Biodiversity

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biological diversity

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Biodiversity

  1. 1. Convention on Biological Diversity Rio De Janiero 1992 History 3ES3 Rebecca Moline
  2. 2. Biological diversity • The variability of living organisms and species worldwide, in addition to their ecosystems
  3. 3. • More commonly known as ‘The Earth Summit’ • Concerned with the protection of biological diversity worldwide • Held from June 3 – 14, 1992 in Rio De Janiero, Brazil • Raise awareness in addition to propose action plan Introduction
  4. 4. Historical background • Originated from the Stockholm Conference 1972 • Next ‘global’ environmental summit at Rio • United Nations Environment Programme • Grew from 168 signatures to 181
  5. 5. Principals of Convention • Conservation of biological diversity on a worldwide scale • Sustainable use of its elements • The fair and equitable sharing of beneficial genetic resources among countries
  6. 6. Convention Framework • Governing body ‘Conference of Parties’ or COP • Responsible for decision making • Reviewing the implementations • Directing development • Clarification of aspects of the convention • Consideration for national reports
  7. 7. Financial Mechanisms • Developed countries must financially aid developing countries in order to fulfill implementation protocols • Global Environmental Facility (GEF) to operate financial mechanism
  8. 8. Implementation Strategies • Enlists parties to develop “national strategies, plans or programmes for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity” (Article 6) • Places responsibility on individual nations • Ecosystem Based Approach
  9. 9. What is Sustainability? “ the use of components of biological diversity in a way and at a rate that does not lead to long- term decline of biological diversity, therefore maintaining its potential to meet the needs and aspirations or present and future generations” – (Article 2)
  10. 10. Plan of Action?
  11. 11. Future Targets • Meeting in 2002, planned to reduce loss of biodiversity by 2010 … an initiative that has yet to occur • 2010 ‘International Year of Biodiversity’ • Tenth meeting of COP October/November 2010 … initiatives for 2011-2020
  12. 12. Conclusions • Biodiversity continues to decrease at an alarming rate • Discussions must transform into legitimate action • Worldwide commitment is necessary to protect the fate of the planet and its resources

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