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CakePHP
 

CakePHP

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CakePHP is a nice way of using MVC architecture in you PHP environment. Looking through this presentation you'll get introduced to MVC and get some start up code examples for you to explore.

CakePHP is a nice way of using MVC architecture in you PHP environment. Looking through this presentation you'll get introduced to MVC and get some start up code examples for you to explore.

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    CakePHP CakePHP Presentation Transcript

    • CakePHP
      Rapid Development Framework
    • Why CakePHP?
      MVC
      DRY
      ORM
      Convention over Configuration
      Architecture for developing, maintaining, and deploying applications
    • Basic Features
      • Model, View, Controller Architecture
      • Application Scaffolding
      • Code generation via Bake
      • Helpers for HTML, Forms, Pagination, AJAX, Javascript, XML, RSS and more
      • Access Control Lists and Authentication
      • Simple yet extensive validation of model data
    • Basic Features cont.
      • Router for mapping urls and handling extensions
      • Security, Session, and RequestHandler Components
      • Utility classes for working with Files, Folders, Arrays and more
    • What is Cake & Why?
      • Free & Open Source.
      • Rapid Development Frame Work Based Around MVC Methodology.
      • Templating, Helpers, Components. In short reusable code!
      • Built in Email, Cookie, Security, Session & Request Handling Components.
      • Caching.
    • Modle View Controller
      • Model View Controller design patter is based upon separating your code into three sections.
      • The Model represents the application data.
      • The View renders a presentation of the model data.
      • The Controller handles & routes requests made by the client.
    • Modle View Controller
    • Basic Principles of CakePHP
      • Conventions
      • Extensions
      • Controller Extensions - Components
      • View Extensions - Helpers
      • Model Extensions - Behaviors
      • CSS/HTML - Elements
    • How does it work?
      www.mycakeapp.com/controller/action/params/
    • Use Bake
      The CakePHP Bake console can create any of CakePHP’s basic ingredients: models, views and controllers. And I am not just talking skeleton classes: Bake can create a fully functional application in just a few minutes.
    • Use Bake
      In order to use the bakery, locate the cake bash script in your path and make it executable (make sure you have access rights to the path, using sudo -i or equivalent):
      $ cp cake/console/cake* /usr/local/bin/$ mv cake /usr/cake$ chmod 755 /usr/local/bin/cake
      Using the Bakery
      $ cake –help
      [..]
      acl [CORE] i18n [CORE]
      api [CORE] schema [CORE]
      bake [CORE] testsuite [CORE]
      console [CORE]
    • Let us create the tables for our application which will be a jobs board:
      CREATE TABLEIF NOT EXISTS `categories` (`id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,`name` varchar(255) COLLATE utf8_unicode_ci DEFAULT NULL, PRIMARY KEY (`id`)) ENGINE=MyISAM;CREATE TABLEIF NOT EXISTS `jobs` (`id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,`category_id` varchar(255) COLLATE utf8_unicode_ci NOT NULL,`title` varchar(255) COLLATE utf8_unicode_ci DEFAULT NULL,`body` text COLLATE utf8_unicode_ci,`company` varchar(255) COLLATE utf8_unicode_ci DEFAULT NULL,`job_type` varchar(100) COLLATE utf8_unicode_ci DEFAULT NULL,`created` datetime DEFAULT NULL, PRIMARY KEY (`id`)) ENGINE=MyISAM;CREATE TABLEIF NOT EXISTS `users` (`id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,`username` varchar(255) COLLATE utf8_unicode_ci NOT NULL,`pass` varchar(255) COLLATE utf8_unicode_ci NOT NULL,`name` varchar(255) COLLATE utf8_unicode_ci NOT NULL,`location` varchar(255) COLLATE utf8_unicode_ci DEFAULT NULL,`address` varchar(255) COLLATE utf8_unicode_ci DEFAULT NULL,`email` varchar(255) COLLATE utf8_unicode_ci DEFAULT NULL,`web` varchar(255) COLLATE utf8_unicode_ci DEFAULT NULL, PRIMARY KEY (`id`)) ENGINE=MyISAM;
    • Enter this code in your command prompt
      $ cd /var/www/newcakeapp$ cake bake all[..](Press) 1 (for categories)
      Bake generated the links for List jobs and New job, but it is not working at this moment as we did not bake files for jobs table yet.
      Repeat cake bake all as necessary.
      Now, point your browser to your categories controller. Go ahead and try to add an empty category. Validation is working, but messages need some tweaking. Notice how CakePHP added a Pagination below the table with Categories. Nice. And if you click on column names, data is sorted by that column!
    • Typical Request
    • Controllers pass args to model
      $this->set(‘view_var’, $controller_var);
    • Built-in Helpers
      Reusable code (DRY) accessible to any view.
      Paginator
      RSS
      Session
      Text
      Time
      • AJAX
      • Cache
      • Form*
      • HTML*
      • Javascript*
      • Number
      • Paginator
    • Built-in Components
      Reusable code (DRY) accessible to any controller.
      • Acl
      • Auth
      • Session
      • RequestHandler
      • Security
      • Email
      • Cookie
    • Directories
      • Config - Holds the application configuration files.
      • Database connection
      • Bootstrap
      • Core
      • Controllers - Contains your application controller & components.
      • Models - Contains your application models, behaviors & data sources.
    • Directories
      • Tmp - This is where CakePHP stores temporary data.
      • Vendors - Third Party Libraries.
      • Views - What the user sees.
      • Webroot - Contains CSS/JS/Flash/Etc Files
    • Resources
      • http://book.cakephp.org
      • http://bakery.cakephp.org
      • #cakephp on irc.freenode.net
      • http://cakephp.org/screencasts
      • http://logs.cakephp.nu
      • http://groups.google.com/group/cake-php
      • http://trac.cakephp.org