Developing your presentation

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  • 1. DEVELOPING YOUR PRESENTATION Chapter 11: Presentations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007
  • 2. PUBLIC SPEAKING PROCESS OVERVIEW
    • Select and narrow topic
    • Identify your purpose
    • Develop central idea
    • Generate main ideas
    • Gather supporting material
    • Organize presentation
    • Rehearse presentation
    • Deliver presentation
    Chapter 11: Presentations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007
  • 3. DEVELOPING THE PRESENTATION
    • Understanding speaker anxiety
    • Managing speaker anxiety
    • Selecting and narrowing your topic
    • Identifying your purpose
    • Developing your central idea
    • Generating main ideas
    • Gathering supporting material
    Chapter 11: Presentations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007
  • 4. SPEAKER ANXIETY
    • Speaker anxiety or stage fright involves physiological symptoms such as rapid heartbeat, butterflies, shaking hands and knees, quivering voice, and increased perspiration.
    • Illusion of transparency is a mistaken belief that physical manifestations of nervousness are apparent to an audience.
    Chapter 11: Presentations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007
  • 5. MANAGING SPEAKER ANXIETY
    • Know how to prepare a presentation
    • Be prepared
    • Focus on your audience
    • Focus on your message
    • Give yourself a mental pep talk
    • Use deep-breathing
    • Take advantage of chances to speak
    • Seek available professional help
    Chapter 11: Presentations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007
  • 6. SELECTING & NARROWING TOPIC
    • Who is the audience?
    • What is the occasion?
    • What are my interests and experiences?
    • Brainstorming
    • Web searches
    Chapter 11: Presentations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007
  • 7. IDENTIFYING YOUR PURPOSE
    • The general purpose is the broad reason for giving a presentation…to inform, persuade, or entertain.
    • The specific purpose is a concise statement of what listeners should know or be able to do, or feel when the presentation is finished.
    Chapter 11: Presentations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007
  • 8. DEVELOPING CENTRAL IDEAS
    • The central idea specifies the topic of the presentation and makes some definitive point about the topic.
    • Criteria for central ideas
      • Audience-centered
      • Single topic
      • Complete declarative sentence
      • Use direct, specific language
    Chapter 11: Presentations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007
  • 9. GENERATING MAIN IDEAS
    • Use the central idea to generate main ideas , main ideas are subdivisions of the central idea.
      • Does the central idea have logical divisions?
      • Can you think of several reasons the central idea is true?
      • Can you support the central idea with a series of steps or chronological sequence?
    Chapter 11: Presentations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007
  • 10. GATHERING SUPPORTING MATERIAL
    • Supporting material includes verbal illustrations, descriptions, definitions, analogies, statistics, and opinions
    Chapter 11: Presentations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007
  • 11. SUPPORTING MATERIAL-1
    • Illustrations
      • Hypothetical illustration
    • Descriptions and explanations
    • Definitions
      • Classification
      • Operational definition
    Chapter 11: Presentations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007
  • 12. SUPPORTING MATERIAL-2
    • Analogies
      • Literal and figurative
    • Statistics…verbal or visual
    • Opinions
      • Expert or lay testimony
      • Literary quotations
    Chapter 11: Presentations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007
  • 13. ACKNOWLEDGE SOURCES
    • Cite your sources
      • “ According to . . .”
        • Direct quotations
        • Opinions, assertions, or ideas of others
        • Statistics and other data
    Chapter 11: Presentations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007
  • 14. Summary
    • Topic
    • Research
    • Cite
    Chapter 11: Presentations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007