University of Peshawer
Forms of dermatitis
What is Eczema?
Eczema is derived from Greek word “Ekzein”
which means “to boil out”.
Also called as Dermatitis
Derma means Skin
-itis means inflammation
Eczema is a term of medical conditions
that causes the skin to become irritated
Its a chronic & non contagious disease.
The basic cause of eczema is overactive
response by body’s immune system
towards harmless substance.
Reduced oiling (lipid) barrier of skin,
allowing moisture out and germs in.
Types of Eczema:
It is caused by exposure of irritant to the
It is a hereditary allergy
characterized by symptoms
produced on open exposure to
the environmental antigen.
60% of children with atopic
eczema have one parent with the
If both parents have the
condition then children run on
80% risk of developing eczema.
Approximately 90% of atopic
eczema cases start before the age
Soaps and detergents
Certain plants such as poison ivy
Cold and dry air
Environmental causes like house dust mites,
heat, pollen, pet fur etc
Dry and sensitive skin
Rough leathery patches
Change in infected skin color
Commonly Affected Body Parts
Hands & wrists
Feet & ankles
Back of knees
Inside & back of ear
Creams and ointments
are used to lessen inflammation
Antihistamines used to lessen sever itching
Avoid sudden changes in temperature or humidity.
Avoid scratchy materials, such as wool.
Avoid harsh soaps, detergents, and solvents.
Be aware of any foods that may cause an outbreak and
avoid those foods.
Research paper by researchers of Oregon State University
on cause of Atopic Eczema, published on Dec 21, 2012.
Article on Probiotics for the Prevention of Childhood
Eczema , Natural Medicine, 2011 May
Article on Eczema, skin disease, written by Christian Nordqvist Oct
04, 2004; last updated Feb 21, 2013