Perspectives and initiatives of indigenous and community organizationsPresentation Transcript
Perspectives and initiatives of indigenous peoples and community organizations in the climate change dialogue Joji Carino, CBD Capacity Building Project, Indigenous Peoples’ International Center for Policy Research and Education (Tebtebba)
Climate Change Talks
Come after lengthy negotiations between governments and indigenous peoples which led to UN General Assembly adoption of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
Constructive discussions about the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
Human rights and climate change are closely linked issues - embodied in the call for climate justice
Climate justice calls for respect for and restoration of indigenous peoples’ and local communities customary rights to ownership, use and management of lands, waters, air and their central role in climate action
Climate change impacts are also human rights impacts
UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
Rights to freely pursue economic, social and cultural development;
Rights to be secure in the enjoyment of own means of subsistence;
Rights determine priorities and strategies for the use of lands, territories and resources;
Right to free, prior, informed consent to developments affecting lands and resources
Rights to natural and cultural heritage and to traditional knowledge;
Delays and diverts focus away from transition to low carbon economy
Ineffectiveness of the Kyoto Protocol
Creates incentives for rent-seeking behaviour
Serious methodological problems
Indigenous and Local Community Perspectives and Initiatives
Statements of the International Forum of Indigenous Peoples and Climate Change
Report of the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues
Regional and Global Consultations on REDD/ WB Forest Carbon Partnership Facility/ Forest Investment Programme
Indigenous Peoples’ Climate Summit
International Forum of Indigenous Peoples on Climate Change (IFIPCC)
1st IFIPCC in Lyon, France (2000)
Highlights Indigenous Peoples historic role in the conservation of eco-systems such as forests, wetlands and coastal and marine areas
Noted that Elders f oretold the severe impacts of Western ‘development’ and the insatiable consumption of the industrialized countries.
Opposed the inclusion of sinks in the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) because these reduce sacred lands and territories to mere carbon sequestration, contrary to cosmovision and philosophy of life.
Such sinks might constitute a wo rldwide strategy for expropriating lands and territories and violating fundamental rights, culminating a new form of colonialism.
1st IFIPPC Statement
In digenous peoples demanded:
principles of transparency,
prior informed consultation and consent,
independent third party verification and monitoring,
appeals mechanism and
compensation be guaranteed in a cu lturally and appropriate manner
2nd International Forum of IPCC
The Hague (2000)
Establish appropriate programs of capacity building, information and diffusion of the Convention and the Kyoto Protocol and its activities with the participation of the representative indigenous organizations.
Indigenous Peoples be e q ual partners in decision-making including needs assessments, case studies, and national and international policy-making concerning climate change impacts, causes and solutions.
Cr eation of a fund for Indigenous Peoples to address the potential and actual impacts of development and climate change in the short and long term in a manner compatible with traditional and customary cultures and lifestyles.
3rd International Forum IPCC
Bonn, Germany (July 2001)
Describes the problems that indigenous peoples and communities are facing as a result of recent climate change
And more positively the fundamental role which indigenous peoples have historically and continue t o play in the conservation and protection of the forests, biological diversity and the maintenance of ecosystems crucial for the prevention of severe climate change.
Strategy Meeting on REDD 2008
General agreement that REDD as it is currently proposed, is harmful for many indigenous peoples and is unacceptable.
General agreement that strategies towards REDD, must incorporate indigenous peoples’ rights, especially in relation to land rights, territories, resources and FPIC
At the national level, indigenous peoples to press for law and policy reforms
Strategies for REDD
Intensive education work is needed with indigenous organisations and communities and this work must be done by our own people.
A dedicated and separate international fund be created for indigenous peoples to present our own mitigation and adaptation proposals based on land rights and self-determined development.
IPs and Forest Carbon Partnership Facility
- REDD and FCPF
- FCPF Launching
Meetings with World Bank
Forest Investment Programme
Need for permanent and ongoing consultations - design, procedures, monitoring
Review implementation of OP 4.10
Indigenous Peoples and REDD
Regional Consultations - Manaus, Quito, Congo, SE Asia
Global Consultation on REDD sponsored by UNU-TKU, SCBD, UN-REDD, hosted by Tebtebba
November 12-14, 2008,
Baguio City, Philippines
Indigenous Peoples’ Initiatives
Research on adverse impacts of climate change on indigenous peoples and their adaptation and mitigation measures.
Asia Summit on Indigenous Peoples and Climate Change (February 2009)
Global Summit on Indigenous Peoples and Climate Change (April 2009, Alaska)