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Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness
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Catherine O'Brien - Children's Mobility & Sustainable Happiness

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Catherine O'Brien links children's mobility, sustainable happiness with active transportation, healthy communities, environmental sustainability, travel to and from school and our children'sl health …

Catherine O'Brien links children's mobility, sustainable happiness with active transportation, healthy communities, environmental sustainability, travel to and from school and our children'sl health and well being. Catherine's presentation at HCHS supported the critical need to teach and support sustainable happiness in our schools.

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  • 1. Sustainable Happiness and Children’s Mobility Catherine O’Brien, PhD School of Graduate and Professional Studies Education Department,Cape Breton University
  • 2. Delightful Places <ul><ul><ul><li>“ Delightful places are best incorporated into routine experiences and not once in a while places to enjoy. Relaxation in a city needs to be almost like routine treatments – once a year is helpful but not lasting. A little pleasantness almost every day starts to have a cumulative and positive effect .” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Respondent’s comments, 2005 Delightful Places Survey </li></ul>
  • 3. Top Ten Descriptions of Delightful Places <ul><li>A pleasure to walk through </li></ul><ul><li>Peaceful </li></ul><ul><li>Beautiful </li></ul><ul><li>Appealing for children </li></ul><ul><li>Lots of visible green space </li></ul><ul><li>Appealing for youth </li></ul><ul><li>Appealing for seniors </li></ul><ul><li>Welcoming </li></ul><ul><li>Natural </li></ul><ul><li>A pleasure to ride a bicycle through/in </li></ul>
  • 4. Sounds of Delightful Places <ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>The wind </li></ul><ul><li>Silence </li></ul><ul><li>People talking, and </li></ul><ul><li>Birds </li></ul><ul><li>Also… deer, butterflies, dogs, ferry </li></ul><ul><li>boats, fish splashing, frogs, and whales </li></ul>
  • 5. Activities Associated with Delightful Places <ul><li>80% of our respondents said RELAXING . </li></ul>
  • 6. Activities Associated with Delightful Places <ul><li>Next came … </li></ul><ul><li>exercise, nature watching, people watching, eating and drinking, and meeting people. Some specific activities were named such as cycling, camping, canoeing, gardening, hiking, swimming, napping, thinking, and walking. </li></ul>
  • 7. Smells of Delightful Places <ul><li>the earth, water, flowers, and food. </li></ul><ul><li>the scent of pine trees, </li></ul><ul><li>chocolate, seaweed, </li></ul><ul><li>fresh air, </li></ul><ul><li>eucalyptus trees, </li></ul><ul><li>freshly cut grass, </li></ul><ul><li>sweat from other cyclists! </li></ul>
  • 8. Feelings Associated with Delightful Places <ul><li>83% of our respondents said RELAXED . </li></ul>
  • 9. How do you feel in a Delightful Place? <ul><li>I feel relaxed – 83% </li></ul><ul><li>I feel more connected to myself – 65.6% </li></ul><ul><li>I feel connected to nature – 63% </li></ul><ul><li>I feel energized – 61.6% </li></ul><ul><li>I feel safe – 58% </li></ul><ul><li>I feel at home – 55.7% </li></ul><ul><li>I feel connected with other people – 50% </li></ul><ul><li>I feel connected to a spiritual essence – 39% </li></ul>
  • 10. How to create a Delightful Place? <ul><li> </li></ul>“ Provide more cycling/walking trails in other natural areas close to cities.”
  • 11. How to create a Delightful Place? <ul><li> </li></ul>“ The ocean is the ocean. You can’t create it!”
  • 12. How would you describe a Delightful Place? <ul><ul><ul><li>“ A delightful place is an area/place you return to over and over and always leave with a smile and a sense of connecting with something bigger than you.” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 13. How Would you Describe a Delightful Place? <ul><ul><ul><li>“ An ability to return to this place in one’s mind and find an inner peace, even when one is many, many miles away.” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 14. How Would you Describe a Delightful Place? <ul><ul><ul><li>“ A place where I can’t stop smiling.” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 15. <ul><ul><ul><li>“ The best part was walking in the hard rain. I walked with a friend and saw some worms and birds” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(5 year old students on IWALK ) </li></ul></ul></ul>We walk to school because… “ We can stop and say hello to a kitty or a pup and sing along with the birds.”
  • 16. <ul><ul><ul><li>“ I walked with a friend and saw some worms and birds.” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(5 year old students on IWALK ) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 17. <ul><li>“ Walking and talking with my dad was the best bit. We saw two slugs with no homes, but they still had their aerials, and someone had dropped their apple from their packed lunch. I wish my dad could walk with me all the time.” </li></ul>
  • 18. Sustainable Happiness <ul><li> “ Sustainable happiness is happiness that contributes to individual, community and/or global well-being and does not exploit other people, the environment or future generations.” (O’Brien) </li></ul>
  • 19. Day-to-Day Sustainable Happiness <ul><li>Choices related to what we eat and drink </li></ul><ul><li>How we transport ourselves </li></ul><ul><li>What we wear </li></ul><ul><li>How we relate to one another </li></ul>
  • 20. Sustainable Happiness! Source:  From the &quot;Active and Safe Routes to School Manitoba Clean Air Day Poster Design Competition 2009,” Resource Conservation Manitoba
  • 21. Research on Happiness <ul><li>What can we learn from happy people? </li></ul><ul><li>Can we increase happiness? </li></ul><ul><li>Can we teach happiness? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the benefits of happiness? </li></ul>
  • 22. Happiness and Health <ul><li>Happiness is a good indicator of health and longevity </li></ul><ul><li>Positive well-being is related to faster recovery from surgery </li></ul><ul><li>Seligman, M. (2002) Authentic happiness </li></ul>
  • 23. Happiness and Health <ul><li>Happy people tend to seek out and act on health information </li></ul><ul><li>Positive mood has been shown to lower blood pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Ed Diener and Martin Seligman, “Beyond Money” </li></ul>
  • 24. Happiness and Health <ul><li>Happiness has been associated with reduced risk of heart disease </li></ul><ul><li>Karina W. Davidson, Elizabeth Mostofsky and William Whang. Don't worry, be happy: </li></ul><ul><li>positive affect and reduced 10-year incident coronary heart disease: </li></ul><ul><li>The Canadian Nova Scotia Health Survey. European Heart Journal, Feb 17, 2010 </li></ul>
  • 25. Happiness and Environment <ul><li>Happy people tend to be less materialistic </li></ul><ul><li>More empathetic </li></ul><ul><li>T. Kasser (2004) Materialism and its alternatives, in A Life Worth Living: Contributions to Positive Psychology </li></ul>
  • 26. Happiness and Environment <ul><li>More likely to engage in ecologically beneficial behaviour (cycling, recycling) </li></ul><ul><li>Nature-relatedness linked to positive emotions and happiness </li></ul><ul><li>T. Kasser (2004) Materialism and its alternatives, in A Life Worth Living: Contributions to Positive Psychology </li></ul><ul><li>Nisbet, Zelenski, and Murphy. The Nature Relatedness Scale: Linking Individuals’ Connection with Nature, Environmental Concern, and Well-being </li></ul>
  • 27. Happiness and Commuting <ul><li>Cyclists are more likely to enjoy commuting than commuters who use motorized transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Workers who walked to work were also more likely to enjoy commuting </li></ul><ul><li>Turcotte, M. (2006) Like commuting? Workers’ perceptions of their daily commute, Canadian Social Trends , Statistics Canada </li></ul>
  • 28. Happiness and Health <ul><li>“ This finding that happiness adds to health opens new ways for health promotion, preventive public health care in particular. It implies that we can make people healthier by making them happier.” </li></ul><ul><li>Veenhoven, R. (2006) Healthy happiness: Effects of happiness </li></ul><ul><li>on physical health and the consequences for preventive health care, </li></ul><ul><li>of Happiness Studies , 15-11,p.6. </li></ul>
  • 29. Happiness and Health <ul><li>We can make people healthier by making them happier. </li></ul><ul><li>What kind of happiness could do this? </li></ul>
  • 30. Shop ‘til you drop?
  • 31. Designer fashions for our kids?
  • 32. Nature-Deficit Disorder?
  • 33. Social Comparison
  • 34. Social Comparison
  • 35. Supersize Me
  • 36. HAPPINESS. STARTING AT $47,000.* * Happiness guaranteed for day of purchase only
  • 37. Authentic Happiness <ul><li>Relationships with family and friends </li></ul><ul><li>“ Being” in the moment </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling engaged with our work, or other commitments (family, volunteer, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Leading a meaningful life </li></ul>
  • 38. Research on Happiness <ul><li>Can Money Buy Happiness? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Material wealth beyond a basic income level doesn’t contribute significantly to well-being and life satisfaction. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ed Diener and Martin Seligman, “Beyond Money: Toward an Economy of Well-Being”, Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 2004. </li></ul>
  • 39. <ul><li>Happiness ≠ Over-Consumption </li></ul>
  • 40. Sustainable Happiness <ul><li> “ Sustainable happiness is happiness that contributes to individual, community and/or global well-being and does not exploit other people, the environment or future generations.” (O’Brien) </li></ul>
  • 41. Sustainable Happiness Survey 8 Reducing Consumption 6 Where Products are Made 8 Local Products 2 Public Transit 12 Physical Exercise 12 Walking for short trips 7 Fair Trade Products 12 Composting 7 Expressing Appreciation 8 Water Conservation 5 Carpooling Before Course Activity
  • 42. Sustainable Happiness Survey 16 8 Reducing Consumption 13 6 Where Products are Made 14 8 Local Products 4 2 Public Transit 14 12 Physical Exercise 13 12 Walking for short trips 10 7 Fair Trade Products 13 12 Composting 16 7 Expressing Appreciation 12 8 Water Conservation 9 5 Carpooling One Year Later Before Course Activity
  • 43. Sustainable Happiness and Health Education <ul><ul><li>Developing educational resources for K-6 that link sustainable happiness, with healthy, active lifestyles. </li></ul></ul>
  • 44.  
  • 45.  
  • 46.  
  • 47. Natural Highs <ul><li>1. The cold side of the pillow. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Laughing so hard your face hurts. </li></ul><ul><li>3. A hot shower. </li></ul><ul><li>4. No lines at the supermarket. </li></ul><ul><li>5. A special glance. </li></ul><ul><li>6. Getting mail. </li></ul>1.
  • 48. Natural Highs <ul><li>7. Hugs. </li></ul><ul><li>8. The first snow fall. </li></ul><ul><li>9. Playing in the ocean. </li></ul><ul><li>10. The smell of lilacs. </li></ul><ul><li>11. Hearing my favourite song. </li></ul><ul><li>12. An unexpected text message. </li></ul>1.
  • 49. Sustainable Happiness <ul><li>Walking, cycling, active commuting </li></ul>
  • 50. Children’s Mobility, Health & Happiness: A Canadian School Travel Planning Model http://www.saferoutestoschool.ca/schooltravel.asp <ul><li>School Travel Planning in every province and territory </li></ul><ul><li>Influencing municipal and school board/district policy and practice </li></ul><ul><li>Integrating Child and Youth Friendly Land Use and Transport Planning Guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable happiness and health </li></ul>
  • 51. Traditional Planning <ul><li>“ Communities are traditionally built with one transportation mode and user in mind – the adult automobile driver.” </li></ul><ul><li>McDonald, N. C. (2008). Children's mode choice for the school trip: the role of distance and school location in walking to school. Transportation, 35 , 23-35. </li></ul>
  • 52. Shifting Assumptions <ul><li>“ If we can build a successful city for children we will have a successful city for all people.” </li></ul><ul><li>Enrique Peñalosa, former mayor of Bogotá </li></ul>
  • 53. Children and Youth are particularly susceptible <ul><li>Air quality; airways smaller, lung function growth, </li></ul><ul><li>risk of childhood leukemia, in-vehicle exposure </li></ul><ul><li>Traffic injuries and fatalities </li></ul><ul><li>Physical activity through everyday transport </li></ul><ul><li>Independent mobility and </li></ul><ul><li>play patterns </li></ul>
  • 54. Literature Review www.kidsonthemove.ca <ul><li>US study found that children who actively commute to school are more physically active outside of school. </li></ul><ul><li>Heelan, et al (2005). Active commuting to and from school and BMI in elementary school children, Child Care Health and Development , 31(3). </li></ul>
  • 55. Literature Review <ul><li>A CDC study found that the Safe Routes to School projects in the US have improved the walking and cycling environment for adults as well as children. “Investment in SRTS can contribute to increased physical activity among children and adults.” </li></ul><ul><li>Watson, et al (2008). Investment in safe routes to school projects: Public health benefits for the larger community. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention </li></ul>
  • 56. Guidelines www.kidsonthemove.ca <ul><ul><ul><li>Raising the profile of children and youth (1-3) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Providing for children and youth as pedestrians (4-7) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Providing for children and youth as cyclists (8-11) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Providing for children and youth as transit users (12-14) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Providing for journeys to and from school (15-16) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reducing transport’s adverse impacts (17-19) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 57. Guidelines 1& 2 <ul><ul><ul><li>Guideline 1 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In transport and land-use planning, the needs of children and youth should receive as much priority as the needs of people of other ages and the requirements of business. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Guideline 2 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Within each municipality designate a staff member (and perhaps also a council member) as responsible for bringing the perspectives of young people to consideration of transport and land-use planning issues. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 58. Guideline 3 <ul><li>Establish or adapt one or more forums </li></ul><ul><li>for children and youth to ensure that their perspectives are considered by land-use and transport planners. </li></ul>
  • 59. Guidelines 4 & 5 <ul><ul><ul><li>Guideline 4 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Identify where children and youth want to go or need to go and, to the extent possible, provide ways of getting there by foot. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Guideline 5 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assess pedestrian routes used or to be used by children and youth to ensure that they are as safe and suitable for them as possible. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 60. Guideline 7 <ul><ul><ul><li>Guideline 7 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure that sidewalks are always cleared of ice and snow. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 61. Guideline 8 <ul><ul><ul><li>Guideline 8 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>For older children and youth, ensure that destinations that cannot be a walk away are no more than a bicycle ride away. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 62. Guideline 11 <ul><ul><ul><li>Guideline 11 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>At destinations, provide secure, convenient bicycle parking. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 63. Guideline 15 <ul><ul><ul><li>Guideline 15 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Help ensure that school policies and practices favour walking, cycling and other forms of active transport for trips to and from school, and also regular public transport where this is appropriate and possible. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 64. Guideline 18 <ul><ul><ul><li>Guideline 18 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Post and enforce much lower speed limits, particularly in urban areas. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 65. Canadian Guidelines <ul><li> Guidelines for every province </li></ul><ul><li>Guidelines for rural areas </li></ul><ul><li>www.kidsonthemove.ca </li></ul>
  • 66. Ontario Professional Planners Institute <ul><li>Ontario Professional Planners Institute (OPPI) has officially endorsed the Guidelines. </li></ul>
  • 67. Sustainable Happiness! Source:  From the &quot;Active and Safe Routes to School Manitoba Clean Air Day Poster Design Competition 2009,” Resource Conservation Manitoba
  • 68. <ul><li>Healthy Children </li></ul><ul><li>Healthy Spaces </li></ul><ul><li>Happy Children </li></ul><ul><li>Healthy Children </li></ul><ul><li>Healthy Communities </li></ul><ul><li>Global Well-Being </li></ul>
  • 69. <ul><li>Thank you! </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>www.sustainablehappiness.ca </li></ul>

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