Continuity edit helps make scene of the action, a from shot to shot
using many different techniques. It means that everything flows in
a consistent, sequential, smooth manner.
is a film technique where one character is shown looking at another character often
off-screen, and then the other character is shown looking back at the first character.
Since the characters are shown facing in opposite directions, the viewer assumes that
they are looking at each other and indicates they are having a conversation.
It is a common technique used in many films/programmes
Shot reverse shot
An establishing shot is usually the first shot of a new scene, designed to show the
audience where the action is taking place. It is usually a very wide shot
or extreme wide shot.
These pictures are three
different establishing shots,
which could be used in all
different types of films
A busy traffic shot suggests the film
could be set in the city and could be
an action based film
Usually thrillers/horror movies have an establishing shot of an significant scary looking house
or setting where the film is set
180 degree rule
The 180 degree rule is that the camera has to stay the same side as an imaginary line,
the line is drawn perpendicular to the cameras view point.
This makes the continuity of the film and is often used when two people are having a
conversation in an establishing shot.
This rule shouldn’t be broken as it can ruin the scene.
Matching on action
Matching on action is an editing technique where one shot cuts to another portraying
the action of the subject in the shot.
This technique is used a lot, for example when there is a medium long shot of
someone drinking a drink, it will then cut to the drink touching the persons lips as
a close up.
This technique is used to show something
that is going to happen in detail, this
makes it more effective
Eye line match
Eye line refers to the path looking eye and is similar to shot reverse shot .
It is based on the audience wanting to view what the character on the screen is
viewing, the camera starts on the character looking at something the audience
cannot see, but then cuts to the object or person they are looking at.
Cross cutting/Parallel editing
Cross-cutting also known as parallel editing is an editing technique most often used in
films to establish action occurring at the same time in two different locations. In a
cross-cut, the camera will cut away from one action to another action, which can
suggest the simultaneity of these two actions but this is not always the case.
Graphic match is a cut in film editing between either two different objects, two
different spaces, or two different compositions in which an object in the two shots
graphically match, often helping to establish a strong continuity of action and
linking the two shots metaphorically
In most films editors use different types of transitions to move one clip to another,
Most commonly this is through a normal cut to the next scene. Most films will also
include selective use of other transitions, usually to convey a tone or mood,
suggest the passage of time, or separate parts of the story.
Montage editing is a process of cutting up film and editing it into the
screened sequence, it is sometimes used to consciously convey subjective
messages through the shots which are related in composition or movement
Unlike invisible editing it uses close-ups, relatively frequent
cuts, dissolves, fades and jump cuts.
An example of montage editing is when they show someone's life in the
space of a few minutes, using fast shots and skip to the next bit smoothly as
it fades in.
An example of montage editing is the beginning of the children's movie UP, where they show
the whole life of an old couple from the beginning of their married life to the end in the space
of 3 minutes