• TO SECURE SAFETY OF THE PERSONS;
•TO SECURE HEALTH OF THE PERSONS FROM
• TO ENSURE PROTECTION FROM HAZARDOUS
• TO ENSURE SOUND WORKING ENVIRONMENT;
• TO ENSURE WELFARE OF THE PERSONS;
• TO PROTECT THE ENVIORNMENT;
Ensures - Annual leaves with wages
Provides - Additional protection
from hazardous processes
Additional protection to
employment of children
FACTORIES ACT, 1948
FACTORIES ACT, 1948
• Provisions envisaged are based on :
- Indian laws, conventions and recommendations
- Constitutional Provisions
• Limited jurisdiction – applies to “Factories”
• Premises where 10 and more workers;
• Manufacturing process, Power
• Premises where 20 and more workers;
• Manufacturing process; No power
• Act empower state government to declare all or any of the
provisions of the act to apply to any place with an objective
to secure safety, health and welfare or workmen even though
the workers strength is less than the above cited conditions.
• Disposal of waste and effluent
• Dust and fumes
• Over crowding
• Lighting (at the place of work / at the place of movement)
• Drinking water
• Latrine and urinals
• Ventilation and temperature (reasonable condition of
• Fencing of machinery (transmission machinery / dangerous
• Lifting machines/ tackles
• Pressure plant
• Floors, stairs and sumps
• Excessive weights
• Protection of eyes (risk of injury – particle fragments /
risk of injury – exposure to light)
• Precautions in case of fire
• Safety of building and machinery
• Power to prohibit on account of serious hazard, imminent
ANNUAL LEAVE WITH WAGES
One day for every twenty days
• 240 days in a calendar year – his/her service is from
beginning of the calendar year;
• 2/3rd of the calendar year – his/her service begins in the
middle of calendar year
• Issue of leave books
• Maintain registers
• Any discharge / dismissal – benefit shall be settled
FACTORIES ACT – WOMEN WORKERS
• Prohibits the employment of women from 7 pm to 6 am.
• Prohibits overtime work
• Act permits the Government to notify the factories to
employ women workers up to 10pm with conditions
• Government has notified 15 categories of factories under 2
FACTORIES ACT – WOMEN WORKERS
• The conditions are
• Written consent
• Free transport upto their residence
• 9 hours of rest after completion of work to the fresh period
of work in the following day
• No overtime work
Act bars employment of women workers from 10 pm to 5 am
• Act bars employment of women to clean, lubricate any part
of the equipment
• Act bars employment of women workers in hazardous
FACTORIES ACT – CHILD LABOUR
• Bars the employment of persons below the age of 14
• Act permits the employment of child and adolescent to work
in factories subject to condition of obtaining certificate of
fitness from the certifying surgeon.
Child – more than 14 and less 15;
Adolescent – more than 15 and less than 18
• Working hour for child is four and half hour per day
• Double employment of child is prohibited
• Working hours for adolescent is as that of adult.
• Act bears employment of child and young persons on
dangerous machines – power press, hydraulic, presses,
milling machine, guillotine machine
• Act bars employment of child and adolescent on dangerous
ACCIDENT, DANGEROUS OCCURRENCES
• Requires reporting to the Inspector
• Investigated within one month
• To find out causes
• Any violations requires legal action
STATISTICS OF THE STATE
1. Total No. of Factories registered : 10,300
2. Total No. of beneficiaries : Around 10 Lakhs
3. Industries involving hazardous processes : 800
4. MAH Units : 75
5. Head Office : Bangalore
6. Divisional Offices : 20 Districts
7. Accidents (Fatal) : Average 30 to 50
8. Non-fatal accidents : Average 3500 to 4000
9. No. of enforcing Officers : 30
• To provide statutory obligation and rights to
employees and employers in the unorganized
sector of employment, i.e., shops and
Scope and Coverage
A state legislation; each state has framed its own
rules for the Act.
Applicable to all persons employed in an
establishment with or without wages, except the
members of the employer's family.
State government can exempt, either permanently or
for a specified period, any establishments from all or
any provisions of this Act.
Compulsory registration of shop/establishment
within thirty days of commencement of work.
Communications of closure of the establishment
within 15 days from the closing of the establishment.
Lays down the hours of work per day and week.
Lays down guidelines for spread-over, rest interval,
opening and closing hours, closed days, national and
religious holidays, overtime work.
Rules for employment of children, young persons and
Rules for annual leave, maternity leave,
sickness and casual leave, etc.
Rules for employment and termination of
Maintenance of registers and records and
display of notices.
Obligations of employers.
Obligations of employees.
When to Consult And Refer
At the time of start of an enterprise.
When framing personnel policies and rules.