UNCCD: Its implementation in Namibia


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A short presentation on the UNCCD and its implementation in Namibia as NAPCOD.

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UNCCD: Its implementation in Namibia

  1. 1. UNCCD:UNCCD: Its Implementation inIts Implementation in NamibiaNamibia By Justine Braby
  2. 2. WHAT IS DESERTIFICATION?WHAT IS DESERTIFICATION? “…means land degradation in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas resulting from various factors, including climatic variations and human activities” (UNCCD, Article 1(a)) Land Degradation meaning the loss of biological or economic productivity in various areas (e.g. woodland) from a process or combination of processes, including processes arising from anthropogenic activity, such as  Soil erosion caused by wind or water  Deterioration of the chemical, physical and biological components of the soil  Long-term loss of natural vegetation
  3. 3. The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in countries experiencing drought and/or desertification, particularly in Africa 1. Problem 2. Background 3. Formalities 4. Objectives 5. Modalities 6. Institutions 7. Related Conventions 8. Potential benefits from becoming a party
  4. 4. PROBLEM
  5. 5. BACKGROUND: The road to Paris  Sahelian Drought and famine 1968- 1974 200 000 people and millions of animals died  Plan of Action to Combat Desertification 1977  Lack of sufficient financial aid and coordination among countries  1992 Earth Summit: African Countries insist that proper attention should be given to desertification  World’s leaders agreed in Agenda 21 to call on the UN General Assembly to set up convention  Convention open for signing 1994
  6. 6. Objectives 1. Combat desertification and mitigate the effects of drought 2. Long-term integration strategies  Improved productivity of land  Rehabilitation, conservation and sustainable management of land and water resources
  7. 7. Formalities  Open for signature 14- 15 October 1994 in Paris  Entry into force 90th day after deposit of 50th Instrument  1-4th COP every year, after every two years  Headquarters in Bonn, Germany Historic Haus Carstanjen, Bonn, and its park located near the River Rhine. Seat of the United Nations in Germany.
  8. 8. Modalities  Common obligations of states cooperation, transfer of knowledge, research, info and technology; capacity and awareness building, integrated approach to combating desertification  Affected countries prepare action programmes  Developed countries provide financial resources and facilitate access to technology and know-how  Report back on measures of convention, progress reports on their action programmes
  9. 9. INSTITUTIONS  Global Mechanism  Committee on Science and Technology
  10. 10. Related Conventions UNFCCC, CBD Encourage joint programmes in research, training, information collection and exchange
  11. 11. Potential Benefits Allow a state to 1. Show solidarity with affected countries in facing urgent and growing issue of global dimensions, 2. Benefit from cooperation in designing and implementing its own programmes 3. Improve access to relevant data and technology 4. Nominate scientists on the roster of experts (CST)
  12. 12. NAMIBIA Namibia’s Programme to Combat Desertification (NAPCOD)
  13. 13. Introduction  Namibia most arid country south of Sahara  70% dependant on subsistence farming  Difficult climatic conditions and human induced impacts  Napcod collaborative effort between MAWRD and MET (started by DEA)
  14. 14. Objectives 1. Research 2. Capacity-building 3. Education and awareness re SM 4. Cooperation with SADC countries 5. Drought preparedness
  15. 15. Napcod Process  Phase 1: 1994 Broad Consultation and National Workshop  Phase 2: 1995-1999 Setting up structures for implementation (planning for Phase 3)  Phase 3: 1999-2004 Setting up structures for implementation
  16. 16. FUNDING  Gesellschaft fuer technische Zusammenarbeit (GZN)- N$ 6 million over period of four years  Small grants from private sector  Possible support from GEF
  17. 17. Programmes and Success
  18. 18.  Communications and public awareness generation  FIRM  Partners and information flow  Indicators  Education and training
  19. 19. Legislation  Namibia’s Policy to Combat Desertification (1994)  N’s Env Assessment Policy (1995)  Draft Environmental Management Act (1999)  Many principles of CCD included  Policies, while formulated and approved by parliament, are not implemented, are not backed by legislation or regulations
  20. 20. PROBLEMS  As of 2004 – no funding…  Napcod not formally accepted by government as a NAP  Did not follow UNCCD guidelines  Slow movement in enacting new legislation  Combating desertification is often viewed by decision- makers as merely an ‘environmental’ issue that does not deserve high priority
  21. 21. Positives  Napcod very broad and effective participation, community level  Enjoyed support and involvement from government ministries, and acceptance by UNCCD  Good working relationship between NGOs and government  Gobabeb
  22. 22. His Excellency Hama A Diallo: “Namibia has made commendable efforts in the management of its natural resources at community, as well as national level. This is what the UNCCD and its partners, UNDP, UNEP, FAO, African Development Bank and World Bank wanted to see. Namibia’s experiences are quite useful to all its neighbours.”