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  1. 1. MARXISM<br />LO: To understand the Marxist theory of the family. <br />
  2. 2. A Conflict Theory<br />
  3. 3. Key Terms<br />The Bourgeoisie (Ruling Class)<br />They own the means of production and exploit the lower classes.<br />
  4. 4. Key Terms<br />The Proletariat (Working Class)<br />They are the subject class, exploited and controlled by the bourgeoisie.<br />
  5. 5. Key Terms<br />Ideology<br />The bourgeoisie use ideology to gain acceptance and maintain the ‘false consciousness’ in order to prevent a revolution. <br />
  6. 6. Key Terms<br />Revolution!<br />The proletariat will become ‘Class Conscious’ and become aware of the exploitation. <br />
  7. 7. Before the capitalist system emerged there was no family structure. <br />Everyone shared the labour communally.<br />All members of society owned the means of production.<br />This was called a classless society. <br />
  8. 8. Monogamous Nuclear Family<br />Marx and Engles – believed that the monogamous nuclear family was developed as a way to pass on private property to heirs.<br />Only through monogamous relationships can the family ensure that their home, capital etc is passed on to the correct heirs.<br />
  9. 9. Marxism and the family.<br />The nuclear family supports the capitalist system!<br />Family members are taught to submit to the capitalist system.<br />Why do your mummy and daddy go to work?<br />. . .To earn pennies!<br />
  10. 10. When children are socialised they are taught to accept their position in society.<br />They are taught that it is vital to work.<br />They are taught the hierarchy of the system. (The family represents society)<br />
  11. 11. The family acts as a comforter to the proletariat. Helping individuals ‘damp down’ the effects of capitalism.<br />
  12. 12. Zaretsky (1976)<br />The family performs an ideological function, offering the worker a ‘haven’ from the harsh exploitive world of capitalism.<br />
  13. 13. Marx and Engles argued that a women’s role in the family was similar to a prostitutes. . . .<br />. . . She provided sex (for a heir) in return for protection. <br />
  14. 14. The family is now a ‘UNIT OF CONSUMPTION’ <br />Children are targeted as consumers.<br />They have ‘pester power’.<br />Children are stigmatized for not having the latest fashion trends.<br />Adverts promote the ‘ideal family’ type. <br />
  15. 15. Criticisms of Marxism<br />What about men who marry for love? And not to pass down property?<br />Many women work and don’t need to marry and conceive for protection.<br />Marxism ignores other family types.<br />Ignores the ‘functions’ that a family can play, with support, emotional security etc.<br />Feminists argue that Marxism places too much importance on class and not enough on patriarchy. <br />
  16. 16. Key Term Revision<br />Write a definition for each key term:<br />Conflict Theory<br />Bourgeoisie<br />Proletariat <br />False Class Conscious<br />Class Conscious<br />Ideology<br /> Exploitation<br /> Revolution<br />Means of Production<br />Relations of Production<br />
  17. 17. Fill in your next section on your A3 sheet.<br />The sub-heading should be Marxism. <br />Ensure you include some of the key terms. <br />Activity<br />