Eczema- A Chronic Skin Disease

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Eczema- A Chronic Skin Disease

  1. 1. ECZEMA (Dermatitis) Presented By FARYAL SALEEMI BATCH IX University of Peshawer
  2. 2. Content: Introduction Forms of dermatitis Symptoms Causes Treatment
  3. 3. What is Eczema?  Eczema is derived from Greek word “Ekzein” which means “to boil out”.  Also called as Dermatitis Derma means Skin -itis means inflammation
  4. 4. Eczema: Eczema is a term of medical conditions that causes the skin to become irritated or inflamed. Its a chronic & non contagious disease.
  5. 5. Causes: The basic cause of eczema is overactive response by body’s immune system towards harmless substance. Reduced oiling (lipid) barrier of skin, allowing moisture out and germs in. Genetic makeup
  6. 6. Types of Eczema: Contact Eczema Atopic Eczema Contact Eczema: It is caused by exposure of irritant to the skin, repeatedly.
  7. 7. Atopic Eczema:  It is a hereditary allergy characterized by symptoms produced on open exposure to the environmental antigen.  60% of children with atopic eczema have one parent with the same condition.  If both parents have the condition then children run on 80% risk of developing eczema.  Approximately 90% of atopic eczema cases start before the age of 5.
  8. 8. Casual Factors:  Soaps and detergents  Household chemicals  Nickel  Cosmetics  Certain plants such as poison ivy  Cold and dry air  Genetic factor  Environmental causes like house dust mites, heat, pollen, pet fur etc
  9. 9. Symptoms  Itching.  Scaling.  Redness.  Fluid-filled blisters.  Cracking.
  10. 10. Dry and sensitive skin Recurring rash Rough leathery patches Swelling Change in infected skin color
  11. 11. Commonly Affected Body Parts  Face  Neck  Scalp  Hands & wrists  Feet & ankles  Inner elbows  Back of knees  Fore arm  Legs  Inside & back of ear
  12. 12. Treatment: Creams and ointments containing corticosteroids are used to lessen inflammation Antihistamines used to lessen sever itching drug cyclosporine Phototherapy
  13. 13. Self Care:  Moisturize frequently  Avoid Scratching  Avoid sudden changes in temperature or humidity.  Reduce stress.  Avoid scratchy materials, such as wool.  Avoid harsh soaps, detergents, and solvents.  Be aware of any foods that may cause an outbreak and avoid those foods.
  14. 14. References:  Research paper by researchers of Oregon State University on cause of Atopic Eczema, published on Dec 21, 2012.  Article on Probiotics for the Prevention of Childhood Eczema , Natural Medicine, 2011 May  http://www.britishskinfoundation.org.uk/SkinInformation/AtoZ ofSkindisease/Eczema.aspxDec7,2013  http://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and- treatments/eczema/types-of-eczema?page=2  Article on Eczema, skin disease, written by Christian Nordqvist Oct 04, 2004; last updated Feb 21, 2013 http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/14417.php
  15. 15. Thanks For your Attention

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