Getting Real With RDA
 

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Presentation given at the New Jersey Library Association conference on April 29, 2009.

Presentation given at the New Jersey Library Association conference on April 29, 2009.

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  • Eventually we need to make our data more data-like. There are too many fields that are primarily textual, such as ‘includes bibliographic references’ or ‘translation of …’ Where there are fixed field codes for such statements they require a separate input, and many libraries just don’t bother. In fact, if we view our data as data, then ‘includes bib references’ is a bit of data that can be displayed however we want (and in whatever language) for our human users, but can be usable by machines if coded appropriately. There is much in the MARC record that we haven’t made good use of. it’s really a shame to be spending the time entering data that isn’t used. Perhaps our data practices were ahead of their time. We may just now be getting to a point where there is a context where our data can be fully used. There is no question in my mind that to make this work we have to develop systems that provide much more support for the metadata creator. Eventually, our systems need themselves to become more cloud like. This cloud will grow, and if it develops in the way I’m hoping it will it will provide a great environment for information exploration. We should be in it.
  • What used to be separate data hidden away in databases now becomes a huge teeming mass of interactive data. And guess what – libraries have some of the best data ever created, and definitely have THE data about published resources. But libraries aren’t represented here – why not?
  • With some adjustment (ok a fair amount of adjustment), the data in library catalogs could connect with data in the cloud and you could ask questions and get answers: What makes good sense to humans isn’t necessarily sensible to machines and algorithms. If I want to say: give me all of the authors born between 1800 and 1830, I can’t do it with this data because birth data isn’t a data element, even though the information is there.
  • Lots of questions about this: see blog post

Getting Real With RDA Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Diane I. Hillmann Director of Metadata Initiatives Information Institute of Syracuse
  • 2. 4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association Library Data
  • 3.
    • Libraries are no longer the first place people come for information
      • The Internet has changed the way people (including us) behave when seeking information
      • Our former “granularity consensus” is coming apart
    • To compete effectively for user attention, we must:
      • Join the larger world of information, where our users are
      • Learn how the competition attracts users, draws them in, and takes good advantage of their interest in participating
      • Find a better balance between protecting privacy and capturing usage behavior
    4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association
  • 4. 4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association Type of Standard Old Standard New Standard(s)? Bibliographic Model None FRBR, FRBRoo Metadata Content AACR2 RDA Metadata Structure MARC21 Bibliographic RDVocab Name Authority MARC21 Authority FRAD Subject Authority MARC21 Authority FRASAR, SKOS Encoding MARC21 XML, XML/RDF
  • 5.
      • The comfortable certainties we know are coming undone, whether we’re ready or not
      • We have much experience and insight to offer the larger information world (but not everything we’ve learned is relevant)
      • We are collectively about the size of the Queen Mary, unable to turn on a dime—this change will take time
      • Resistance is futile—we are not in charge of this new world, and our options are two: adapt or retire
    4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association
  • 6.
    • Is RDA really going to happen?
      • Is it that different from AACR2?
      • What about MARC?
    • When will RDA be implemented? How will RDA be implemented?
    • How can we best prepare for all this?
    • What’s this Semantic Web thingy all about, and why do we care?
    4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association
  • 7. 4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association
  • 8.
    • RDA is a FRBR-based approach to structuring bibliographic data
    • It’s contains more explicitly machine-friendly linkages (preferably with URIs)
    • There’s more emphasis on relationships and roles …
    • … and less emphasis on cataloger-created notes and text strings (particularly for identification)
    • Also, there’s less transcription (important in an increasingly digital world)
    4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association
  • 9.
    • The Textual Guidance (successor to AACR2)
      • RDA Constituency Review has been completed, decisions about what will be included in the first release have been made
      • 2 nd quarter calendar 2009 – RDA content is finalized
      • 3 rd quarter calendar 2009 – RDA is released
      • 3 rd and 4 th quarters calendar 2009, possibly into 1 st quarter calendar 2010 – Testing by national libraries
      • 1 st and 2 nd quarters calendar 2010 – Analysis and evaluation of testing by national libraries
      • 3 rd -4 th quarters calendar 2010 – RDA implementation ?
    4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association
  • 10.
    • RDA Online will include the text and a number of tools
    • Pricing still not firm, but ALA Publishing is aware of the need for affordability
    • Among the free tools we should see:
      • Capability to create “sample records” using various flavors of RDA
      • XML Schemas to use with RDA data
      • RSS feeds to keep track of vocabulary changes
      • Ability to participate in discussion of changes in RDA vocabularies
    4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association
  • 11.
    • RDA elements, roles and vocabularies have been provisionally registered
      • The vocabularies and the text will be tied together in RDA Online
      • Maintenance of vocabularies will be via the Registry (no synchronization necessary)
    • Some efforts have begun to consider how MARC21 data can be parsed into FRBR entities and RDA
      • eXtensible Catalog Project moving strongly in this direction
      • Unfortunately, we don’t know what OCLC is planning
    • Discussions about long term maintenance of both RDA and the vocabularies have barely started
    • The push is already on for multi-language RDA Vocabularies
    4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association
  • 12.
    • DCMI/RDA Task Group
      • See: http://dublincore.org/dcmirdataskgroup/
      • Set up during the April 2007 London meeting between JSC and DCMI
      • Gordon Dunsire and Diane Hillmann, co-chairs
      • Karen Coyle & Alistair Miles, consultants
    • IFLA Classification and Indexing Section
      • Gordon Dunsire (Centre for Digital Library Research, University of Strathclyde) will be registering FRBR entities and relationships
      • Possible inclusion of ISBDs, FRAD, etc., in future
    4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association
  • 13. 4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association RDA Elements Listing 334!
  • 14. 4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association RDA Elements Listing 334! Base material
  • 15. 4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association Detail: Base Material
  • 16. 4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association Detail: Base Material URI
  • 17. 4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association RDA Roles Listing
  • 18. 4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association RDA Roles Listing Author
  • 19. 4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association Detail: RDA Role Author
  • 20. 4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association RDA WEMI Relationships
  • 21. 4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association Detail: RDA WEMI Relationship
  • 22. 4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association RDA Base Material Vocabulary
  • 23. 4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association RDA Base Material Vocabulary Skin
  • 24. 4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association RDA Base Material: Skin No definition?
  • 25.
    • From the DCMI/RDA Cataloger Scenarios
    4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association
  • 26. 4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association Jane Cataloger is assigned to work on a gift collection. Her first selection is a Latvian translation of Kurt Vonnegut's "Bluebeard: a novel." She searches the library database for the original work, and finds: * Author : Kurt Vonnegut * Title of the work : Bluebeard: a novel * Form of work : Novel * Original language of the work : English
  • 27. 4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association Translated to RDA/XML: Upgraded to RDA/XML with Links: < frbrWork ID= &quot;rda.basic/01”> <rdarole:author> Kurt Vonnegut </rdarole:author> <titleOfTheWork> Bluebeard: a novel </titleOfTheWork> <form OfWork> Novel </form OfWork> <originalLanguageOfTheWork> English <originalLanguageOfTheWork> </frbrWork> < frbrWork ID= &quot;rda.basic/01”> <rdarole:author> http://lcnaf.info/79062641 </rdarole:author> <titleOfTheWork> Bluebeard: a novel </titleOfTheWork> <form OfWork> http://RDVocab.info/genre/1008 </form OfWork> <originalLanguageOfTheWork> http://marclang.info/eng </> </frbrWork>
  • 28. 4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association with links to the following expression information : * Language of expression : English * Content type : Text and one manifestation : * Statement designating edition : 1st trade edition * Place of publication : New York * Publisher’s name : Delacorte Press * Date of publication : 1987 * Extent of text : 300 pages * Identifier for the manifestation : [ISBN]0385295901
  • 29. 4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association Translated to RDA/XML: Upgraded to RDA/XML with Links: < frbrExpression ID= &quot;rda.basic/07”> <contentType > Text </contentType > <languageOfExpression> English <languageOfExpression> </frbrExpression> < frbrExpression ID= &quot;rda.basic/07”> <form OfWork> http://RDVocab.info/termList/RDAContentType/1020 </ > <languageOfExpression> http://marclang.info/eng </> </frbrExpression>
  • 30. 4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association Translated to RDA/XML (with links below): < frbrManifestation ID= &quot;rda.basic/09”> <statementDesignatingEdition > 1st Trade Edition </ > <placeOfPublication> New York <placeOfPublication> <publishersName> Delacorte Press </publishersName> <dateOfPublication> 1987 </dateOfPublication> <extentOfText> 300 pages </extentOfText > <identifierForTheManifestation> [ISBN]0385295901 </> </frbrManifestation> < frbrManifestatiion ID= &quot;rda.basic/09”> <statementDesignatingEdition > 1st Trade Edition </ > <placeOfPublication> http://www.getty.edu/tgn/7007567 </> <publishersName> http://onixpub.info/2039987 </> <dateOfPublication> 1987 </dateOfPublication> <extentOfText> 300 pages </extentOfText > <identifierForTheManifestation> urn:ISBN:0385295901 </> </frbrManifestation>
  • 31. 4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association FRBR Group 1 Work Exp: eng Man: eng
  • 32. 4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association Jane begins her description by linking to the existing Work entity. She then creates an expression description: * Content type : text * Language of expression : Latvian * Translator : Grigulis, Arvīds She creates an authority record for the translator since none yet existed. She continues by creating a fuller description for the new manifestation, linking to the authority record for the Latvian publisher (what luck, it already existed!). * Title : [in Latvian] * Place of publication : Riga * Publisher’s name : Liesma * Date of publication : 1997 * Extent of Text : 315 pages
  • 33. 4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association Translated to RDA/XML: Upgraded to RDA/XML with Links: < frbrExpression ID= &quot;rda.basic/11”> <contentType > text </contentType > <languageOfExpression> Latvian <languageOfExpression> <rdarole:translator> Grigulis, Arvīds </rdarole:translator> </frbrExpression> < frbrExpression ID= &quot;rda.basic/11”> <form OfWork> http://RDVocab.info/termList/RDAContentType/1020 </ > <languageOfExpression> http://marclang.info/lav </> <rdarole:translator> http://lcnaf.info/83219993 </frbrExpression>
  • 34. 4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association Translated to RDA/XML (with links below): < frbrManifestation ID= &quot;rda.basic/09”> <title > [in Latvian] </ > <placeOfPublication> Riga <placeOfPublication> <publishersName> Liesma </publishersName> <dateOfPublication> 1997 </dateOfPublication> <extentOfText> 315 pages </extentOfText > </frbrManifestation> < frbrManifestatiion ID= &quot;rda.basic/09”> <placeOfPublication> http://www.getty.edu/tgn/7006484 </> <publishersName> http://onixpub.info/6770094 </> <dateOfPublication> 1997 </dateOfPublication> <extentOfText> 315 pages </extentOfText > </frbrManifestation>
  • 35. 4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association FRBR Group 1 Work Exp: eng Man: eng Exp: lav Man: lav
  • 36. 4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association FRBR Group 1 FRBR Group 2 Work Exp: eng Man: eng Exp: lav Man: lav Author Publisher Translator
  • 37. 4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association FRBR Group 1 FRBR Group 2 FRBR Group 3 Work Exp: eng Man: eng Exp: lav Man: lav Author Publisher Translator Subjects Concepts Objects Events Places
  • 38. 4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association FRBR Group 1 FRBR Group 2 FRBR Group 3 Work Exp: eng Man: eng Exp: lav Man: lav Author Publisher Translator Subjects Concepts Objects Events Places Content Vocabularies Media Vocabularies Other Information In the “Cloud” Relationship Vocabularies
  • 39.
    • Now that the revolution is upon us?
    4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association
  • 40.
    • We need to:
      • Make our data harvestable so that others can use it
      • Identify our data structures and vocabularies for use on the web
      • Make our data more “data-like” ( not so much for direct consumption by humans)
      • Make our systems more “cloud-like”
    4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association
  • 41. : Library Data 4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association
  • 42. 4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association Darwin, Charles, 1809-1882 family name fore name date birth date death What important world events happened during his lifetime? Who was writing on science at the same time? Show me a map of important places in his life What can you do with it?
  • 43.
    • Coordination with JSC (or it’s successor, given the need to move beyond “Anglo-American”) on long-term maintenance planning
      • We need a lightweight, more participatory process, where change is not a multi-year marathon
    • Continuing development towards a more Semantic web-friendly RDA (even less reliance on transcription, for instance)
    • Tool development (at all levels, including ILS vendors)
    4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association
  • 44.
    • The bad news: This isn’t like 1981, when there was a “start date” and we knew exactly when to change gears
    • More bad news: This transition is likely to be a pretty messy one, and last longer than we would like
    • One unknown is OCLC’s role—at present they seem to be focused on consolidating control over library data and promoting WorldCat as an ILS
    • The good news: library vendors are starting to wake up and smell the coffee!
    4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association
  • 45.
    • Testing what, exactly?
      • Attempting to determine whether RDA Online in its initial release offers sufficient benefit, compared to current methods, to achieve the objectives that the Joint Steering Committee for Development of RDA has stated for the proposed new cataloging code
      • Based on the analysis of the test results, and considering the cost of implementation, the three US national libraries will determine whether to implement the initial release of RDA
      • Not clear what a “no” recommendation might imply
    4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association
  • 46.
    • 20+ diverse test partners will create records, using a 20-25 item test set of resources
    • Each test partner will produce an RDA record and a record using its currently adopted cataloging code, e.g. AACR2, DACS, VRA, for each resource in the core test set (using different people)
    • Each record creator will fill out a questionnaire
    • The test partners will make available the records they create in this test to the Steering Committee for review and analysis
    4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association
  • 47.
    • Read, learn, question …
      • Keep an eye on the testing
      • Try out the RDA Tools (there may be a free period during the testing process)
      • Make some records, explore how they might work with non-traditional materials
      • Learn more about web technologies!
      • Play in the Registry Sandbox
        • ( http://sandbox.metadataregistry.org )
    • Push your colleagues and administrators to participate
    4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association
  • 48.
    • Thanks to Karen Coyle for the use of some of her slides, as well as many hours of stimulating conversation about these issues …
    • Thanks to Jon Phipps, Registry Developer, for keeping me honest
    • Contact info for Diane: [email_address]
    4/29/09 New Jersey Library Association