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Perspectives and initiatives of indigenous and community organizations


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Perspectives and initiatives of indigenous and community organizations

  1. 1. Perspectives and initiatives of indigenous peoples and community organizations in the climate change dialogue Joji Carino, CBD Capacity Building Project, Indigenous Peoples’ International Center for Policy Research and Education (Tebtebba)
  2. 2. Climate Change Talks <ul><li>Come after lengthy negotiations between governments and indigenous peoples which led to UN General Assembly adoption of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples </li></ul><ul><li>Constructive discussions about the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Climate Justice <ul><li>Human rights and climate change are closely linked issues - embodied in the call for climate justice </li></ul><ul><li>Climate justice calls for respect for and restoration of indigenous peoples’ and local communities customary rights to ownership, use and management of lands, waters, air and their central role in climate action </li></ul>
  4. 4. Climate change impacts are also human rights impacts <ul><li>UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples </li></ul><ul><li>Rights to freely pursue economic, social and cultural development; </li></ul><ul><li>Rights to be secure in the enjoyment of own means of subsistence; </li></ul><ul><li>Rights determine priorities and strategies for the use of lands, territories and resources; </li></ul><ul><li>Right to free, prior, informed consent to developments affecting lands and resources </li></ul><ul><li>Rights to natural and cultural heritage and to traditional knowledge; </li></ul>
  5. 5. Carbon Trading <ul><li>Delays and diverts focus away from transition to low carbon economy </li></ul><ul><li>Ineffectiveness of the Kyoto Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>Creates incentives for rent-seeking behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>Serious methodological problems </li></ul>
  6. 6. Indigenous and Local Community Perspectives and Initiatives <ul><li>Statements of the International Forum of Indigenous Peoples and Climate Change </li></ul><ul><li>Report of the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Regional and Global Consultations on REDD/ WB Forest Carbon Partnership Facility/ Forest Investment Programme </li></ul><ul><li>Indigenous Peoples’ Climate Summit </li></ul>
  7. 7. International Forum of Indigenous Peoples on Climate Change (IFIPCC) <ul><li>1st IFIPCC in Lyon, France (2000) </li></ul><ul><li>Highlights Indigenous Peoples historic role in the conservation of eco-systems such as forests, wetlands and coastal and marine areas </li></ul><ul><li>Noted that Elders f oretold the severe impacts of Western ‘development’ and the insatiable consumption of the industrialized countries. </li></ul><ul><li>Opposed the inclusion of sinks in the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) because these reduce sacred lands and territories to mere carbon sequestration, contrary to cosmovision and philosophy of life. </li></ul><ul><li>Such sinks might constitute a wo rldwide strategy for expropriating lands and territories and violating fundamental rights, culminating a new form of colonialism. </li></ul>
  8. 8. 1st IFIPPC Statement <ul><li>In digenous peoples demanded: </li></ul><ul><li>principles of transparency, </li></ul><ul><li>prior informed consultation and consent, </li></ul><ul><li>independent third party verification and monitoring, </li></ul><ul><li>benefit sharing, </li></ul><ul><li>risk reduction, </li></ul><ul><li>appeals mechanism and </li></ul><ul><li>compensation be guaranteed in a cu lturally and appropriate manner </li></ul>
  9. 9. 2nd International Forum of IPCC <ul><li>The Hague (2000) </li></ul><ul><li>Establish appropriate programs of capacity building, information and diffusion of the Convention and the Kyoto Protocol and its activities with the participation of the representative indigenous organizations. </li></ul><ul><li>Indigenous Peoples be e q ual partners in decision-making including needs assessments, case studies, and national and international policy-making concerning climate change impacts, causes and solutions. </li></ul><ul><li>Cr eation of a fund for Indigenous Peoples to address the potential and actual impacts of development and climate change in the short and long term in a manner compatible with traditional and customary cultures and lifestyles. </li></ul>
  10. 10. 3rd International Forum IPCC <ul><li>Bonn, Germany (July 2001) </li></ul><ul><li>Describes the problems that indigenous peoples and communities are facing as a result of recent climate change </li></ul><ul><li>And more positively the fundamental role which indigenous peoples have historically and continue t o play in the conservation and protection of the forests, biological diversity and the maintenance of ecosystems crucial for the prevention of severe climate change. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Strategy Meeting on REDD 2008 <ul><li>General agreement that REDD as it is currently proposed, is harmful for many indigenous peoples and is unacceptable. </li></ul><ul><li>General agreement that strategies towards REDD, must incorporate indigenous peoples’ rights, especially in relation to land rights, territories, resources and FPIC </li></ul><ul><li>At the national level, indigenous peoples to press for law and policy reforms </li></ul>
  12. 12. Strategies for REDD <ul><li>Intensive education work is needed with indigenous organisations and communities and this work must be done by our own people. </li></ul><ul><li>A dedicated and separate international fund be created for indigenous peoples to present our own mitigation and adaptation proposals based on land rights and self-determined development. </li></ul>
  13. 13. IPs and Forest Carbon Partnership Facility <ul><li>Bali Experience </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- REDD and FCPF </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- FCPF Launching </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Meetings with World Bank </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Forest Investment Programme </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need for permanent and ongoing consultations - design, procedures, monitoring </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Review implementation of OP 4.10 </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Indigenous Peoples and REDD <ul><li>Regional Consultations - Manaus, Quito, Congo, SE Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Global Consultation on REDD sponsored by UNU-TKU, SCBD, UN-REDD, hosted by Tebtebba </li></ul><ul><ul><li>November 12-14, 2008, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Baguio City, Philippines </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Indigenous Peoples’ Initiatives <ul><li>Research on adverse impacts of climate change on indigenous peoples and their adaptation and mitigation measures. </li></ul><ul><li>Asia Summit on Indigenous Peoples and Climate Change (February 2009)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Global Summit on Indigenous Peoples and Climate Change (April 2009, Alaska)‏ </li></ul>