Education for all; Privateschools for all incomelevelsAn insight into SIS‟ sustainable andscalable schools in Indonesia
Presentation agendaInsight into Indonesia‟s education sectorInsight into SIS; present/futureInsight into the impact IFC...
IndonesiaStartling statistics: GeneralLargest school age population in the worldLowest Government spending on education&...
IndonesiaStartling statistics: Teachers50% primary & 63% secondary schoolteachers -minimum qualificationsTeachers low mo...
Education Standards inAsia 3.093.193.503.964.244.274.414.725.475.966.216.56- 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0IndonesiaVietnamTh...
Consequences- Poor foundation in early years in Maths and Science or a command of a workinglanguage reduces opportunity to...
Type of Schools International Schools“undeclared” 30% cap onIndonesians students Religious Schools – Islamic andChristia...
Insight into Public and Privateschools2.25 million private pre-schools VS 28,000pre-schools1.9 million private elementar...
Insight into Public and Privateschools Growing upper and middle income class prefer private schools Lower income prefer ...
Government’s Response Simplify and standardize national curriculum(competency based) BUT implementation sohampered by lac...
Concerns of Development Banks,Donor Community & Aid Agencies Schools be freed from corruption for max returns on loans &a...
Private sector’s hand in education; reality Religious schools; Mushrooming. Fertileground for radical teaching National ...
Singapore International School(Indonesia)The Background Founded in 1996 Assisted by H.E Edward Lee, then-Singapore‟sAmba...
Singapore International School(Indonesia)The Background School in N. Jakarta (20 students). Singapore embassy helped to ...
SIS in SouthJakarta
Singapore International School(Indonesia) More than 300 Indonesian students on waiting list for SIS (30%cap) Indonesian ...
SIS, Kebun Jeruk; pilot school 1(West Jakarta; 100 students)
SIS, Kelapa Gading; Pilot school 2;100 students
Singapore International School(Indonesia) Results: Excellent. Student performance improveddramatically Approached World ...
IFC Press releaseIFC’s Supports School in First Indonesian Education LoanJakarta, June 23, 2004—The International Finance ...
IFC (member of the World Bank Group) Senior Investment Staff and Education ExpertsVisit SIS schools
Re-branding Exercise SIS - Singapore International SchoolDifferent license (International School) SIS - Singapore Indon...
SIS SchoolsSingapore International SchoolSingapore School, Location(affiliated to Singapore International School)
LOCATIONS:8 campuses – Jakarta: South (Bona Vista),North-West (Kebun Jeruk), North-East (KelapaGading), North (Pantai Ind...
Locations SISIn JakartaExcludesMedan, Cilegon,Bandung andSemarang
SIS in SouthJakarta
SIS, PIK (North Jakarta)
SIS, PIK (Performed beyond expectationswhen it opened its doors in 2005)
SIS, Pantai Indah Kapuk (phase 2 - 2008);North Jakarta’s Secondary school and JuniorCollege wing
SIS KGThe new SIS KG (N. east) - artist’s impression
The new SIS KG (n. east) - Dream comes true. SIS’ largest school in terms of land space:
SIS, Kebun Jeruk (west Jakarta) ; Pilot School 1 -Planned move 2007 to bigger premises in K. Jeruk
SIS, Cilegon
SIS, Semarang
SIS, Medan (North Sumatra) - More than 550 studentsin temporary premises
SIS, Medan (opening doors at new campus in 2007)
SIS, Medan
SIS BANDUNG – Opening July 2007
SIS Bandung – Another view.Opening July 2007
Our ProgramNursery, Pre-School (Kindergarten), Primary(Grade 1-6), Secondary (Grades 7-10), Pre-University (Grades 11-12)...
SISEssential qualities of a SIS student Respect for the host or home country and the familyunit Willingness to serve the...
Pictorial walk into SISschools
Outdoor Activities
Children’sDay
Robotics
Sports
Music & Drama
1st Graduation Ceremony in Medan
Field Trips
Leadership Camps
Appreciationof a cosmopolitan world“UN-Day”
SISManagement and Control…….we are not a franchise Same Board of Governors and Board of Directors providingcommon vision ...
SISManagement and Control In-House Consultants External Consultants (ProfessorGopinathan from NIE) Technical Assistance...
SISControls and AppraisalsIndependent Appraisals2002- (0nce every 4 years) SIS Whole school Appraisal - a 6-month appraisa...
SISControl and Transparency
International accreditationand certificatesSIS schools are registered Cambridgecentres
Primary 6Cambridge International Primary Achievement TestResults
ENGLISH0%10%20%30%40%50%60%Very Poor Poor LowAverageHighAverageVery Good ExcellentScore CategoryFrequencyOur school perfor...
Secondary 2Cambridge International Checkpoint TestResults
Mathematics- Overall0%5%10%15%20%25%30%35%40%45%50%very poor poor OK, butbelowaveragegood(aboutaverage)very good excellent...
CONGRATULATIONS to:Nursyafiqah bte M. Ikhbal (Singaporean)Hyoe Hyun Choi (Korean)Fernando Yaputra (Indonesian)Da Sol Lee (...
Plus SIS Bandung in 2007 -Almost 3000 students!0100200300400500600BV KG PIK Mdn Smg Cil KJStudents
SIS “Halfees fees” project;a vision reaching reality Jak Int‟l School/Brit Int‟l School (embassy started schools) -US$15,...
SIS “Halfees fees” project;a vision reaching realityNext Phase: Schools for lower income groups SIS ? (US$1500-1000 with ...
The Future Permanent location for Singapore International School(R&D and operational hub) Permanent location for SIS Med...
SIS-Medan; InsightSIS Medan - 500 students to move to newcampusProblems; Low fees (US$2500), Tsunamiaftermath (Lost land...
SIS-IFC partnership;Immediate Impact SIS BV - US$1 million; infra-structure upgrading, allowing therelease of funds for R...
SIS-IFC partnership; LongTerm ImpactLong term impact• Impetus for 33 Nat Plus Schools planned forupper and middle income ...
Role IFC can play Engage seriously to help Indonesian‟s education sector; shocking statisticsshown earlier will only get ...
SIS .…our strengthsTrack-record (market leader in Indonesia)Credibility (IFC partner, Salim Group, SinarMas, Gleneagles ...
SIS .…our strengths Grasped educational psyche of the growing upperand middle class niche in developing countries A valu...
SIS KGSIS, KG concept in 2004:SIS, KG concept in 2004:
SIS IFC (16 nov 06)
SIS IFC (16 nov 06)
SIS IFC (16 nov 06)
SIS IFC (16 nov 06)
SIS IFC (16 nov 06)
SIS IFC (16 nov 06)
SIS IFC (16 nov 06)
SIS IFC (16 nov 06)
SIS IFC (16 nov 06)
SIS IFC (16 nov 06)
SIS IFC (16 nov 06)
SIS IFC (16 nov 06)
SIS IFC (16 nov 06)
SIS IFC (16 nov 06)
SIS IFC (16 nov 06)
SIS IFC (16 nov 06)
SIS IFC (16 nov 06)
SIS IFC (16 nov 06)
SIS IFC (16 nov 06)
SIS IFC (16 nov 06)
SIS IFC (16 nov 06)
SIS IFC (16 nov 06)
SIS IFC (16 nov 06)
SIS IFC (16 nov 06)
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

SIS IFC (16 nov 06)

550 views
289 views

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
550
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
6
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
7
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

SIS IFC (16 nov 06)

  1. 1. Education for all; Privateschools for all incomelevelsAn insight into SIS‟ sustainable andscalable schools in Indonesia
  2. 2. Presentation agendaInsight into Indonesia‟s education sectorInsight into SIS; present/futureInsight into the impact IFC had on SISFurther role IFC can playQ&A
  3. 3. IndonesiaStartling statistics: GeneralLargest school age population in the worldLowest Government spending on education& highest drop-outs in S.E Asia (behindLaos and Vietnam)30% of 12-15 year olds make it tosecondary schoolsAfter the financial crisis in Asia, 40,000dropped out of elementary schoolsSchools riddled with corruption
  4. 4. IndonesiaStartling statistics: Teachers50% primary & 63% secondary schoolteachers -minimum qualificationsTeachers low motivation. 80% take onother jobs. Absenteeism. Little/No trainingPoor teaching methodologies; rotelearning, little development of criticalthinking skillsNeed 500,000 trained teachers
  5. 5. Education Standards inAsia 3.093.193.503.964.244.274.414.725.475.966.216.56- 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0IndonesiaVietnamThailandPhilippinesHong KongMalaysiaChinaIndiaTaiwanJapanSingaporeSouth KoreaThe following graph illustrates that Indonesia is ranked as having the poorest qualityeducation system of the 12 Asian countries surveyed:0 being best and 10 being worst(Source: HK based PERC survey 2001)
  6. 6. Consequences- Poor foundation in early years in Maths and Science or a command of a workinglanguage reduces opportunity to enjoy higher education- Growing pool of unskilled students and no confidence (44% in a 2001 World banksurvey said student achievement in schools have decreased after financial crisis)- Investments head to higher learning institutions- Those who can afford move out of provinces/go overseas creating economic woes- Brain drain (not coming back)- Domino effect – physically handicapped ignored- “Prey institutions” flourish = radical religious schoolsstart to mushroom
  7. 7. Type of Schools International Schools“undeclared” 30% cap onIndonesians students Religious Schools – Islamic andChristian National Schools – Public/State schools National Plus Schools“ Private schools”
  8. 8. Insight into Public and Privateschools2.25 million private pre-schools VS 28,000pre-schools1.9 million private elementary schools + 3million Islamic elementary schools VS 24million public elementary schools
  9. 9. Insight into Public and Privateschools Growing upper and middle income class prefer private schools Lower income prefer private schools; 85% of the low income attendIslamic schools (privately run); enrollment up 7% a year 20% of all Indonesian school children attend madrasahs Mushrooming of private schools; Cheap private schools schools noguarantee on quality. Fertile ground for radical religious schools aiminglower income groups
  10. 10. Government’s Response Simplify and standardize national curriculum(competency based) BUT implementation sohampered by lack of training andsupervision Central government‟s transfer of authorityfor national education to regionalgovernment BUT patchy and confused (whois responsible for training)….local budgetsmore for immediate impact programs Work with international sponsors, donorcommunities, agencies and institutions likeADB, WB, IFC etc BUT these institutionshave their concerns and limitations Promote and encourage private sectorparticipation in education in Indonesia
  11. 11. Concerns of Development Banks,Donor Community & Aid Agencies Schools be freed from corruption for max returns on loans &aid grants? Pte schools for middle and upper income; Supervision? R&Dfor improvement? Quality? Pte schools for lower income; Sustainable? Scalable? Teacher training; Usual route; improve quality by spendingmillions on teacher training only to be put back into samerigid structure. Teachers go back to preferred systems once aidmissions move on
  12. 12. Private sector’s hand in education; reality Religious schools; Mushrooming. Fertileground for radical teaching National Plus Schools;Education has become a businessOwners (dubious, money laundering,no long term vision)Teacher hijacking and unethicalmarketing practicesNo independent checks
  13. 13. Singapore International School(Indonesia)The Background Founded in 1996 Assisted by H.E Edward Lee, then-Singapore‟sAmbassador to Indonesia Encouragement from then-Deputy Prime Minister ofSingapore, Dr Tony Tan and then-Singapore‟sMinister of Education Teo Chee Hean Set up by educationists from Singapore‟s premierschool Raffles Institution (RI)….Secondment of Vice-Principal from RI to SIS.
  14. 14. Singapore International School(Indonesia)The Background School in N. Jakarta (20 students). Singapore embassy helped to raise grants. Moved to South.Muscled out Moved again to Bona Vista complex, struggling real estate.Finished off un-finished club-house and moved in 2002 (250students) Now more than 400 students from 35 different nationalities in amodern campus & Brought Life to the Real estate
  15. 15. SIS in SouthJakarta
  16. 16. Singapore International School(Indonesia) More than 300 Indonesian students on waiting list for SIS (30%cap) Indonesian students already in SIS struggled because ofbackground and language Decision: 2 pilot schools for Indonesian students; Kebun Jerukand Kelapa Gading - under SIS umbrella but called “SingaporeIndonesian School” Spent 18 months on two pilot schools; Kelapa Gading andKebun Jeruk (both in Jakarta) Researched, designed and developed a unique SIS curriculum(modeled after the Singapore curriculum)
  17. 17. SIS, Kebun Jeruk; pilot school 1(West Jakarta; 100 students)
  18. 18. SIS, Kelapa Gading; Pilot school 2;100 students
  19. 19. Singapore International School(Indonesia) Results: Excellent. Student performance improveddramatically Approached World Bank who linked us to theInternational Finance Corporation (member of theWorld Bank Group) Due diligence of schools, systems, curriculum,standards, philosophies and background IFC/World Bank agreed to support SIS to bringquality education to Indonesia Roll-out schools (2003) in upper and middle incomecatchment areasLoans from IFC(member of World Bank group)/CommercialbanksPure management using SIS brand name
  20. 20. IFC Press releaseIFC’s Supports School in First Indonesian Education LoanJakarta, June 23, 2004—The International Finance Corporation, the privatesector arm of the World Bank Group, today agreed to provide loans tosupport three new pre-primary, primary, and secondary National Plus (NP)schools and one existing school in major cities on Java and Sumatraislands. The project will construct two new NP schools and open anotheron leased premises. The loan will also support the expansion of theSingapore International School (SIS) in Jakarta.…….. “This project will extend access to high-quality primary and secondaryeducation in Indonesia. It will provide direct benefits to students whileproviding a model for educators and teachers that can be used nationally tofurther expand educational opportunity” said IFC East Asia RegionalDirector Javed Hamid.………………The project is sponsored by the founders of SIS, which provideshigh-quality education modeled after the Singaporean curriculum. Theschool has grown gradually to about 400 students from kindergarten throughthe first year of secondary school. It occupies leased premises in theJakarta neighborhood of Bona Vista.Guy Ellena, IFC Director for Health and Education, said, “This project willprovide a good education for students, and also provide teacher training,curriculum development and advanced educational methods that willultimately benefit surrounding communities and Indonesia as whole.”
  21. 21. IFC (member of the World Bank Group) Senior Investment Staff and Education ExpertsVisit SIS schools
  22. 22. Re-branding Exercise SIS - Singapore International SchoolDifferent license (International School) SIS - Singapore Indonesian School (for growing middle-upperincome group)Different license (National Plus School)• “We do not like the word Indonesian in your school!”REBRANDING EXERCISESIS - Singapore School (the silent „I‟)like…….SIA - Singapore Airlines
  23. 23. SIS SchoolsSingapore International SchoolSingapore School, Location(affiliated to Singapore International School)
  24. 24. LOCATIONS:8 campuses – Jakarta: South (Bona Vista),North-West (Kebun Jeruk), North-East (KelapaGading), North (Pantai Indah Kapuk), Cilegon,Medan, Semarang and BandungStudent population: Almost 3,000 students.Teachers almost 300 expats and almost samenumber localsSIS present aim: 1 iconic SIS school in each ofthe Indonesian provinces - 33!
  25. 25. Locations SISIn JakartaExcludesMedan, Cilegon,Bandung andSemarang
  26. 26. SIS in SouthJakarta
  27. 27. SIS, PIK (North Jakarta)
  28. 28. SIS, PIK (Performed beyond expectationswhen it opened its doors in 2005)
  29. 29. SIS, Pantai Indah Kapuk (phase 2 - 2008);North Jakarta’s Secondary school and JuniorCollege wing
  30. 30. SIS KGThe new SIS KG (N. east) - artist’s impression
  31. 31. The new SIS KG (n. east) - Dream comes true. SIS’ largest school in terms of land space:
  32. 32. SIS, Kebun Jeruk (west Jakarta) ; Pilot School 1 -Planned move 2007 to bigger premises in K. Jeruk
  33. 33. SIS, Cilegon
  34. 34. SIS, Semarang
  35. 35. SIS, Medan (North Sumatra) - More than 550 studentsin temporary premises
  36. 36. SIS, Medan (opening doors at new campus in 2007)
  37. 37. SIS, Medan
  38. 38. SIS BANDUNG – Opening July 2007
  39. 39. SIS Bandung – Another view.Opening July 2007
  40. 40. Our ProgramNursery, Pre-School (Kindergarten), Primary(Grade 1-6), Secondary (Grades 7-10), Pre-University (Grades 11-12)International Cambridge examinations at Pr 6(Gr 6), Sec 2 (Gr 8), Sec 4 (Gr 10), Pre-University 2 (Gr 12 for entrance toUniversities)
  41. 41. SISEssential qualities of a SIS student Respect for the host or home country and the familyunit Willingness to serve the interest of the largercommunity High regard and thirst for a holistic education Understanding and embracing the InformationTechnology (IT) around us Personal integrity and discipline Appreciation of a multicultural and multi-religiousworld Appreciation of the environment within which we live
  42. 42. Pictorial walk into SISschools
  43. 43. Outdoor Activities
  44. 44. Children’sDay
  45. 45. Robotics
  46. 46. Sports
  47. 47. Music & Drama
  48. 48. 1st Graduation Ceremony in Medan
  49. 49. Field Trips
  50. 50. Leadership Camps
  51. 51. Appreciationof a cosmopolitan world“UN-Day”
  52. 52. SISManagement and Control…….we are not a franchise Same Board of Governors and Board of Directors providingcommon vision and policies Same quality educationists with international teachingexperience with career path for teachers Common Examinations, policies and systems Network that allows sharing (eg.Successful teachingapproaches, Concerns, Meeting minutes etc.) Monthly SIS-wide meetings (Board with Principals, Principalsand Vice-Principals, Dept Heads, Administrators) Systems that groom leaders Common calendar of events Good governance and security
  53. 53. SISManagement and Control In-House Consultants External Consultants (ProfessorGopinathan from NIE) Technical Assistance (RI, IFC)
  54. 54. SISControls and AppraisalsIndependent Appraisals2002- (0nce every 4 years) SIS Whole school Appraisal - a 6-month appraisal, senior members of NIE concluded:“SIS is indeed comparable to the top schools in Singapore in terms ofteaching standards and pupil‟s performance”2006 - (Yearly) SIS Subject Appraisal - Independent appraisal of theChinese Language department (conducted by Dr Chua Chee Lay (NIEsub-Dean and tutor of Mr Lee Kuan Yew, Mr Lee Choi Lan (NIE) andMadam Wong Lee Er (mandarin teacher trainer from Singapore)“SIS standards same as some of the top schools in Singapore…highstandards of Chinese.”
  55. 55. SISControl and Transparency
  56. 56. International accreditationand certificatesSIS schools are registered Cambridgecentres
  57. 57. Primary 6Cambridge International Primary Achievement TestResults
  58. 58. ENGLISH0%10%20%30%40%50%60%Very Poor Poor LowAverageHighAverageVery Good ExcellentScore CategoryFrequencyOur school performedexceptionally well in English. 97%of the students achieved scoresthat fell in the ‘High Average’category and above.English:
  59. 59. Secondary 2Cambridge International Checkpoint TestResults
  60. 60. Mathematics- Overall0%5%10%15%20%25%30%35%40%45%50%very poor poor OK, butbelowaveragegood(aboutaverage)very good excellentScore CategoryFrequencyIn Mathematics we did exceptionallywell (5.1).Nearly 90% of our students received‘above average’ scores; (20%)achieved the highest possible scoreof 6, meaning they scored higherthan more than 90% of candidatesworldwide.We are therefore encouraged thatour approach to Mathematics forboth English and ESOL students isgood.Mathematics:
  61. 61. CONGRATULATIONS to:Nursyafiqah bte M. Ikhbal (Singaporean)Hyoe Hyun Choi (Korean)Fernando Yaputra (Indonesian)Da Sol Lee (Korean)Victor Brebenar (Romanian)….. for a perfect score in Mathematics in the Cambridge Secondary 2 International CheckpointExamination conducted by Cambridge, UK.The average score of our Secondary 2 students ranked SIS amongst the top in the world inMathematics.Students who were in SIS for more than 2 years also performed above expectations in Englishand Science.Our Students performed exceptionally well in Mathematics. More than 90%were above the Cambridge ‘Mean Rank or Better’ mark. Out of this group,40% achieved ‘Very Good Rank’ mark and 46% achieved the ‘ExcellentRank’ mark.For English more than 80% of our students were above the ‘Mean Rank or Better’ mark. Out of this group23% achieved ‘Very Good Rank’ mark.In Science their achievement was equally encouraging. 89% were above ‘Mean Rank or Better’ mark. Outof this group 34% achieved ‘Very Good Rank’ mark.We are proud of each and every one of them and use this opportunity to extend our Congratulations!KOMPAS andThe Jakarta Post(November 15, 2005)
  62. 62. Plus SIS Bandung in 2007 -Almost 3000 students!0100200300400500600BV KG PIK Mdn Smg Cil KJStudents
  63. 63. SIS “Halfees fees” project;a vision reaching reality Jak Int‟l School/Brit Int‟l School (embassy started schools) -US$15,000 (Caucasian teachers with massively impressivefacilities)Schools upper and middle income groups SIS BV - US$8000 (Mixed expats with impressive facilities) SIS PIK/KG/KJ - US$4000-5000 (Majority Filipino with facilities) SIS Medan, Semarang - US$2700-3000These are proven sustainable and scalable models!!Target is one school with appropriate fees in eachIndonesian Province for growing upper and middleincome level
  64. 64. SIS “Halfees fees” project;a vision reaching realityNext Phase: Schools for lower income groups SIS ? (US$1500-1000 with modest facilities) - Localteachers, different market - different SIS brand name SIS ? (US$1000-500) with modest facilities) - theultimate aim, different market - different SIS brandnameHow?; Same way we did the National Plus schools 3 Pilot schools; focus on curriculum,social and cultural issues Under the SIS umbrella; credibility,control, supervision, training and R&D Sustainable and scalable; using local trained (SIS) teachersWhen?
  65. 65. The Future Permanent location for Singapore International School(R&D and operational hub) Permanent location for SIS Medan & SIS KJ Continue to roll-out schools for upper and middleincome Launch pilot schools for lower income; roll-outthereafter (different brand name but under the SISumbrella and supervision) Offer SIS infra-structure in a public-private initiative forteacher training; 1-1 mentor scheme (Consumer: SISlower income schools + national schools)
  66. 66. SIS-Medan; InsightSIS Medan - 500 students to move to newcampusProblems; Low fees (US$2500), Tsunamiaftermath (Lost land), Construction prices up,Location of new land 20 mins away Solutions; Did not draw down as fees wereslowly increased while maintaining standards,Land Equity, Gradual Fees increase of fees(US$2500 to US$2700 to US$3000)
  67. 67. SIS-IFC partnership;Immediate Impact SIS BV - US$1 million; infra-structure upgrading, allowing therelease of funds for R&D development National Plus SchoolsImmediate Impact - 8 Nat Plus Schools rolled out with 3000students– Total of US$45million a year remains in Indonesia,otherwise students would be in Singapore(US$15,000 per student)– Credibility– Prevent Brain-drain to some extent– Allowed us to position BV as the anchor of the NatPlus Schools– Concerns for BV - Rent, Facilities, Construction nextdoor
  68. 68. SIS-IFC partnership; LongTerm ImpactLong term impact• Impetus for 33 Nat Plus Schools planned forupper and middle income groups (one in eachprovince)• Impetus for next phase of Halfees Project ;schools for lower income• Impetus of public-private teacher traininginitiative
  69. 69. Role IFC can play Engage seriously to help Indonesian‟s education sector; shocking statisticsshown earlier will only get worse Consider a strategic partnership to help us fulfil the “one school in eachprovince” vision; law supports this. Branch objectives; Potential enormous(1-2 adoption) Software; R&D; Curriculum development and teacher training Support SIS schools where commercial banks shy away (lower fees) Look at schools with a different eye (interest rates, strict collateral stand,legal fees) Continue to provide technical assistance (annual visits very useful).Investment officer/education expert & local Jkt office extremely helpful Introduce other agencies/financial instruments to our Halfees and public-private teacher training project Publicity
  70. 70. SIS .…our strengthsTrack-record (market leader in Indonesia)Credibility (IFC partner, Salim Group, SinarMas, Gleneagles Medan, NISP as lenders, etc)SIS tested systems in place providing fairreturns to investors and lendersAbility to mobilize people, experts (NIE, RI,STU, international educationists, etc)
  71. 71. SIS .…our strengths Grasped educational psyche of the growing upperand middle class niche in developing countries A valuable arm to the less fortunate and governmentwith our infra-structure and management expertise Only organization in Indonesia that providessustainable and scalable models for formal schoolingat various income levels through well thought ofstep-by-step approach
  72. 72. SIS KGSIS, KG concept in 2004:SIS, KG concept in 2004:

×