DEVELOPING YOUR  PRESENTATION  Chapter 11: Presentations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007
PUBLIC SPEAKING PROCESS OVERVIEW <ul><li>Select and narrow topic </li></ul><ul><li>Identify your purpose </li></ul><ul><li...
DEVELOPING THE PRESENTATION <ul><li>Understanding speaker anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Managing speaker anxiety </li></ul><ul...
SPEAKER ANXIETY <ul><li>Speaker anxiety or stage fright  involves physiological symptoms such as rapid heartbeat, butterfl...
MANAGING SPEAKER ANXIETY <ul><li>Know how to prepare a presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Be prepared </li></ul><ul><li>Focus ...
SELECTING & NARROWING TOPIC <ul><li>Who is the audience? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the occasion? </li></ul><ul><li>What ar...
IDENTIFYING YOUR PURPOSE <ul><li>The  general purpose  is the broad reason for giving a presentation…to inform, persuade, ...
DEVELOPING CENTRAL IDEAS <ul><li>The  central idea  specifies the topic of the presentation and makes some definitive poin...
GENERATING MAIN IDEAS <ul><li>Use the central idea to generate main ideas , main ideas  are subdivisions of the central id...
GATHERING SUPPORTING MATERIAL <ul><li>Supporting material  includes verbal illustrations, descriptions, definitions, analo...
SUPPORTING MATERIAL-1 <ul><li>Illustrations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hypothetical illustration </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Descrip...
SUPPORTING MATERIAL-2 <ul><li>Analogies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Literal and figurative </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Statistics…ver...
ACKNOWLEDGE SOURCES <ul><li>Cite your sources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ According to . . .” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>D...
Summary <ul><li>Topic </li></ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><li>Cite </li></ul>Chapter 11: Presentations Copyright © Al...
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Developing your presentation

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Developing your presentation

  1. 1. DEVELOPING YOUR PRESENTATION Chapter 11: Presentations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007
  2. 2. PUBLIC SPEAKING PROCESS OVERVIEW <ul><li>Select and narrow topic </li></ul><ul><li>Identify your purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Develop central idea </li></ul><ul><li>Generate main ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Gather supporting material </li></ul><ul><li>Organize presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Rehearse presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Deliver presentation </li></ul>Chapter 11: Presentations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007
  3. 3. DEVELOPING THE PRESENTATION <ul><li>Understanding speaker anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Managing speaker anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Selecting and narrowing your topic </li></ul><ul><li>Identifying your purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Developing your central idea </li></ul><ul><li>Generating main ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Gathering supporting material </li></ul>Chapter 11: Presentations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007
  4. 4. SPEAKER ANXIETY <ul><li>Speaker anxiety or stage fright involves physiological symptoms such as rapid heartbeat, butterflies, shaking hands and knees, quivering voice, and increased perspiration. </li></ul><ul><li>Illusion of transparency is a mistaken belief that physical manifestations of nervousness are apparent to an audience. </li></ul>Chapter 11: Presentations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007
  5. 5. MANAGING SPEAKER ANXIETY <ul><li>Know how to prepare a presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Be prepared </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on your audience </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on your message </li></ul><ul><li>Give yourself a mental pep talk </li></ul><ul><li>Use deep-breathing </li></ul><ul><li>Take advantage of chances to speak </li></ul><ul><li>Seek available professional help </li></ul>Chapter 11: Presentations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007
  6. 6. SELECTING & NARROWING TOPIC <ul><li>Who is the audience? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the occasion? </li></ul><ul><li>What are my interests and experiences? </li></ul><ul><li>Brainstorming </li></ul><ul><li>Web searches </li></ul>Chapter 11: Presentations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007
  7. 7. IDENTIFYING YOUR PURPOSE <ul><li>The general purpose is the broad reason for giving a presentation…to inform, persuade, or entertain. </li></ul><ul><li>The specific purpose is a concise statement of what listeners should know or be able to do, or feel when the presentation is finished. </li></ul>Chapter 11: Presentations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007
  8. 8. DEVELOPING CENTRAL IDEAS <ul><li>The central idea specifies the topic of the presentation and makes some definitive point about the topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Criteria for central ideas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Audience-centered </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Single topic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Complete declarative sentence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use direct, specific language </li></ul></ul>Chapter 11: Presentations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007
  9. 9. GENERATING MAIN IDEAS <ul><li>Use the central idea to generate main ideas , main ideas are subdivisions of the central idea. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Does the central idea have logical divisions? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can you think of several reasons the central idea is true? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can you support the central idea with a series of steps or chronological sequence? </li></ul></ul>Chapter 11: Presentations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007
  10. 10. GATHERING SUPPORTING MATERIAL <ul><li>Supporting material includes verbal illustrations, descriptions, definitions, analogies, statistics, and opinions </li></ul>Chapter 11: Presentations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007
  11. 11. SUPPORTING MATERIAL-1 <ul><li>Illustrations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hypothetical illustration </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Descriptions and explanations </li></ul><ul><li>Definitions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Classification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operational definition </li></ul></ul>Chapter 11: Presentations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007
  12. 12. SUPPORTING MATERIAL-2 <ul><li>Analogies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Literal and figurative </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Statistics…verbal or visual </li></ul><ul><li>Opinions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expert or lay testimony </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Literary quotations </li></ul></ul>Chapter 11: Presentations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007
  13. 13. ACKNOWLEDGE SOURCES <ul><li>Cite your sources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ According to . . .” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Direct quotations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Opinions, assertions, or ideas of others </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Statistics and other data </li></ul></ul></ul>Chapter 11: Presentations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007
  14. 14. Summary <ul><li>Topic </li></ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><li>Cite </li></ul>Chapter 11: Presentations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007

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