Other Fire Prevention Functions   Chapter 8
Objectives <ul><li>Upon completion of this chapter, you will be able to: </li></ul><ul><li>List nontraditional government ...
Objectives (cont’d.) <ul><li>Discuss the potential benefits for the public </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the potential negati...
Fire Prevention–Related Functions <ul><li>Fire departments have historically possessed an elastic quality </li></ul><ul><u...
Fire Prevention–Related Functions (cont’d.) <ul><li>Fire threatens the economic viability of every community </li></ul><ul...
Construction Regulation <ul><li>Requires technical competence in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Structural, mechanical, electrical...
FIGURE 8-2 Fire departments have a vested interest in regulating construction as evidenced by this blocked fi re departmen...
Property Maintenance Code Enforcement <ul><li>Codes provide minimum standards for existing structures for: </li></ul><ul><...
Political Considerations <ul><li>Perception of property maintenance code inspection programs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Influen...
Vacant Structures <ul><li>Vacant and abandoned properties frequently involved in fire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scenes of mult...
Hazardous Waste and Environmental Crime Investigation <ul><li>Some fire bureaus initially scoffed at the idea of hazardous...
FIGURE 8-4 In many jurisdictions, fire departments and fire prevention bureaus were the logical pick to investigate hazard...
Homeland Security and Civil Defense <ul><li>Fire departments among the first to respond to domestic terrorism </li></ul><u...
Summary <ul><li>Fire departments/prevention bureaus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Logical choices for nontraditional services </li...
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Chapter 8

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Chapter 8

  1. 1. Other Fire Prevention Functions Chapter 8
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>Upon completion of this chapter, you will be able to: </li></ul><ul><li>List nontraditional government functions that are sometimes assigned to fire prevention bureaus </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the rationale used to justify this action </li></ul>
  3. 3. Objectives (cont’d.) <ul><li>Discuss the potential benefits for the public </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the potential negative impact on the organization’s mission of fire prevention </li></ul>
  4. 4. Fire Prevention–Related Functions <ul><li>Fire departments have historically possessed an elastic quality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire prevention bureaus have branched into complementary/enhancement functions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Danger: the original mission can be superseded by other tasks </li></ul>
  5. 5. Fire Prevention–Related Functions (cont’d.) <ul><li>Fire threatens the economic viability of every community </li></ul><ul><li>Investigation of hazardous waste and environmental crimes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural extension of: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Materials regulation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Emergency incident mitigation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fire investigation </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Construction Regulation <ul><li>Requires technical competence in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Structural, mechanical, electrical, and plumbing engineering and associated trades </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Professional registration/licensure in engineering/architecture highly desirable </li></ul><ul><li>Simplistic notion that: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All inspections are basically alike </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>That cross-training can overcome all </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. FIGURE 8-2 Fire departments have a vested interest in regulating construction as evidenced by this blocked fi re department connection at a construction site. ( Photo courtesy of Duane Perry )
  8. 8. Property Maintenance Code Enforcement <ul><li>Codes provide minimum standards for existing structures for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Light, ventilation, space, heating, sanitation, weather protection, life safety, and fire safety </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Codes typically adopted in concert with ordinances that require: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Registration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inspection of residential rental properties </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Political Considerations <ul><li>Perception of property maintenance code inspection programs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Influenced by: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Media reports </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Views of neighborhood leaders </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Inspectors legally obligated to report illegal activity encountered during inspections </li></ul>
  10. 10. Vacant Structures <ul><li>Vacant and abandoned properties frequently involved in fire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scenes of multiple firefighter fatalities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Proactive campaign to reduce/eliminate these structures indispensable </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Barricading or through demolition </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Hazardous Waste and Environmental Crime Investigation <ul><li>Some fire bureaus initially scoffed at the idea of hazardous materials regulation </li></ul><ul><li>Fire prevention bureaus have regulated storage, handling, and use of hazardous materials since there have been fire codes </li></ul><ul><li>Fire departments one of few organizations able to contain/neutralize hazardous materials release </li></ul>
  12. 12. FIGURE 8-4 In many jurisdictions, fire departments and fire prevention bureaus were the logical pick to investigate hazardous waste crimes
  13. 13. Homeland Security and Civil Defense <ul><li>Fire departments among the first to respond to domestic terrorism </li></ul><ul><li>Threat of terrorist attacks enhance the need for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Traditional fire protection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emergency egress systems </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Safety/security: complementary goals </li></ul>
  14. 14. Summary <ul><li>Fire departments/prevention bureaus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Logical choices for nontraditional services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Construction regulation, hazardous materials regulation and investigation, and civil defense </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Must ensure that original mission of fire prevention bureau is not lost </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Property protection and safety from fire </li></ul></ul>

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