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Indigenous Land Management - Emilie-Jane Ens & Gill Towler


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TERN Symposium 2011

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Indigenous Land Management - Emilie-Jane Ens & Gill Towler

  1. 1. Indigenous participation in TERN ? Insight from 2-way ecological research in Arnhem Land Dr Emilie Ens 1 and Gill Towler 2 1 Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research 2 National Herbarium of NSW 
  2. 2. Indigenous estate and land use agreements
  3. 3. Relationship between the Indigenous estate and the conservation estate From Altman 2006
  4. 4. Residual Eucalypt woodland Woinarski et al. 2007
  5. 5. What is different about Indigenous land management? <ul><li>“ Country is a place that gives and receives life ” </li></ul><ul><li>(Deborah Bird-Rose, Nourishing Terrains ) </li></ul><ul><li>Holistic approach </li></ul><ul><li>Indigenous worldview, values, history, and culture </li></ul><ul><li>Management of natural resources that are essential for life </li></ul><ul><li>Customary responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Millenia of management and use </li></ul>
  6. 6. Who supports Indigenous land and sea management (ILSM)? <ul><li>Government – federal and state/ territory </li></ul><ul><li>Indigenous land councils eg NLC, CLC, ILC </li></ul><ul><li>Universities </li></ul><ul><li>NGOs eg TNC, Bush Heritage </li></ul><ul><li>Philanthropy eg Myer Foundation </li></ul><ul><li>Market-based economies eg Carbon offsets </li></ul>
  7. 7. What ecological data are collected by ILSM groups? <ul><li>Diverse range at different levels and scales </li></ul><ul><li>Three main types </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Baseline biodiversity data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ethnobiology and ecology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ecological monitoring </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Intensive eg plant surveys </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Extensive eg Remote sensing </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Participatory research in Arnhem Land
  9. 9. 35 long term monitoring sites Arnhem Land Kakadu NP Maningrida Jabiru Ngukurr Yirrkala Kabulwarnamyo
  10. 10. Innovative software: CyberTracker
  11. 11. Example 1: Feral animal impacts
  12. 12. Example 2: Wetland condition
  13. 13. Example 3: Flora inventory
  14. 15. How can TERN help? <ul><li>Collate data </li></ul><ul><li>Provide data </li></ul><ul><li>Find the gaps </li></ul><ul><li>Focus research </li></ul>
  15. 16. Things for TERN to consider <ul><li>Extent and biodiversity value of the Indigenous estate </li></ul><ul><li>Recognition of the value and depth of Indigenous ecological knowledge (including IP and prior informed consent) </li></ul><ul><li>People already collecting biodiversity data, using both indigenous and non-Indigenous methods </li></ul><ul><li>With the potential for a lot more! </li></ul>
  16. 18. References <ul><li>Altman, J. C. 2006. The Indigenous estate and the conservation estate: Integration possibilities for effective environmental management . Paper presented at the Parks and Protected Areas Management (PPAM) Conference, Queanbeyan, NSW, 2–3 August. </li></ul><ul><li>Altman, J. C., Buchanan, G. and Larsen, L. 2007.The environmental significance of the Indigenous estate: Natural resource management as economic development in remote Australia, CAEPR Discussion Paper No. 286 </li></ul><ul><li>Bird-Rose, D. 1996. Nourishing Terrains: Australian Aboriginal views of landscape and wilderness. Australian Heritage Commission, Canberra. </li></ul><ul><li>Woinarski, J.C.Z., Hempel, C. et al. 2006. Distributional pattern of plant species endemic to the Northern Territory, Australia. Australian Journal of Botany 54(7): 627-640. </li></ul><ul><li>Woinarski, J. C. Z., Mackey, B., Nix, H and Traill, B. 2007. The nature of northern Australia . ANU Epress, Canberra </li></ul>