Water-Borne Diseases in India


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Water-borne diseases and water-caused health problems are mostly due to inadequate and incompetent management of water resources. Sometimes the water gets contaminated at source due to various reasons and mainly due to inflow of sewage into the source.

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Water-Borne Diseases in India

  1. 1. Water-borne diseasesare infectious diseasesspread primarilythrough contaminatedwater. Though thesediseases are spreadeither directly orthrough flies or filth,water is the chiefmedium for spread ofthese diseases andhence they are termedas water-bornediseases.
  2. 2. Causes :Water borne diseases are mainly caused by: Protozoa, viruses or bacteria Cryptosporidiosis, also known as crypto, is aparasitic disease caused by a protozoan parasite. Crypto affects the intestines and is typically anacute short-term infection. It is spread through thefecal-oral route, often through contaminated waterin swimming pools. Giardiasis is a diarrheal infection of the sameintestine by a single-celled organism called Giardialamblia. 3diseases, cryptosporidiosis, giardiasis,legionnaires disease, spread by drinking or inhalingcontaminated water cost the U.S. healthcaresystem as much as $539million a year in hospital
  3. 3. 5 most common dangerous waterrelated diseases that occur in India: Cholera Hepatitis A and E Typhoid Filariasis Dysentery
  4. 4. Preventive Measures: Water-borne epidemics and healthhazards in the aquatic environment aremainly due to improper management ofwater resources. Proper management of water resourceshas become the need of the hour as thiswould ultimately lead to a cleaner andhealthier environment. The city water supply should be properlychecked and necessary steps taken todisinfect it. Water pipes should be regularlychecked for leaks and cracks. At home, the water should be boiled,filtered, or other methods and necessarysteps taken to ensure that it is free frominfection.