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Art of GLAM-wiki:The Basics of Sharing Cultural Knowledge on Wikipedia

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THE ART OF GLAM-WIKI
#ARLIS2013
#GLAMwiki
The Basics of Sharing
Cultural Knowledge
with the World
on Wikipedia

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PART 1: HOW WIKIPEDIA
WORKS, AND WHY
LIBRARIES, ARCHIVES, &
MUSEUMS SHOULD CARE

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Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia
 Free as in beer & free as in speech; no
advertising
 Created and maintained by
volunte...

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Art of GLAM-wiki:The Basics of Sharing Cultural Knowledge on Wikipedia

  1. 1. THE ART OF GLAM-WIKI #ARLIS2013 #GLAMwiki The Basics of Sharing Cultural Knowledge with the World on Wikipedia
  2. 2. PART 1: HOW WIKIPEDIA WORKS, AND WHY LIBRARIES, ARCHIVES, & MUSEUMS SHOULD CARE
  3. 3. Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia  Free as in beer & free as in speech; no advertising  Created and maintained by volunteers, supported by the Wikimedia Foundation  ―A hybrid of tool and community‖  All edits/versions are recorded indefinitely  4 million+ articles, 285 languages
  4. 4. Encyclopedia Number of Articles English Wikipedia 4,168,694 Encyclopedia Britannica (online) 120,000 Encyclopedia Britannica (print, 2002) 65,000 Size of English Wikipedia (August 2010) if it were printed and bound Biggest. Encyclopedia. Ever.
  5. 5. 0 50,000,000 100,000,000 150,000,000 200,000,000 250,000,000 300,000,000 350,000,000 400,000,000 450,000,000 500,000,000 visitors to all si.edu sites visitors to wikipedia.org Monthly Visitors to Smithsonian Websites vs. Wikipedia.org
  6. 6. What or who merits an article on Wikipedia? If a person or topic has received significant coverage in reliable sources that are independent of the subject, then it is deemed ―notable,‖ and may merit its own Wikipedia article. See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Notability
  7. 7. Core Wikipedia Policies  Neutral Point of View  Verifiability reliable sources, cited correctly  No “original research” i.e. unpublished data, opinions, speculation  Assume good faith towards other editors  Avoid conflict of interest (i.e. editing page about self, boss) See Wikipedia: Policies and guidelines
  8. 8. WikiProjects WikiProjects = venues on Wikipedia where editors coordinate coverage around a particular field or topic Real examples: WikiProject Architecture WikiProject Fungi WikiProject Visual Arts WikiProject Martial Arts WikiProject Feminism WikiProject District of Columbia Lactarius indigo, Dan Molter [CC-BY-SA-3.0]
  9. 9. GLAM-Wiki Project: A Global Network and Community
  10. 10. Wikipedia & GLAMs: a relationship of mutual benefit Wikipedia benefits from GLAM resources and people, resulting in better articles and higher quality of sources cited GLAMs benefit from having information about their collections available to a much larger audience, and from the experience of working with volunteers from the Wikimedia community
  11. 11. Google Wikipedia GLAM website Typical research process: Wikipedia is frequently a midpoint, not an endpoint
  12. 12. GLAM-wiki benefits the public too! Online researchers & students benefit from consulting better quality, authoritative Wikipedia articles Editors benefit from the learning experience of researching, writing and collaborating on articles
  13. 13. PART 2: ANATOMY OF AN ARTICLE
  14. 14. 3 Standard Parts of a Typical Article Lead section  Summary paragraphs—should read like an abstract, summarizing the article as a whole  Table of Contents  Infobox, an image (maybe) Main body  Up to 4 levels of sub-sections (think h2, h3, etc.) Closing sections  See also, References, Notes  Bibliography, Further reading, External links  Categories, interwiki links
  15. 15. Template: Infobox Artist {{Infobox artist | name = Louise Nevelson | image = Louise and Neith Nevelson.jpg | imagesize = 250px | caption = Louise Nevelson and granddaughter [[Neith Nevelson]] | birth_name = Leah Berliawsky | birth_date = {{birth date |1899|9|23|}} | birth_place =[[Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi|Perislav]], [[Poltava Governorate]], [[Russian Empire]] | death_date = {{death date and age |1988|4|17|1899|9|23|}} | death_place = New York City | nationality = American | field = Sculpture }}
  16. 16. Data from Wikipedia
  17. 17. PART 3: LETS START EDITING!
  18. 18. Creating a user account  Sharing an account is not allowed, so you should not create an account for your organization  You can edit without an account, but your IP address is recorded (less privacy, in the end)  User name: real name or pseudonym up to you  Other advantages of an account: • A record of your work builds credibility • Ability to create/rename articles, upload images • More likely to receive help from others
  19. 19. Creating a user page  Can be as personal or impersonal as you want  Can state which WikiProjects you belong to, show awards (Barnstars) that you have received from the community  Good place to put a conflict of interest statement for GLAM employees
  20. 20. Conflict of interest statement for GLAM employee user page Conflict of Interest Statement I, User: [username here], am an employee of [your institution], and a cultural institution per Wikiproject:GLAM. I accept the editing conditions specified at that page. I will not make any edits that would not be beneficial to the goals of Wikipedia. My main edits will tend to consist of the following activities: – Example1 – Example2 I will modify my editing behavior based on problems cited by other editors or if my editing conflicts with other Wikipedia guidelines. I ask that other editors do not hesitate to contact me, via my user talk page, if I appear to be going against this declaration. [sign here]
  21. 21. Creating a user sandbox A sandbox is a place to experiment. If your sandbox link is red, click on it to create the page. You can make multiple sub-sandboxes by adding another / after sandbox and adding a new directory name Keep search engines at bay: template {{Userspace draft}}
  22. 22. User Talk pages  New posts go at the bottom  Users may reply either on your talk page, or on the page where you posted  When you post something, always sign your name by clicking or typing ~~~~  You can choose to be notified by email when someone posts to your talk page  See Help: Using talk pages
  23. 23. Article Talk pages  Work very much the same way as user talk pages  A place for editors to discuss the topic  Give you a good feel about whether or not the article has issues, controversies  If you feel that part of an article has problems or errors, this is a place where you can make suggestions instead of editing it yourself
  24. 24. Watchlist & Contributions My watchlist - see the latest changes in your watched articles (Tip: Atom feed link left nav column, get updates instantly in your feed reader or email client) My contributions – a record of your edits
  25. 25. Editing Wiki Markup • What you see is not what you get • Use the buttons or type in the markup by hand • Find the ―cheat sheet‖ by typing WP:CHEAT into the search box, or save this PDF to your computer
  26. 26. Creating or Editing an Article NEW: Search (unsuccessfully) then click on the resulting redlink to create the page ―Submit for review‖ is not required for registered editors EXISTING: ―Edit this page‖ tab edits the whole article ―[edit]‖ links appear in major section headings See also: WP:CREATE
  27. 27. Adding Sources (cite templates) References 1. "A Finding Aid to the Macbeth Gallery records, 1838- 1968". Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 15 February 2013. The citation lives in the body of the article, but it displays at the bottom of the article via template {{Reflist}}
  28. 28. Adding Sources (cite templates) 1st mention of source <ref name=aaa>{{cite web|title=A Finding Aid to the Macbeth Gallery records, 1838- 1968|url=http://www.aaa.si.edu/collections/macbeth- gallery-records-9703/more|publisher=Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution|accessdate=15 February 2013}}</ref> 2nd mention of source (named reference) <ref name=aaa />
  29. 29. Cite menu (see demonstration – adding by ISBN, using named references)
  30. 30. Tips & shortcuts for adding citations • Always assign a ―Ref Name‖ (easy to cite multiple times) • The ―cite book‖ template has an ISBN lookup feature • Using WorldCat for URL field encourages library use Other time saving tools: – Google Books Citation Tool reftag.appspot.com – New York Times Citation Tool reftag.appspot.com/nytweb.py – DOI Citation Tool reftag.appspot.com/doiweb.py Some websites include ready-made Wikipedia citations (i.e. Cooper-Hewitt)
  31. 31. Action! 1. Choose an article that you think needs some love. Copy and paste text to your sandbox. 2. Try adding a reference to the article in your sandbox. 3. Preview & save – don’t forget the edit summary!
  32. 32. Images: Wikimedia Commons vs. ―Non-free Use‖ rationale • Wikimedia Commons image –commons.wikimedia.org –Example: Teton Range (Ansel Adams government photograph) • Non-free image –en.wikipedia.org –Example: Look Mickey (Roy Lichtenstein painting)
  33. 33. Wikimedia Commons donations • Children’s Museum of Indianapolis • Walters Art Museum case study • Archives of American Art case study
  34. 34. Share the WikiLove!
  35. 35. This Wikipedia tutorial for GLAM professionals was created by Sara Snyder (user:Sarasays) for the ARLIS- NA 2013 conference workshop held on April 26, 2013. Please feel free to expand, improve, re-use, and share!

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