Film editing glossary

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Film editing glossary

  1. 1. Film Editing Glossary: Cutting and transitions Action match a technique used in film editing, is a cut that connects two different views of the same action at the same moment in the movement. By carefully matching the movement across the two shots, filmmakers make it seem that the motion continues uninterrupted. For a real match on action, the action should begin in the first shot and end in the second shot. cut A visual transition created in editing in which one shot is instantaneously replaced on screen by another. continuity editing Editing that creates action that flows smoothly across shots and scenes without jarring visual inconsistencies. Establishes a sense of story for the viewer. Cut away is the interruption of a continuously filmed action by inserting a view of
  2. 2. something else. It is usually, although not always, followed by a cutback to the first shot. dissolve A gradual scene transition. The editor overlaps the end of one shot with the beginning of the next one. editing The work of selecting and joining together shots to create a finished film. Ellipsis presents an action in such a way that it consumes less time on the screen than it does in the story. expansion of time usually created through overlapping editing. It is the opposite of the ellipsis; it presents an action in such a way that it consumes more time on the screen than it does in the story. It contains cuts that actual repeat a previous action.
  3. 3. errors of continuity Disruptions in the flow of a scene, such as a failure to match action or the placement of props across shots. establishing shot A shot, normally taken from a great distance or from a "bird's eye view," that establishes where the action is about to occur. eyeline match The matching of eyelines between two or more characters. For example, if Sam looks to the right in shot A, Jean will look to the left in shot B. This establishes a relationship of proximity and continuity. fade (in and out) A visual transition between shots or scenes that appears on screen as a brief interval with no picture. The editor fades one shot to black and then fades in the next. Often used to indicate a change in time and place.
  4. 4. final cut The finished edit of a film, approved by the director and the producer. This is what the audience sees. Insert an electronic method of editing whereby the editor can freely move shots and clips around as he pleases. Not required to linear edit (chronological order). Graphic match A cut joining two shots whose compositional elements match, helping to establish strong continuity of action. Jump cut A cut that creates a lack of continuity by leaving out parts of the action. Long take is an uninterrupted shot in a film which lasts much longer than the conventional editing pace either of the film itself or of films in general, usually lasting several minutes. It can be used for dramatic and narrative effect if done properly, and in moving shots is often accomplished
  5. 5. through the use of a dolly or Steadicam. montage Scenes whose emotional impact and visual design are achieved through the editing together of many brief shots. The shower scene from Psycho is an example of montage editing. In parallel editing or parallel cutting, sometimes also called cross-cutting, the sequences or scenes are intercut so as to suggest that they are taking place at the same time. Parallel cutting might show shots of a villain being villainous intercut with shots of the hero or heroine coming to the rescue. Most chases use parallel editing, switching back and forth between pursuer and pursued. Phone conversations, too, are often parallel edited. rough cut The editor's first pass at assembling the shots into a film, before tightening and polishing occurs. shot reverse shot cutting Usually used for conversation scenes, this technique alternates between over-the-shoulder
  6. 6. shots showing each character speaking. Slow motion is an effect in film-making whereby time appears to be slowed down. Superimposition is the exposure of more than one image on a film strip. wipe In film editing, a wipe is a gradual spatial transition from one image to another. One image is replaced by another with a distinct edge that forms a shape. A simple edge, an expanding circle, or the turning of a page are all examples. Post-production Visual effects Most editing applications offer a large selection of digital transitions with various effects. There are too many to list here, but these effects include colour replacement, animated effects, pixlilation, focus drops, lighting effects, etc. Useful Links:
  7. 7. Editing transitions: http://coe.sdsu.edu/eet/articles/transitions/index.htm http://www.northallertoncoll.org.uk/media/textanalysisandre p.htm

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