Components of a building

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Components of a building

  1. 1. Components of a building : Civil Works
  2. 2. Foundation (Substructure)Pile foundation
  3. 3. FOOTING
  4. 4. PlinthDividing line between the substructure andsuperstructure
  5. 5. FRAMED STRUCTURE (Superstructure) RCC (Reinforced Cement Concrete) Structures
  6. 6. Prestressed Concrete StructuresSuitable for high rise buildings- longer spans, thinner slabs, lesser jointsSteel cables laid along with reinforcement Hydraulic jack machine for tensioning cables
  7. 7. Stairs and Lifts
  8. 8. WALLS
  9. 9. Doors / Windows Fire ResistantLintel to support door frame
  10. 10. Building finishing worksPlasteringPaintingGlass / Cladding (facade)Interior finishingTiling / GraniteDriveway / Pavements / Landscape/Compound walls/ Gates
  11. 11. Building servicesElectrical works-Conduit (concealed / open) & Wiring-Cable Tray / Cable laying-Transformer / Electrical Panel / Dieselgenerators (Cooling tower) /Distribution board /UPS-Earthing / Lightning protection-Light fixtures / Power sockets
  12. 12. Building servicesPlumbing services-Pipe laying (Water / sewage)-Pumps / Tanks-Sewage treatment plants-Sanitary fittings
  13. 13. Building servicesFire fighting system-Pipe laying-Pumps-Sprinkler system-Automatic fire detection system (fire alarm system) -Pipe laying, cable laying, detectors, hooters…
  14. 14. Fire fighting system Smoke detectors Sprinkler systems
  15. 15. Building servicesAir conditioning /ventilation-duct laying-AHU (Air handling units), chillers and pipes,sensors, Acoustic Insulation-Exhaust fansLift
  16. 16. AHU HVAC DUCTCHILLER UNIT
  17. 17. Lift InstallationLift machine room Lift shaft Control mechanism Safety features
  18. 18. Other services• BMS (Building Management System)• Access control Security• CCTV Cameras• PA (Public address / BGM (Back ground music system/ETBS (Emergency talk back system)
  19. 19. Building Management System Sensors Instrumentation
  20. 20. Boom barrier Door access control

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