabha Elections 2014:Training for Flying squads & Static Survailance Teams
Lok Sabha Elections 2014:Training for Flying squads & Static Survailance Teams
Lok Sabha Elections 2014:Training for Flying squads & Static Survailance Teams
Lok Sabha Elections 2014:Training for Flying squads & Static Survailance Teams
Lok Sabha Elections 2014:Training for Flying squads & Static Survailance Teams
Lok Sabha Elections 2014:Training for Flying squads & Static Survailance Teams
Lok Sabha Elections 2014:Training for Flying squads & Static Survailance Teams
Lok Sabha Elections 2014:Training for Flying squads & Static Survailance Teams
Lok Sabha Elections 2014:Training for Flying squads & Static Survailance Teams
Lok Sabha Elections 2014:Training for Flying squads & Static Survailance Teams
Lok Sabha Elections 2014:Training for Flying squads & Static Survailance Teams
Lok Sabha Elections 2014:Training for Flying squads & Static Survailance Teams
Lok Sabha Elections 2014:Training for Flying squads & Static Survailance Teams
Lok Sabha Elections 2014:Training for Flying squads & Static Survailance Teams
Lok Sabha Elections 2014:Training for Flying squads & Static Survailance Teams
Lok Sabha Elections 2014:Training for Flying squads & Static Survailance Teams
Lok Sabha Elections 2014:Training for Flying squads & Static Survailance Teams
Lok Sabha Elections 2014:Training for Flying squads & Static Survailance Teams
Lok Sabha Elections 2014:Training for Flying squads & Static Survailance Teams
Lok Sabha Elections 2014:Training for Flying squads & Static Survailance Teams
Lok Sabha Elections 2014:Training for Flying squads & Static Survailance Teams
Lok Sabha Elections 2014:Training for Flying squads & Static Survailance Teams
Lok Sabha Elections 2014:Training for Flying squads & Static Survailance Teams
Lok Sabha Elections 2014:Training for Flying squads & Static Survailance Teams
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Lok Sabha Elections 2014:Training for Flying squads & Static Survailance Teams

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Lok Sabha Elections 2014:Training for Flying squads & Static Survailance Teams

Lok Sabha Elections 2014:Training for Flying squads & Static Survailance Teams

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  • 1. Training for Flying Squads & Static Surveillance Teams Bellary Loksabha Elections 2014 By DEO & DC, BELLARY 2014.
  • 2. Terminology • AC= Assembly Constituency • ERO= Electoral Registration Officer, normally the Assistant Commissioner. • AERO= Assistant Electoral Registration Officer, normally the Tahsildar • EVM = Electronic Voting Machine • MCC = Model Code of Conduct • BLO = Booth Level Officers • CPMF = Central Para-Military Force • CBM = Confidence Building Measures • DEO= District Election Officer, normally the Deputy Commissioner • CEO= Chief Electoral Officer • AEO= Assistant Expenditure Observer • MCMC= Media Certification & Monitoring Committee • SST= Static Surveillance Team • VVT= Video Viewing Team • AT= Accounting Team • FS= Flying Squad • ESCon/ESCan= Expenditure Sensitive Constituency / Candidate • ESPoc= Expenditure Sensitive Pocket
  • 3. CONTENTS of PRESENTATION 1. Election Related Laws, Rules & Guidelines 2. Schedule Of Elections 3. Model Code of Conduct 4. Other Laws to ensure free, fair & peaceful elections 5. MCC & Expenditure Monitoring 6. Security Law & Order 7. Conclusions
  • 4. 1. Election & Related Laws, Rules & Guidelines • A. Representation of People’s Act, 1950 & 1951 • B. Registration of Electors Rules, 1961 • C. Conduct of Election Rules, 1961 • D. Indian Penal Code • E. ECI’s Compendium of Instructions • F. Expenditure Monitoring Compendium • G. Key Reading Materials: RO Handbook, PRO Handbook, Guidelines To Candidates • H. SVEEP Compendium
  • 5. 1. Election & Related Laws, Rules & Guidelines : A. Representation of People’s Act • RP Act 1950 – Provides for allocation of seats and delimitation of constituencies for election to the Parliament, Assemblies and Councils, for the qualifications for elections and preparation of electoral rolls – In 5 Parts, 32 Sections – Key Sections • S13CC – Election related officers deemed to be on deputation to ECI • S 16 to 23 – Preparation of Electoral Roll • S 31 – Making False Declaration • S 32 – Breach of Official Duty in preparation of rolls • RP Act 1951 – Provides for conduct of elections, qualifications & disqualifications, action on corrupt practices and disputes related thereto – In 11 Parts, 171 Sections – Key Sections • S 123 – Corrupt Practices • S 125 to 136 – Electoral Offences
  • 6. 1. Election & Related Laws, Rules & Guidelines: B. Corrupt Practices & Electoral offences in the RP Act 1951 & IPC • RP Act 1951 – S 123 – Corrupt Practices • Bribery or Inducement to a person to contest or not and to vote or not in an election by candidate or agent any person with consent of candidate or agent • Undue influence to exercise or not to, an electoral right • Appeal to vote or not to, on basis of religion, race, caste, community or language or on basis of symbols thereof • Promotion of feelings of enemity or hatred between citizens or classes of citizens on grounds of caste, community, religion etc • Publication of false statements on personal character or conduct of any candidate or to prejudice the decision on disqualification • Hiring or procuring of vehicle to transport any elector to and from polling station • Incurring of expenditure not authorised U/S 77 • Procuring assistance of Government officials • Booth Capturing – S 125 – Promoting enemity – S 126 – Public meetings prohibited 48 hrs before conclusion of poll – S 127 – Disturbance or incitement at election meeting – S 127A – Pamphlets, posters etc to be printed only with declaration of identity of printer – S 128 – Secrecy of voting – S 129 – Officials not to assist or influence elections – S 130 – Prohibition of canvassing near polling station – S 131 - Prohibition on disorderly conduct near polling station – S 132 – Misconduct at Polling Station
  • 7. 1. Election & Related Laws, Rules & Guidelines: C. Corrupt Practices & Electoral offences in the RP Act 1951 & IPC • RP Act 1951 contd… – S 133 – Hiring of vehicle for transporting voters – S 134 – Breach of official duty in connection with elections – S 134 B – Bar on going to PS armed – S 135 – Removal of ballot paper/ EVM from PS – S 135A – Offence of booth capturing – S 135C – Distribution or sale of liquor barred upto 48 hrs before conclusion of polling – S 136 – Other offences like destruction of nomination paper, defacement of any notice of RO, destruction of ballot paper or EVM, etc • IPC – S153A – Promoting enmity between groups on grounds of religion etc – S171B to I – Penalties for electoral offences & corrupt practices – S505 – Statements causing public mischief, promoting enmity
  • 8. 1. Election & Related Laws, Rules & Guidelines: D. SVEEP(Systematic Voter Education & Electoral Participation) Guidelines • Objectives – Voter Awareness – Improved Registration – Improved Turn-out – Ethical Voting • Methods – Strategy According to Gaps – Stock Strategies • Voters’ Day 25th Jan • Voter Helplines • Voter Facilitation Booths • EVM Awareness • Improved Facilities at Polling Stations (Shade / Ramp / Toilets / Water) • IEC: Posters, Banners, Flex, Hoardings, Public Announcements, Street Plays, Cable TV, Institutional Participation, Competitions, Oath Taking – New: Model Polling Station Whats New
  • 9. 1. Election & Related Laws, Rules & Guidelines: E. Expenditure Monitoring Guidelines • Types – Allowed (Limit Rs. 70 Lakhs) : • Structure of Expenditure Monitoring – Expenditure Observers & District Level MCC Team • Expenditure Monitoring Cell – Nodal Officer : CAO, ZP & District Expenditure Team • Assistant Expenditure Observers – Accounting Team • Complaint Cell • AC Level Static Surveillance Team + Video Viewing Team – Check Posts with Videographers – Flying Squads With Executive Magistrates , Police and Videographers – ESCan Follow Party with Police & Videographers – ESPoc CCTV Surveillance – Hobli Level Mobile Squads With Videographers » GP Level MCC & Intelligence Gathering Team With Video » Village & Ward Level Awareness & Intelligence Gathering Team • MCMC • Excise Nodal Officer • IT Nodal Officer Whats New
  • 10. 3. Model Code of Conduct : General • General Conduct – Avoid aggravating divisive feelings – No personal criticism – No appeal to caste/community/religion – No corrupt practices – No intimidation or disturbance of peace – No using places of worship for any election propaganda • Meetings & Processions – Prior police permission for meeting, procession & loudspeakers – No violation of restrictive orders – Maintain peace – No effigies • Poll Day – No inducements, propaganda, intimidation – No unauthorised entry into poll booth – Not take law into hands, complain to observors • Party in Power – Not combine official visit with electioneering – Not use government vehicles for campaign – Not monopolize public places and Government Rest Houses – Not advertize at the cost of govt – No new scheme announcement, inaugurations, appointments, promises
  • 11. 3. Model Code of Conduct : Preventive Measures • Preventive Orders: – Ban on Processions with more than 300 persons – Ban on Bike Rallies – Ban on bursting crackers & Victory Processions • Rounding up of known criminals & goonda elements by police • Bonds to maintain peace from known trouble makers u/s 107 CrPC • Bonds from suspicious characters u/s 109 CrPC • Review by SP of all pending cases u/s 353 IPC • Action on Goonda Act • Ban on Firearms • Liquor Ban • No Campaign & Export of Non-Electors of Political Parties
  • 12. 3. Model Code of Conduct : Specific Measures – All campaigners who are not voters in the constituency and not Candidates should be removed in the period of 48 hrs before end of poll. All campaigners who are voters but not Candidates and have State Security should be monitored and should not be allowed to go from booth to booth during polling. They may visit their respective booth for voting purposes only - Police Authorities will enforce no campaign period along with concerned Static Surveillance Team, Flying Squads and Hobli Level MCC Teams – During campaign period • No posters, flags, buntings, cutouts, flex banners, wall writings or markings, will be allowed in any public place except at place of public/ campaign meeting with prior permission of ARO and after payment of fees as charged by the Local concerned and for only 2 hrs before and after the meeting. • No vehicles other than those with permit from RO having Hologram will be allowed to display any campaign material. • No mike should be fitted to any vehicle whatsoever without RTA Permission • Public & Political Meetings shall not be allowed in any Polling Station premises, Counting hall premises, Government Office premises. • Any public venues for Public Meetings, Campaign Meetings will be charged for by the owner department / authority and reported to the RO concerned and Police Authorities concerned for issue of permits. • Mike permits for meetings may be given only between 6 am and 10 pm. No mike should be permitted to be used within 100 mtrs of a hospital, school or college or place of worship.
  • 13. 3. MCC – Complaint Monitoring System • District Level : CEO ZP is Complaint Monitoring Officer • AC level : ARO is MCC Leader, Video Viewing Team Leader and Complaint Monitoring Officer assisted by the Election Grievance Cell • AC Level Flying Squad and Static Surveillance Team • Local level MCC Team: For Gathering Intelligence and Informing People about Ethical Voting – Rural at Hobli level–DT and RI – GP Level: PDO, VA, Bill Collector, Gram Sahayak, Anganwadi Worker, Asha Worker – Urban – Chief Officer/Commissioner, Town Crime PSI and Kasba RI • Complaints can be received at any of these levels orally, in writing, by phone or e-mail. Complaint will be investigated by Local team if of routine nature and by CEO or ARO depending on seriousness and reported in the format given within one day. • Besides, MCC team will regularly conduct area inspections to prevent and regulate defacement of places open to public view. • On serious complaints, videography will be done through ARO • Complaints when found true along with action taken will be intimated to the press through immediate press note. ADC will be Press Spokesperson • Daily report of complaint will be sent in proforma given • All candidates with links to mining and land mafia will be shadowed by team of police and videographer 24*7
  • 14. 3. MCC – Structure & Functions • 1. District Level Expenditure & MCC Monitoring, MCMC • 2. AC Level Static Surveillance – Functions: 24*7 Coordination, Monitoring & Reporting of Check Posts • 3. AC LEVEL DEDICATED FLYING SQUAD & MCC Monitoring – Functions: 24*7 Patrolling, Rapid Response to MCC Complaints, Prevention of MCC Violations, Corrupt Practices and Electoral Offences, Search & Seizure, Videography, Monitoring & Reporting On Check Posts, Day end Report Compilation, Enquiry & Case Booking, Search & Seizure, IEC on Ethical Voting • 4. HOBLI & WARD LEVEL MCC and Video Surveillance TEAM – Functions: 24*7 Patrolling, Rapid Response to MCC Complaints, Videography, Prevention of MCC Violations, Corrupt Practices and Electoral Offences, Day end Report Compilation from GP Level Teams, Enquiry & Reporting to AC Level Static Surveillance Team & District Level Team • 5. GP LEVEL MCC TEAM – Functions: 24*7 Patrolling, Rapid Response to MCC Complaints, Prevention of MCC Violations, Corrupt Practices and Electoral Offences, Videography with GP Video, Day end Report Compilation from Ward & Village Level Teams, Enquiry & Reporting to Hobli Level MCC Team & AC Level MCC Team, Gathering Actionable Intelligence • 6. Ward Level & Village Level Awareness Teams – Functions: Targetted Intelligence Gathering, IEC on Ethical Voting, Assistance to BLO • 7. MCMC, Video Viewing, Media Monitoring, Control Room Cum Voter Helpline: District Level & Taluka Level with 24*7 Telephone Operator and Police Wireless (Publicity to be given for Telephone Numbers & Mobile Numbers), Social Media Scanner, Media Scanner, Video Viewer
  • 15. 3. MCC – District Level Special Wings • Liquor & Hotels – DC Excise: • Control of liquor transport • Check Posts • Imposition of Dry Days • Illegal Liquor Distillation & Checking of Distillaries • Monitoring of Liquor Flow to Wholesalers & Retailers • Prevent Drinking in Sale Counters • Conspicuous Consumption & Propaganda, Corrupt Practices, MCC – DC Commercial Tax • Conspicuous or bulk purchase of Mobiles / Consumer Durables / Gift Vouchers with special reference to Sarees, Clocks, Watches, Ceiling & Table Fans, TV, DVD Player, Vehicles – Jt Director Industries & Environment Officer Pollution Control Board • Check on all Printing Presses & Printers for orders placed on propaganda material • Checking all Industrial Godowns and Sheds and Garages for Stocking of Consumer Goods – Distt Officer Weights & Measures, Food Safety Officer & Food Inspectors • Checking & Reporting on all Courier Companies and Postal Money Orders • Checking of all APMC and Janata Bazaar Godowns For Illegal Storage or Stocking • Checking of Public Feeding & Public Drinking Water Provision Whats New
  • 16. 3. MCC – District Level Special Wings – Lead Bank Manager • Ensuring protocol for large cash transfers (Rs. 1 Lakh and above for SB Accounts and Rs. 10000 and above for ATM) are reported to SP & DC in advance • Getting banks to give basic information on Bank Accounts of Final List of Candidates • Reporting any request for large cash withdrawals or repeated cash withdrawals beyond the banking norms • Advance report to DC & SP of all cash movements by banks and all ATM Counters • Monitoring of Bank Accounts of former Candidates – RTO • Seizure of all Govt vehicles allotted to elected / nominated members • Provision of Private Vehicles for Election Duty • Monitoring list of Private Taxies and obtaining the list of such taxies rented out during campaign & election days • Verifying lists of campaign vehicles with respect to ownership • Giving List of Vehicles owned by Candidates and Election Agents • Checking vehicles with outside registration • Removing all advertising on Autos, Private Buses, Magic and Ape vehicles • Removing dark glass on all vehicles Whats New
  • 17. 3. MCC – District Level Special Wings • Misuse of Government Infrastructure – DSWO, DTWO & DOBCM : • Check all Hostels for any campaigning / hoarding. Warn all staff against campaigning for any candidate or from attending any political meeting • Ensure Hostels reserved for use by CPMF and DAR are vacated – DDWCD: • Check all Anganwadis for any campaigning / hoarding. Warn all staff specially Anganwadi helpers & workers against campaigning for any candidate or attending any political meeting during duty hours. • Organise Anganwadi Workers, Supervisors and Helpers for MCC Monitoring, Intelligence Gathering and Distribution of Voter Slips & Voter Education Material – DDPI: • Check all Schools for any campaigning / hoarding. Warn all staff against campaigning for any candidate or from attending any political meeting. • Warn aided school staff and management from carrying out any political propaganda • Check all School Buildings used as Polling Station to ensure furniture is provided – AC Muzrai : • Check all Muzrai & Wakf institutions thoroughly for any political meeting, campaign, hoarding, propaganda • Warn all Muzrai & Wakf Institutions and against allowing their premises for poll propaganda or any poll related activity • All religious heads of all communities to be informed about the Religious Institutions Prevention of Misuse Act, 1988 Whats New
  • 18. 4. Other Measures to Ensure Free, Fair, Orderly & Peaceful Polls: Prevention of Disfigurement • Prevention of Defacement of Public Places and Private Places open to public view by flags, banner, poster, buntings, pamphlet pasting, wall-writing is barred except as provided for by local laws • Display of banners, posters, buntings, flags, loudspeakers etc on vehicles without permit of RO is barred. • The Karnataka Open Places (Prevention of Disfigurement) Act 1981 provides the following: – Unauthorised disfigurement by advertisement (which includes any printed, cyclostyled, typed, written notice, document, paper or any picture or visual representation) in place open to public view will lead to punishment of imprisonment of upto 6 months • Directions have been issued to all Local Bodies not to permit any political advertisements under this Act except for political meeting places only during campaign period. • All ULBs & GPs will whitewash any wall writings on private & public walls made for election campaign Whats New
  • 19. 4. Other Measures to Ensure Free, Fair, Orderly & Peaceful Polls: • Crime Management – Preparation of list of past/ habitual electoral offenders by SP & hand over to RO & DEO – Updation of history sheeters and declared fugitives by SP and hand over of list to DEO & RO – Serving of all pending NBWs in all Police Station limits and all Constituency wise unserved warrants to be reported to DEO fortnightly – Special drive to investigate & prosecute all pending electoral offence cases and report progress fortnightly to DEO & RO – Collect copies of Voter IDs of all Rowdy Sheeters – Exchange Rowdy Lists & Photos With border districts • Liquor Control – Special drive to unearth illicit liquor factories and unauthorised entry of liquor into the district by DCE and weekly report to DEO & RO – Monitoring of unusual off takes of liquor from KSBCL depot by DEO – Ensuring Licenses CL2, CL4, CL7 & CL9 are renewed and are in character and all licensed bars, hotels and clubs & shops adhere to timings – Dry Day notification 48 before close of poll and on counting day. • Arms Control – Prohibition of carrying of licensed arms u/s 144 CrPC – Ban on issue of fresh licenses – Special drive by SP to unearth unlicensed arms – Directions to SP to obtain deposit of licensed arms – Checking of borders and district entry points Whats New
  • 20. 4. Other Measures to Ensure Free, Fair, Orderly & Peaceful Polls: Contd…. • Prevention of Entry of Goonda Elements, Stockpiling of Liquor, Arms or Propaganda Materials – All Government Hostels to be placed under lock and monitored daily by concerned warden for untoward activities. Private hostels to be checked weekly and intensively just before elections to prevent untoward activities – All Anganwadi buildings to be closed at 4 pm and not to be used by Stri Shakti groups till elections are completed – APMC Secretaries to regularly check APMC godowns for any untoward activities or stock piling and give bi-weekly reports. – All Hotels to report the daily inflow and outflow of outsiders from first day of nominations – GP Secretaries & ULB officials to take control of all Sabha Bhavans and Community Halls constructed under MPLADs and KLADs and no electioneering activity, stock piling or shelter to suspicious elements should be allowed in these structures – Autonomous Government Institutions like VIMS and Universities not to allow any political propaganda in their premises • Preventing Misuse of Places of Worship – Wakf Officer & AC HRA to visit and check all places of worship to prevent their misuse for election purposes – All religious and cultural events or function organizers will take permission of RO Whats New
  • 21. 4. Other Measures to Ensure Free, Fair, Orderly & Peaceful Polls: Regulation of Vehicle use and Loud-speakers in campaigning • Candidates are required to obtain prior permits for vehicles for campaigning from RO who will issue such permit in Bright Pink 6” X 4” Cardboard Paper in printed form and in the model as given with instructions to candidates to use them in original. Any vehicle violating the same will be seized and kept in custody of police till election process is over and may be used by RO for election purposes. • Candidates will not be allowed more than 3 vehicles during Nomination, within 100 mtrs of RO Office. • No convoy of more than 3 vehicles will be allowed. • Bike Rallies are banned (under KP Act by DM). Not to be permitted. • No procession having more than 300 persons is allowed (By Order of DM) • During poll day no candidate will be allowed more than 3 vehicles (1 for him, 1 for his Election Agent and 1 for his supporters) • Vehicles will mean motorised 2, 3 & 4 wheelers. No vehicle without Yellow Board should be allowed for election propaganda except for 1 for Candidate, 1 for Star Campaigner and 1 for his/her Election Agent. All Vehicle Permits should be given after seeing the vehicle and checking the validity of Driver’s Licence. Driver of permitted vehicle must have a valid license from RTO of Bellary District only. This is to ensure that voters of other districts can cast their votes. Any vehicle without original permit displayed should be seized. Any vehicle displaying wrong permit should be seized. • No Mikes / Loudspeakers can be fitted on Vehicles as per MV Act. If mike has to be fitted, permission of RTA is a must. • Mikes can be used only during Public Meetings after due prior permission from competent authority within 6am and 10 pm (Concerned RO and CPI and also NOC from Local Body / Private Site Owner as case may be). Any public meeting without RO & local Police Permission will be stopped and all shamiyana materials seized and MCC violation case booked even against shamiyana suppliers.
  • 22. 4.Other Measures to Ensure Free, Fair, Orderly & Peaceful Polls: Prevention of Public Feeding to Influence Voters, Prevention of Un-authorised Public Meetings, Prevention of Using Vehicles to Carry Voters to Polling Station, Prevention of Works to Influence Voters, • Prevention of Public Feeding: May happen at a private / public place / commercial institution by issue of chits (instead of Bill). If done to influence voters, it amounts to bribery and case should be booked against site owner, candidate, caterer and all materials, utensils etc should be seized. All Caterers and Khanawalis and Hotels to be warned of the consequences and directed to avoid doing this. • Prevention of Un-authorised Public Meetings : If the public meeting does not have written permission from RO and SHO regarding mike-use, and permission from GESCOM regarding electrical connection, NOC from Local Body / Public Authority / Private Site Owner, Shamiana materials and mike-set etc will be seized and FIR lodged. All Shamiyana Suppliers to be warned of the consequences and directed to avoid doing this by insisting on written permission of RO & Police for Public Meetings • Prevention of Using Vehicles to Carry Voters / Un-authorised Campaigning: Vehicles carrying campaign material / Candidate / Election Agent in a public place where people have gathered will be seized if it is not carrying original Vehicle Pass relevant to that vehicle or if a mike-set is attached to the vehicle. All Private Bus, Maxi Cab, Magic, Ape’, Auto, Taxi owners to be warned of the consequences and directed to insist on vehicle permit and not allow mike-set to be fitted by RTO.
  • 23. 4. Other Measures to Ensure Free, Fair, Orderly & Peaceful Polls: Special measures for vulnerable areas, border areas, key candidate areas, worry lists • Vulnerability Mapping – Objective is to prevent any undue influence on any section or part of the voting population to prevent them from exercising their franchise and to create an atmosphere of free exercise of choices through confidence building measures – RO to compile Vulnerable Part list – Inputs from ARO, SHOs and Sector Officers – Key aspects to be noted are : • Past incidents of Electoral Violence • State Border areas • Key Candidate Home Parts, Rowdy Lists & Candidate’s Worry Lists • SC/ST areas & Minority Pockets • 107 to 110 CrPC and Atrocity cases in the past • Previous instances of imposition of curfew / Riots • Existence of concentrated habitations of dominant castes • DEO & SP to prepare vulnerable areas action plan and initiate CBMs through Sector Officers, MCC Squads and SHOs • List to be shared with Observors • Sections within Vulnerable Part Nos to be identified for poll day vigilance & monitoring • Vulnerability to be major factor in determining Critical PS • All FSTs & SSTs to ensure they are aware of Vul & Critical Areas in their Beat
  • 24. 5. MCC & Expenditure Monitoring: Structure Directions Predictive Intelligence Interceptive Actions
  • 25. 5. MCC & Expenditure Monitoring: Functions • EO: Monitor Expenditure Admissible & Inadmissible & Limits of Former – AEO: Analyse Inputs from Raw Data, Intelligence, Complaints, Reports of AC Level SST and MCMC, Maintain Shadow Register & Folder of Evidence with assistance of Accounting Team and Report to EO • DEO & Nodal Officer District Level MCC Team (CEO ZP): Planning, Superintendence & Strategy – District VVT (PD DUDC): Examine all Newspapers, View Local Cable, Compile Video Reports & Report to MCMC & DEO through CEO ZP – MCMC: Analyze Reports of VVTs, receive Media/SMS Related Complaints, Permit Advertising Requests and Send Reports to AEOs – Intelligence Gathering & Analysis Team :(Additional SP+AC IT+JCCT+DC Excise+RTO+LBM): Gather Gifts & Commerce Data, Liquor Data, Vehicle Hire Data, Banking Data etc from Supply Side, Analyze and Strategize Response – 24*7 Complaint Cell Cum Helpline: Record & Transmit Complaints through Wireless / Telephone / E-mail – AC Level SST = ARO: Compile Intelligence Reports from Flying Squads, Sector Officers, Flying Squads, Hobli Level Teams & GP Level Teams – AC Level VVT: Examine all Local Newspapers, View Local Cable, Compile Video Reports & Report to AEO & CEO ZP through AC Level SST – AC Level Flying Squad : Compile Check Post Data and Intercept Electoral Offences / Corrupt Practices, Book Cases, Seize Contraband Material • Check Post: Search & Seize Contraband / Cash • Hobli Level MCC Teams: Prevent MCC Violations & Corrupt Practices, Videograph all political activity and prepare reports in given formats and video day end reports and submit to AC SST – GP Level MCC Teams: Circulate among villages & wards, Gather Information, Carry out videography of political events, enforce MCC, Educate voters about ethical voting and submit day-end report along with video CD to Hobli Level Team, in case of any MCC violation /corrupt practice, inform nearest Flying Squad / AC Level SST / Complaint Cell
  • 26. 5. MCC & Expenditure Monitoring: Methodology • Intelligence: Without Predictive Intelligence and Data Analysis, monitoring would be a futile & frustrating exercise • Data Mining, Data Sifting, Data Analysis : Raw data and information needs to be categorised, classified, analysed to predict behaviour and also to create evidence of events • Geographical Information : Beat knowledge is Critical. Have a good local geo-social expert who knows points of ingress & egress, local political & social trends • Team Dynamics & Inter – Team Coordination : Work as a team, appreciate good work, communicate, listen but apply ur mind • Visual / Audio records to be preserved for all events. For Critical events, videography to be targetted & focussed. Videographer to be trained. • War Room Huddles are a must when acting on predictive intel inputs. Every member within a Team & every Team should know what their respective role is.
  • 27. 5. MCC & Expenditure Monitoring: Methodology • Step 1: Identification of ESCon, ESCan, ESPoc – Expenditure Sensitive Constituency :Based on Past Election Trends, Economic Status & General Popularity of Major Candidates, Recent Media Reports and Vulnerability of the Constituency: – Expenditure Sensitive Candidate : Economic Status & General Popularity of the Candidate, whether Candidate has business links, Criminal Case Record of Candidate, MCC Violations by Candidate and Recent Media Reports – Expenditure Sensitive Pockets : Dynamic scenario based on Media Reports, Worry Lists, MCC Violations and Seizures • Step 2 : Establishing Check Posts & Criticality Analysis – Check Post Establishment based on data analysis & vulnerability – 40 Check Posts • 18 State Border Check Posts : with CRPF & Videography to control inflows • 16 Internal Check Posts : State Police & Excise / Forest / CT to control distribution of cash / liquor • 6 Airport, Helipad , Rail Station & Bus Stop Checks – Area Domination by CPMF : In vulnerable and ESCon / ESPoc areas to create a sense of uniformed presence to discourage corrupt practices • Step 3 : SVEEP IEC on Higher Voting Turn-out & Ethical Voting – IEC on Ethical Voting and Electoral laws: Alongside SVEEP to sweep away corrupt practices and appeal to the moral sense of voters. – The Penal aspects of the Law to be communicated to voters
  • 28. Some Pointers Regarding Search & Seizure • Domestic search should not normally be done without warrant, except when searching for liquor / arms. Executive magistrate can issue warrant • Cash can be seized if it is associated with propaganda material like posters / voter lists / voter slips or there is prior information / complaint and the cash is not accounted for by any document (please note that the wrong doers also know this and tend to create some kind of document with large amounts of cash) • Seizures above Rs. 10 lakhs to be handed over to IT authorities • Normal timings of cash and liquor distribution are from 8pm to midnight and from 5am to 7am in rural areas and 10pm to 2am & 6am to 8 am in urban areas. In rural areas normally its door to door. In urban areas its normally at a local point. • Be polite but firm in dealing with all MCC violations and Corrupt Practices. Do not abuse or strike anyone. Women are not to be searched unless a female official is at hand. • If wrong doers try to escape, try to note down vehicle number / identification marks, physical description etc. Do not chase if you are out numbered. If following a vehicle which refuses to stop, inform a check post / police station allowing for 5 minutes of response time • Maintain key phone numbers in a ‘Group’ on your mobile to enable easy SMS to multiple authorities • Take Turns to cover maximum area and time. Probability is a team-mate in this game. Never split up to less than 2 persons. Hunt in pairs or more. • Recce, Stake-out , send in Scouts. Look for tell-tale signs, unusual behaviour, contradictory excuses, excessively detailed volunteered information. • Searching: – Houses : Look in unusual places like toilet s, behind curtains, innocuous looking rooms, false ceilings, mattresses – Vehicles : under the chassis, inside the stepney, bonnet, toolbox, under the sunshade, under other goods, shake boxes / baskets to hear for material sounds, – Person : Hidden pockets, Caps, under belts, socks – Associated evidence for political connection: Posters, pamphlets, voter lists, screen savers on mobiles
  • 29. 7. CONCLUSIONS • Work Impartially: Our Objective Is A Free, Fair, Clean Election. In a Fair Competition Nobody Should Cheat • Work Hard: A Few Sleepless Nights Can Improve The Nation’s Future Many Years • Work with Integrity and Fearlessness But Intelligence • Read : all materials like Instructions on Expenditure Monitoring and be well informed about various laws and procedures • Cooperate : with all and do your duty and beyond. Respond immediately to any information / SOS • Be decent and polite but firm and unyielding • Take Pride In Your Work, be patient but result-oriented. Don’t be frustrated if u don’t score. The idea is as much to prevent as apprehend. Ur very presence is a deterrent. • Don’t vent ur frustration on small indiscretions • Learn to use all equipment ur self

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