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Chapter 2
 

Chapter 2

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    Chapter 2 Chapter 2 Presentation Transcript

    • Public Fire Prevention Organizations and Functions Chapter 2
    • Objectives
      • Upon completion of this chapter, you will be able to:
        • Discuss the role of the federal, state and local governments in the prevention of fires and the reduction in fire deaths and injuries
        • Contrast the roles between the three levels of government in the prevention of fires
    • Objectives (cont’d.)
        • Name the watershed federal fire programs and describe the events or national conditions that led to their creation
        • List the fire prevention functions performed by traditional fire prevention bureaus and describe nontraditional systems for delivery of those services
        • List federal agencies with fire prevention missions and describe their missions and programs
    • Fire Prevention - Motives Behind the Cause
      • World War II: massive fire prevention effort
      • Fire threatens: jobs, economy, education, health, and infrastructure
      • Organizations: profit and non-profit driven
    • Organizations with the Mission of Fire Prevention
      • Traditional Fire Prevention Bureaus
        • Functions performed by fire departments
      • Nontraditional Fire Prevention Bureaus
        • Functions performed by other agency/s
        • Dangerous: single person doing all types of inspections
    • State Fire Prevention and Protection Programs
      • F ire marshals in 40 states by 1913
      • Provided within the 50 state governments:
        • Code development
        • Inspection
        • Engineering services
        • Fire investigation services
    • State Fire Training Programs
      • Training organizations
        • Often not associated with fire marshal
        • Are located w ithin state universities or are i ndependent agencies
      • Training allows to reach full potential of prevention programs
    • Fire Prevention Efforts of the Federal Government
      • For most of our history
        • Geared towards:
          • Protection of government property
          • Ensuring continuity of government functions
        • Public protection an issue for the states
      • Bureau of Standards fire research lab, established 1914
    • Catalysts for Federal Fire Prevention Programs
      • Hose coupling problem on Bureau of Standards premises, 1904
        • Fire research facility established at the National Institute of Standards and Technology
      • President Woodrow Wilson, 1920
        • First National Fire Prevention Day
    • Catalysts for Federal Fire Prevention Programs (cont’d.)
      • President Warren Harding, 1922
        • First Fire Prevention Week
      • Protection of manufacturing facilities that were preparing for war, 1941
        • National Bureau for Industrial Protection established
    • President Truman’s Fire Prevention Conference
      • Washington DC, May of 1947
      • 34 new committees on fire prevention
        • D raft model statute permitting adoption of model codes
      • Conferences by 18 states to build on work begun in Washington
    • Federal Agencies Involved in Fire Prevention
      • Public Law 93-478, 1974
        • First major federal program to reduce fire threat to general public
    • National Commission on Fire Prevention and Control
      • Established by the 1968 Fire Research Safety Act
      • America Burning report: significant force for fire prevention/protection in U.S. history
      • Called for establishment of:
        • U.S. Fire Administration (USFA)
        • National Fire Academy (NFA)
    • United States Fire Administration
      • Established by the 1974 Federal Fire Prevention and Control Act
      • Basic areas of efforts:
        • Public education
        • Fire/emergency response personnel training
        • Fire safety technology, testing, and research
        • Collection, analysis, and dissemination of pertinent data
    • FIGURE 2-7 The focus of the FESHE conferences is higher education, sharing ideas, and addressing new challenges. (Source: U.S. Fire Administration)
    • National Institute of Standards and Technology
      • Formerly, National Bureau of Standards
      • Federal Fire Prevention and Control Act
        • Center for Fire Research at NBS
      • Today, NIST’s Building and Fire Research Laboratory:
        • Building materials performance
        • Fire service technologies
        • Fire loss reduction
    • Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco Firearms, and Explosives
      • Mission: regulation, t ax collection, protection of the public
      • National Laboratory complex, 2003
        • Alcohol and Tobacco Laboratory
        • Forensic Science Laboratory
        • Fire Research Laboratory
      • Assists state and local agencies in investigation of arson and bombings
    • The National Interagency Fire Center
      • Formed in Boise, Idaho, 1965
      • Member of the National Wildfire Coordinating Group
        • 97% - 98% of wildland fires extinguished during first burning period
        • Wildfires by recreational campfires 80% reduced if patrols, user contacts, and signage used
    • U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission
      • Created by Congress in 1972
      • Activities:
        • Develop standards
        • Conduct research
        • Inform and educate the public
        • Recall unsafe products
    • Department of Housing and Urban Development
      • Fire safety impact through its Minimum Property Standards (MPS)
        • Minimum quality/safety/durability standards on (federally backed mortgages) properties
    • Department of Defense
      • Fire prevention programs
        • Protect U.S. military assets
        • Ensure the ability of the branches to carry out their missions
      • Inspectors often called on to help fix problems, unlike municipal fire inspectors
    • Occupational Safety and Health Administration
      • Established by the 1971 Occupational Safety and Health Act
      • Mission: work-place safety
      • Standards for:
        • Fire and explosion hazards
        • Fire brigade staffing, training, and operation
    • Other Federal Agencies
      • Many agencies
        • Involved in fire research or extensive fire prevention programs
      • National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
      • Department of State
      • Veterans Administration
    • Summary
      • Traditionally:
        • Fire prevention responsibility of the states
        • F ederal involvement limited to protection of federal government assets, and research
      • Watershed events for federal involvement:
        • World War II
        • 1947 Fire Prevention Conference
        • 1973 America Burning report