Nirman odisha

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Nirman odisha

  1. 1. NIRMAN is a grassroots environmental action group works for the conservation of bio-diversity; promotes ecological agriculture & sustainable livelihood models through livelihood related functional literacy system Sustainable Sugarcane Initiative Prasant Mohanty, NIRMAN www.nirmanodisha.org SDTT Partner’s meet Raipur , 22 March, 2014
  2. 2. Sugarcane in Odisha…
  3. 3. Problems of Sugarcane Farmers • Rising cost of cultivation- Economic unviable • Low market price • Water table depleting year after year (1500-3000 litres/1 kg of cane) • Unavailability of good quality seed material • Increased pest and negligence in plant protection measures • Improper cultivation practices • Imbalanced nutrient management and other practices like mono cropping often result in low productivity • Unpredictable climatic aberrations • Delay of Payment by mill owners to farmers (nearly One year)
  4. 4. Sustainable Sugarcane Initiative(SSI): Approach and activities • To improve the livelihoods of smallholder sugarcane farmers by enhancing productivity of land and minimizing usage of water and reducing footprint of sugarcane cultivation.”
  5. 5. Sustainable Sugarcane Initiative(SSI): ‘More (sugarcane) With Less (inputs and water)’ A new paradigm in Sugarcane: SRI showed a way- WWF-ICRISAT It is an innovative agronomic set of practices to increase the cane yields significantly which involves using • less seeds • raising of nursery • following new planting methods • with wider spacing • better water management • nutrient management
  6. 6. Basic Principles of SSI 1. Raising nursery using single budded chips 2. Transplanting young seedlings (25- 35 days old) 3. Maintaining wider spacing (4X2 ft) in the main field 4. Avoiding in undation of water and providing sufficient moisture 5. Encouraging organic method of nutrient and plant protection measures 6. Practicing intercropping with effective utilization of land
  7. 7. 2-3 Budded sets & Bud chip • 2-3 budded sets are normally used for propagation • In SSI, single budded chips from 7-9 months old healthy canes used
  8. 8. Young seedling from Nursery • Buds are planted in trays • Coco-pith (coconut coir waste) used for raising the settlings • Transplanting of young (25-35 days old) seedlings
  9. 9. Water management • Emphasis on sufficient moisture, rather than inundating the field with water. • About 40% of water is saved in this method by following measures like raising of nursery, following furrow / alternate furrow irrigation, optimum application of water by reducing quantity of water
  10. 10. Organic Methods of Cultivation • In SSI, inorganic practices like application of chemical fertilizers and pesticides are discouraged. • Farmers are encouraged to practice organic method of cultivation like incorporation of organic manures, application of bio-fertilizers and use of bio-control measures . • Encourages better and timely cultural practices like earthing up, propping and detrashing,.
  11. 11. Sustainable Sugarcane Initiative (SSI)… …an experience so far at NIRMAN
  12. 12. 2009-13: SSI in Odisha with Agsri Type of Farmers covered during Intervention Farmer Category Medium farmers Small farmers Marginal Farmers Landless Farmers Share croppers % of Farmers in 2012 4 8 63 25 58 % of Farmers in 2013 2 31 57 10 55 Horizontal expansion of SSI 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 District 1 3 3 5 5 Block 1 5 10 16 20 Panchay at 2 6 25 43 48 Village 7 17 40 81 89 Farmers 20 56 365 610 705 Acre(s) 4 29.73 205 350 425
  13. 13. SSI in 2012… Liaison office Regd. office SSI district 5 Districts 20 Blocks 48 Panchayats 89 Villages 705 Farmers 425 Acres
  14. 14. We have brought changes adaptive to local resources… Used raw coco-pith with farm yard manure and/or vermicompost for seedling preparation Material/Particulars Cost Processed Coco-pith (Rs 14/kg for 1 Qntl/Acre) Rs 1400/- Raw Coco-pith + Vermicompost ( 80 Kg + 20 Kg ) Rs 260/- Raw Coco-pith + FYM (80 Kg + 20 Kg) Rs 210/- Raw Coco-pith + FYM + Vermicompost (70 Kg + 20 Kg+ 10 Kg) Rs 240/- Vermi-compost well and Coco-pith Coco-pith sieve net
  15. 15. • Adopt integrated nutrition management as opposed to pure chemical method of cultivation – Seed treated with a composite solution of cow urine and lime – Nutrient supplied vermicompost, jeevamrut, along with relative 60% reduced quantity of chemical fertilizer – Chemical Input Management costs Rs 2500/- whereas our INM approach costed only Rs 1200/- ……. Contd. Bud treatment – Cow urine, lime and water solution Drying the Bud chips
  16. 16. …Contd • Experimented with spacing from standard 5ft to varied space of 4ft, 3ft and 2ft as well. Spacing No. of tillers Length of internodes Height Girth (in Cm) Weight B M T 4 ft 08 10 cm 373 cm 7.5 7.1 6.3 2.1 kg 3 ft 08 7.5 cm 357 cm 7.2 6.0 5.2 1.95 kg 2 ft 06 5.5 cm 330 cm 6.7 6.0 4.9 1.7 kg
  17. 17. benefits experienced... Particulars Conventional SSI Seed 76,800 nodes Rs 14400/- 5,600-6,500 buds Rs 1300/- Water 24 hrs/day for 4 days: 8 times in a crop cycle 8 hrs/day for 3 days: 4 times in a crop cycle Labour (including irrigation) 204 person-days in a crop cycle 136 person-days in a crop cycle Per Acre Cost Rs 59,200/- Rs 33,200/- Intercropping Not possible Possible (3 month duration crop) Yield -Ton/Acre 38-40 50-52 Net Income – Rs./ Acre 19500 53400
  18. 18. Intercrops in SSI Field • Vegetables for household consumption and some hard cash
  19. 19. • The group of 13 members has taken Sugarcane cultivation (IGP) in traditional method investing around Rs 86,350/- for 3.5 acres inclusive of costs like land lease (Rs 42,000) cost, seed, irrigation, fertiliser, labour (excluding self labour of 789 person-days) At the same time 9 out of 13 members has taken the initiative for SSI in 78 decimil and invested Rs 14,420/- inclusive similar costs like (Rs 9000/- for land lease), labour (excluding self labour of 63 person-days) Estimating for 25 decimal cost investment they spent 3 times more on traditional approach along with 3 times more time investment. •The average production they harvested from traditional fields is 32 ton/acre. While from SSI fields it was more than 46 ton/acre. •The bonus they gained from SSI through intercropping has been estimated to Rs 16400/- which includes okra, cowpea, cucumber and jute and a success story…
  20. 20. 13 April 2010 SSI MANUAL RELEASE in Oriya
  21. 21. Initiatives taken to popularize SSI Experience sharing of Famers at SSI Workshop in Bhubaneswar SSI Training in Nayagarh Dist
  22. 22. Inspiration for other farmers
  23. 23. Type of Land, Cane Variety & Relative Productivity Cane Variety CO-6907 86-V-96 83-R-23 1053 Raghunath Nilamadhab Biswanath Charchika Cane Productivity Vs Type of Land Land Type Medium Upland Cane Yield (T/Ac) 60 54
  24. 24. The Strategic Interventions… • Engagement with state, dist. Officials and policy makers • Govt. included 2000 acre in Phailin response • Govt included SSI in RKVY • Farmer’s guidebook on SSI is being used as resource book for farmers • Creating local CRP Video documentation Providing support to Dept. of Agriculture, Nayagarh for 20010-11 & 2011-12 and under RKVY-Sugarcane Devp. Prog. and the same to Bargarh in 2012. Nursery raising Irrigation to SSI field
  25. 25. Farmer’s Innovative way in earthling up Rs. 32000 expenses in traditional sugarcane whereas Rs. 2000 in SSI farming per acre
  26. 26. Issues & Concern • Factory owners are not paying in time which discourages farmers • Govt. is yet to take it up in massive scale • Govt. officials are more concerned on procurement of materials like tray, fertiliser rather on SSI • Govt. focus on chemical fertilizer and pesticides irrespective of requirement • Disconnection among Capacity building and SSI promotion • No assured support from resource agency for SSI from 2013
  27. 27. Learning: • Simple change to SSI Practice can save huge loss of cane in planting as seeds, conserve water and bring economic gain to farmers • 38000 ha. of sugarcane cultivation in Odisha: Farmers can gain only from seed saving around 95 cores of rupees • Marginal, small & Sharecroppers farmers can go for sugarcane cultivation • Shift in Young farmer’s migration to SSI • CRP process of SSI extension works well
  28. 28. Photo Gallery Bud Chipping Transplantation in progress Raising seedling as IGP Preparing organic manure Seed Treatment
  29. 29. Photo Gallery promoting SSI SSI Training camp Interaction at field Experience sharing workshop
  30. 30. Ear thing Up with bullock Intercrop-ladies finger Photo Gallery FFS on SSI

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