Art of GLAM-wiki:The Basics of Sharing Cultural Knowledge on Wikipedia
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Art of GLAM-wiki:The Basics of Sharing Cultural Knowledge on Wikipedia



A hands-on workshop instructing library, archives, and museum professionals on how they can contribute to Wikipedia. Presented at ARLIS 2013 on April 26, 2013.

A hands-on workshop instructing library, archives, and museum professionals on how they can contribute to Wikipedia. Presented at ARLIS 2013 on April 26, 2013.



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Art of GLAM-wiki:The Basics of Sharing Cultural Knowledge on Wikipedia Presentation Transcript

  • 1. THE ART OF GLAM-WIKI#ARLIS2013#GLAMwikiThe Basics of SharingCultural Knowledgewith the Worldon Wikipedia
  • 3. Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia Free as in beer & free as in speech; noadvertising Created and maintained byvolunteers, supported by the WikimediaFoundation ―A hybrid of tool and community‖ All edits/versions are recordedindefinitely 4 million+ articles, 285 languages
  • 4. Encyclopedia Number of ArticlesEnglish Wikipedia 4,168,694Encyclopedia Britannica (online) 120,000Encyclopedia Britannica (print, 2002) 65,000Size of English Wikipedia (August 2010) if it were printed and boundBiggest. Encyclopedia. Ever.
  • 5. 050,000,000100,000,000150,000,000200,000,000250,000,000300,000,000350,000,000400,000,000450,000,000500,000,000visitors to all si.edusitesvisitors towikipedia.orgMonthly Visitors to SmithsonianWebsites vs.
  • 6. What or who merits anarticle on Wikipedia?If a person or topic has receivedsignificant coverage in reliablesources that are independent of thesubject, then it is deemed ―notable,‖and may merit its own Wikipediaarticle.See
  • 7. Core Wikipedia Policies Neutral Point of View Verifiabilityreliable sources, cited correctly No “original research”i.e. unpublisheddata, opinions, speculation Assume good faith towardsother editors Avoid conflict of interest (i.e.editing page about self, boss)See Wikipedia: Policiesand guidelines
  • 8. WikiProjectsWikiProjects = venues on Wikipedia where editorscoordinate coverage around a particular field or topicReal examples:WikiProject ArchitectureWikiProject FungiWikiProject Visual ArtsWikiProject Martial ArtsWikiProject FeminismWikiProject District of ColumbiaLactarius indigo, Dan Molter [CC-BY-SA-3.0]
  • 9. GLAM-Wiki Project:A Global Network and Community
  • 10. Wikipedia & GLAMs: arelationship of mutual benefitWikipedia benefits from GLAM resources andpeople, resulting in better articles and higherquality of sources citedGLAMs benefit from having information abouttheir collections available to a much largeraudience, and from the experience of workingwith volunteers from the Wikimedia community
  • 11. Google WikipediaGLAMwebsiteTypical research process:Wikipedia is frequently amidpoint, not an endpoint
  • 12. GLAM-wiki benefits the public too!Online researchers & students benefitfrom consulting better quality, authoritativeWikipedia articlesEditors benefit from the learningexperience of researching, writing andcollaborating on articles
  • 14. 3 Standard Parts of a Typical ArticleLead section Summary paragraphs—should read like anabstract, summarizing the article as a whole Table of Contents Infobox, an image (maybe)Main body Up to 4 levels of sub-sections (think h2, h3, etc.)Closing sections See also, References, Notes Bibliography, Further reading, External links Categories, interwiki links
  • 15. Template: Infobox Artist{{Infobox artist| name = Louise Nevelson| image = Louise and Neith Nevelson.jpg| imagesize = 250px| caption = Louise Nevelson and granddaughter [[Neith Nevelson]]| birth_name = Leah Berliawsky| birth_date = {{birth date |1899|9|23|}}| birth_place =[[Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi|Perislav]], [[PoltavaGovernorate]], [[Russian Empire]]| death_date = {{death date and age |1988|4|17|1899|9|23|}}| death_place = New York City| nationality = American| field = Sculpture}}
  • 16. Data fromWikipedia
  • 18. Creating a user account Sharing an account is not allowed, so you shouldnot create an account for your organization You can edit without an account, but your IPaddress is recorded (less privacy, in the end) User name: real name or pseudonym up to you Other advantages of an account:• A record of your work builds credibility• Ability to create/rename articles, upload images• More likely to receive help from others
  • 19. Creating a user page Can be as personal or impersonal as you want Can state which WikiProjects you belongto, show awards (Barnstars) that you havereceived from the community Good place to put a conflict of interest statementfor GLAM employees
  • 20. Conflict of interest statement forGLAM employee user pageConflict of Interest StatementI, User: [username here], am an employee of [yourinstitution], and a cultural institution perWikiproject:GLAM. I accept the editing conditionsspecified at that page. I will not make any edits thatwould not be beneficial to the goals of Wikipedia.My main edits will tend to consist of the followingactivities:– Example1– Example2I will modify my editing behavior based on problems citedby other editors or if my editing conflicts with otherWikipedia guidelines. I ask that other editors do nothesitate to contact me, via my user talk page, if Iappear to be going against this declaration. [sign here]
  • 21. Creating a user sandboxA sandbox is a place to experiment. If your sandbox link isred, click on it to create the page.You can make multiple sub-sandboxes by adding another /after sandbox and adding a new directory nameKeep search engines at bay: template {{Userspace draft}}
  • 22. User Talk pages New posts go at the bottom Users may reply either on your talk page, or onthe page where you posted When you post something, always sign yourname by clicking or typing ~~~~ You can choose to be notified by email whensomeone posts to your talk page See Help: Using talk pages
  • 23. Article Talk pages Work very much the same way as user talk pages A place for editors to discuss the topic Give you a good feel about whether or not thearticle has issues, controversies If you feel that part of an article has problems orerrors, this is a place where you can makesuggestions instead of editing it yourself
  • 24. Watchlist & ContributionsMy watchlist - see the latest changes inyour watched articles (Tip: Atom feedlink left nav column, get updates instantlyin your feed reader or email client)My contributions – a record of your edits
  • 25. Editing Wiki Markup• What you see is not what you get• Use the buttons or type in the markup by hand• Find the ―cheat sheet‖ by typing WP:CHEAT intothe search box, or save this PDF to yourcomputer
  • 26. Creating or Editing an ArticleNEW:Search (unsuccessfully) then click on the resultingredlink to create the page―Submit for review‖ is not required for registerededitorsEXISTING:―Edit this page‖ tab edits the whole article―[edit]‖ links appear in major section headingsSee also: WP:CREATE
  • 27. Adding Sources (cite templates)References1. "A Finding Aid to the Macbeth Gallery records, 1838-1968". Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.Retrieved 15 February 2013.The citation lives in the body of thearticle, but it displays at the bottom of thearticle via template {{Reflist}}
  • 28. Adding Sources (cite templates)1st mention of source<ref name=aaa>{{cite web|title=A Finding Aid to theMacbeth Gallery records, 1838-1968|url=|publisher=Archives ofAmerican Art, Smithsonian Institution|accessdate=15February 2013}}</ref>2nd mention of source (named reference)<ref name=aaa />
  • 29. Cite menu(see demonstration – adding byISBN, using named references)
  • 30. Tips & shortcuts for adding citations• Always assign a ―Ref Name‖ (easy to cite multiple times)• The ―cite book‖ template has an ISBN lookup feature• Using WorldCat for URL field encourages library useOther time saving tools:– Google Books Citation Tool– New York Times Citation Tool– DOI Citation Tool websites include ready-made Wikipedia citations(i.e. Cooper-Hewitt)
  • 31. Action!1. Choose an article that you thinkneeds some love. Copy andpaste text to your sandbox.2. Try adding a reference to thearticle in your sandbox.3. Preview & save – don’t forgetthe edit summary!
  • 32. Images: Wikimedia Commons vs.―Non-free Use‖ rationale• Wikimedia Commons image––Example: Teton Range (Ansel Adamsgovernment photograph)• Non-free image––Example: Look Mickey (RoyLichtenstein painting)
  • 33. Wikimedia Commons donations• Children’s Museum of Indianapolis• Walters Art Museum case study• Archives of American Art case study
  • 34. Share the WikiLove!
  • 35. This Wikipedia tutorial for GLAM professionals wascreated by Sara Snyder (user:Sarasays) for the ARLIS-NA 2013 conference workshop held on April 26, 2013.Please feel free to expand, improve, re-use, and share!