Water And Sanitation Software

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  • Hardware – sanitation facilities, community water system etc (tangible) Software-hand washing , water protection , safe excreta disposal- the behavior or activities (non-tangible)
  • Water And Sanitation Software

    1. 1. Health Education Component “ the software” in Control of Diarrheal Disease Alan Talens, MD, MPH&TM International Aid
    2. 3. Diarrheal diseases cause an estimate of 5,483 deaths per day mostly among children under five. WHO estimate
    3. 7. Diarrhea Malnutrition
    4. 9. Diarrhea mortality reduced but morbidity unchanged Source: Protecting and Promoting Human Health-- WHO and UNICEF
    5. 10. More than 80% of cases of diarrhea worldwide are a result of Fecal-Oral Contamination Source: Hygiene Improvement Framework USAID
    6. 11. Diarrhea is….. <ul><li>Common </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Serious </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Costly </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    7. 12. Exposure to pathogens is the most common cause of diarrhea
    8. 13. F F F F F
    9. 14. Hygiene Improvement Framework - USAID
    10. 15. FLUIDS
    11. 16. FIELDS UNICEF
    12. 17. FOOD UNICEF
    13. 18. FLIES UNICEF
    14. 19. FINGERS
    15. 20. Hygiene Improvement Framework - USAID Blocking the Paths
    16. 21. The most successful Interventions to prevent diarrhea
    17. 22. Improved Sanitation UNICEF
    18. 23. Improved Water Quality
    19. 24. Improved Water Quantity
    20. 25. Increase Hand Washing
    21. 26. Diarrhea is preventable through essential hygiene practices
    22. 27. The Three Key Elements in a comprehensive approach in diarrhea prevention
    23. 28. #1 Access to water and sanitation Hardware and Technologies
    24. 29. #2 Promoting healthy Hygiene Behaviors
    25. 30. Hygiene Promotion is an approach to prevent diarrheal disease through adoption of safe hygiene practices UNICEF
    26. 31. <ul><li>Go to the People </li></ul><ul><li>Live among them </li></ul><ul><li>Love them </li></ul><ul><li>Learn from them </li></ul><ul><li>Start from where they are </li></ul><ul><li>Work with them. </li></ul><ul><li>Build on what they have. </li></ul><ul><li>But of the best leaders, When the </li></ul><ul><li>task is accomplished, The work completed </li></ul><ul><li>The people all remark: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;We have done it ourselves“ </li></ul><ul><li>Lao Tzu ( 700BC ) </li></ul>
    27. 32. What are the Strategies in Hygiene Promotion ?
    28. 33. Strategy #1 is a Comprehensive Communication Strategy
    29. 34. Knowledge Practice and Coverage SURVEY
    30. 40. Logo and message from Formative Study on use of zinc for diarrhea (IA Philippines
    31. 44. <ul><li>Review existing materials </li></ul><ul><li>Design new materials </li></ul>
    32. 51. #3 Strengthening the Enabling Environment
    33. 55. Diarrhea is….. <ul><li>Common </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Serious </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Costly </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    34. 56. Diarrhea is preventable
    35. 57. Thank You

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