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Art of GLAM-wiki:The Basics of Sharing Cultural Knowledge on Wikipedia


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A hands-on workshop instructing library, archives, and museum professionals on how they can contribute to Wikipedia. Presented at ARLIS 2013 on April 26, 2013.

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Art of GLAM-wiki:The Basics of Sharing Cultural Knowledge on Wikipedia

  1. 1. THE ART OF GLAM-WIKI#ARLIS2013#GLAMwikiThe Basics of SharingCultural Knowledgewith the Worldon Wikipedia
  3. 3. Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia Free as in beer & free as in speech; noadvertising Created and maintained byvolunteers, supported by the WikimediaFoundation ―A hybrid of tool and community‖ All edits/versions are recordedindefinitely 4 million+ articles, 285 languages
  4. 4. Encyclopedia Number of ArticlesEnglish Wikipedia 4,168,694Encyclopedia Britannica (online) 120,000Encyclopedia Britannica (print, 2002) 65,000Size of English Wikipedia (August 2010) if it were printed and boundBiggest. Encyclopedia. Ever.
  5. 5. 050,000,000100,000,000150,000,000200,000,000250,000,000300,000,000350,000,000400,000,000450,000,000500,000,000visitors to all si.edusitesvisitors towikipedia.orgMonthly Visitors to SmithsonianWebsites vs.
  6. 6. What or who merits anarticle on Wikipedia?If a person or topic has receivedsignificant coverage in reliablesources that are independent of thesubject, then it is deemed ―notable,‖and may merit its own Wikipediaarticle.See
  7. 7. Core Wikipedia Policies Neutral Point of View Verifiabilityreliable sources, cited correctly No “original research”i.e. unpublisheddata, opinions, speculation Assume good faith towardsother editors Avoid conflict of interest (i.e.editing page about self, boss)See Wikipedia: Policiesand guidelines
  8. 8. WikiProjectsWikiProjects = venues on Wikipedia where editorscoordinate coverage around a particular field or topicReal examples:WikiProject ArchitectureWikiProject FungiWikiProject Visual ArtsWikiProject Martial ArtsWikiProject FeminismWikiProject District of ColumbiaLactarius indigo, Dan Molter [CC-BY-SA-3.0]
  9. 9. GLAM-Wiki Project:A Global Network and Community
  10. 10. Wikipedia & GLAMs: arelationship of mutual benefitWikipedia benefits from GLAM resources andpeople, resulting in better articles and higherquality of sources citedGLAMs benefit from having information abouttheir collections available to a much largeraudience, and from the experience of workingwith volunteers from the Wikimedia community
  11. 11. Google WikipediaGLAMwebsiteTypical research process:Wikipedia is frequently amidpoint, not an endpoint
  12. 12. GLAM-wiki benefits the public too!Online researchers & students benefitfrom consulting better quality, authoritativeWikipedia articlesEditors benefit from the learningexperience of researching, writing andcollaborating on articles
  14. 14. 3 Standard Parts of a Typical ArticleLead section Summary paragraphs—should read like anabstract, summarizing the article as a whole Table of Contents Infobox, an image (maybe)Main body Up to 4 levels of sub-sections (think h2, h3, etc.)Closing sections See also, References, Notes Bibliography, Further reading, External links Categories, interwiki links
  15. 15. Template: Infobox Artist{{Infobox artist| name = Louise Nevelson| image = Louise and Neith Nevelson.jpg| imagesize = 250px| caption = Louise Nevelson and granddaughter [[Neith Nevelson]]| birth_name = Leah Berliawsky| birth_date = {{birth date |1899|9|23|}}| birth_place =[[Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi|Perislav]], [[PoltavaGovernorate]], [[Russian Empire]]| death_date = {{death date and age |1988|4|17|1899|9|23|}}| death_place = New York City| nationality = American| field = Sculpture}}
  16. 16. Data fromWikipedia
  18. 18. Creating a user account Sharing an account is not allowed, so you shouldnot create an account for your organization You can edit without an account, but your IPaddress is recorded (less privacy, in the end) User name: real name or pseudonym up to you Other advantages of an account:• A record of your work builds credibility• Ability to create/rename articles, upload images• More likely to receive help from others
  19. 19. Creating a user page Can be as personal or impersonal as you want Can state which WikiProjects you belongto, show awards (Barnstars) that you havereceived from the community Good place to put a conflict of interest statementfor GLAM employees
  20. 20. Conflict of interest statement forGLAM employee user pageConflict of Interest StatementI, User: [username here], am an employee of [yourinstitution], and a cultural institution perWikiproject:GLAM. I accept the editing conditionsspecified at that page. I will not make any edits thatwould not be beneficial to the goals of Wikipedia.My main edits will tend to consist of the followingactivities:– Example1– Example2I will modify my editing behavior based on problems citedby other editors or if my editing conflicts with otherWikipedia guidelines. I ask that other editors do nothesitate to contact me, via my user talk page, if Iappear to be going against this declaration. [sign here]
  21. 21. Creating a user sandboxA sandbox is a place to experiment. If your sandbox link isred, click on it to create the page.You can make multiple sub-sandboxes by adding another /after sandbox and adding a new directory nameKeep search engines at bay: template {{Userspace draft}}
  22. 22. User Talk pages New posts go at the bottom Users may reply either on your talk page, or onthe page where you posted When you post something, always sign yourname by clicking or typing ~~~~ You can choose to be notified by email whensomeone posts to your talk page See Help: Using talk pages
  23. 23. Article Talk pages Work very much the same way as user talk pages A place for editors to discuss the topic Give you a good feel about whether or not thearticle has issues, controversies If you feel that part of an article has problems orerrors, this is a place where you can makesuggestions instead of editing it yourself
  24. 24. Watchlist & ContributionsMy watchlist - see the latest changes inyour watched articles (Tip: Atom feedlink left nav column, get updates instantlyin your feed reader or email client)My contributions – a record of your edits
  25. 25. Editing Wiki Markup• What you see is not what you get• Use the buttons or type in the markup by hand• Find the ―cheat sheet‖ by typing WP:CHEAT intothe search box, or save this PDF to yourcomputer
  26. 26. Creating or Editing an ArticleNEW:Search (unsuccessfully) then click on the resultingredlink to create the page―Submit for review‖ is not required for registerededitorsEXISTING:―Edit this page‖ tab edits the whole article―[edit]‖ links appear in major section headingsSee also: WP:CREATE
  27. 27. Adding Sources (cite templates)References1. "A Finding Aid to the Macbeth Gallery records, 1838-1968". Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.Retrieved 15 February 2013.The citation lives in the body of thearticle, but it displays at the bottom of thearticle via template {{Reflist}}
  28. 28. Adding Sources (cite templates)1st mention of source<ref name=aaa>{{cite web|title=A Finding Aid to theMacbeth Gallery records, 1838-1968|url=|publisher=Archives ofAmerican Art, Smithsonian Institution|accessdate=15February 2013}}</ref>2nd mention of source (named reference)<ref name=aaa />
  29. 29. Cite menu(see demonstration – adding byISBN, using named references)
  30. 30. Tips & shortcuts for adding citations• Always assign a ―Ref Name‖ (easy to cite multiple times)• The ―cite book‖ template has an ISBN lookup feature• Using WorldCat for URL field encourages library useOther time saving tools:– Google Books Citation Tool– New York Times Citation Tool– DOI Citation Tool websites include ready-made Wikipedia citations(i.e. Cooper-Hewitt)
  31. 31. Action!1. Choose an article that you thinkneeds some love. Copy andpaste text to your sandbox.2. Try adding a reference to thearticle in your sandbox.3. Preview & save – don’t forgetthe edit summary!
  32. 32. Images: Wikimedia Commons vs.―Non-free Use‖ rationale• Wikimedia Commons image––Example: Teton Range (Ansel Adamsgovernment photograph)• Non-free image––Example: Look Mickey (RoyLichtenstein painting)
  33. 33. Wikimedia Commons donations• Children’s Museum of Indianapolis• Walters Art Museum case study• Archives of American Art case study
  34. 34. Share the WikiLove!
  35. 35. This Wikipedia tutorial for GLAM professionals wascreated by Sara Snyder (user:Sarasays) for the ARLIS-NA 2013 conference workshop held on April 26, 2013.Please feel free to expand, improve, re-use, and share!