Chapter 3 presentation


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Chapter 3 presentation

  1. 1. Chapter 3 The Integumentary System
  2. 2. IntegumentarySystem is consists of: <ul><li>Skin </li></ul><ul><li>Nails </li></ul><ul><li>Hair </li></ul><ul><li>Glands </li></ul>Largest and most visible organ of the body. protects the distal phalanx, the fingertip, and the surrounding soft tissues from injuries. help us keep warm Sebaceous glands - microscopic glands in the skin which secrete an oily/waxy matter, called sebum , to lubricate the skin and hair. Sweat glands also referred to as sudoriferous glands- found under the skin, that are used for body temperature regulation.
  3. 3. Dermatologist <ul><li>Is a doctor who specializes in the physiology and pathology of the skin. </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as the skin doctor. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Dermatitis <ul><li>Inflammation of the skin, either due to direct contact with an irritating substance, or to an allergic reaction. </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms of dermatitis include redness, itching, and in some cases blistering. </li></ul>People who suffer from dermatitis must identify and avoid substances that cause attacks. During attacks they may use topical treatments, such as steroid creams.
  5. 5. Melanoma <ul><li>Melanoma is the most dangerous type of skin cancer. It is the leading cause of death from skin disease. </li></ul>The primary symptom of any skin cancer is usually a mole, sore, lump, or growth on the skin. Any change in appearance of a pigmented skin sore over time is a warning sign. Also, watch for any bleeding from a skin growth.
  6. 6. <ul><li>Protect yourself from the sunlight's damaging ultraviolet rays. This includes the following: </li></ul><ul><li>Apply a sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher, every day (during winter months as well) </li></ul><ul><li>Wear protective clothing, including a hat and sunglasses </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid lying in the sun or using tanning devices </li></ul><ul><li>Minimize sun exposure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Especially during the summer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Particularly between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m. </li></ul></ul>When to contact a doctor Call your health care provider if you notice any symptoms of melanoma, particularly the following: If any existing skin growth changes in color, size, or texture If an existing lesion develops pain, swelling, bleeding, or itching
  7. 7. Onychectomy <ul><li>Surgical removal of a toenail or fingernail. </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as declawing. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Erythroderma <ul><li>Erythroderma is the term used to describe intense and usually widespread reddening of the skin due to inflammatory skin disease. </li></ul><ul><li>It often precedes or is associated with exfoliation (skin peeling off in scales or layers) when it may also be known as exfoliative dermatitis (ED). </li></ul><ul><li>It is sometimes called the ‘red man syndrome’ when no primary cause can be found (idiopathic erythroderma) </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Erythroderma can arise from a variety of causes, most often as an extension of a pre-existing skin disorder. </li></ul><ul><li>Erythroderma may also be due to an adverse drug reaction. </li></ul><ul><li>However, in as many as 30% of all cases of erythroderma, no underlying cause can be found. This is called idiopathic erythroderma. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Bibliography <ul><li>Wikipedia. Online encyclopedia </li></ul><ul><li>Dermnet NZ </li></ul><ul><li>Merriam-Webster Dictionary </li></ul>