African-American History ~ Harlem Renaissance
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African-American History ~ Harlem Renaissance






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  • (copyleft 2008) Chad David Cover.Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 1.0 Generic. See
  • The 369th Infantry, aka the Harlem Hellfighters, fought alongside the French in an integrated unit.
  • Malvin Gray Johnson, “Negro Soldier”
  • Some of the men of the 369th United States Infantry returning home after World War I. The 369th served in the trenches longer than any other American outfit and had the distinction of having never had a single man captured, or lost a trench or a foot of ground. They are wearing the Croix de Guerre awarded to 171 officers and men by the French government for thier accomplishments on the battlefield.
  • The parade of the 369th Infantry Regiment up Fifth Avenue in New York City on Feb. 18, 1919. TheGermans nicknamed the unit the “Hell Fighters.”
  • 50,000 African-American soldiers served in Europe where they met other colonized & diasporal people. 175,000 North Africans served on the Western Front in the French Army.
  • Albert Smith, “The Reason,” The Crisis, March 1920
  • From In Motion: “Black and white recruiters from northern companies were paid to go south and entice workers. They made exaggerated promises of high wages and good living conditions. The low wages of the South made offers, reduced by one-half by skeptical migrants, too good to pass up. Once in the North, the migrants were once again enticed by various companies to come and work for them.”Hide indexing informationImage ID: 08_020Title: Jacob Lawrence. "The labor agent sent south by northern industry was a familiar presence in the Black communities." Panel 28 from The Migration Series, 1940-41 (text and title revised by the artist, 1993).Name: Lawrence, Jacob (1917- ) - ArtistPublished: 1940-41, 1993Location: The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY / Gift of Mrs. David M. Levy [28.1942.14]. © 2004 Gwendolyn Knight Lawrence / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York. Digital Image © The Museum of Modern Art / Licensed by SCALA / Art Resource, NY.

African-American History ~ Harlem Renaissance African-American History ~ Harlem Renaissance Presentation Transcript

  • The Harlem Renaissance
  • The Great War
  • A War For Democracy?
  • Harlem Hell Fighters
  • Over Here
  • Over There
  • The Great Migration
  • “The Reason”
  • Recruitment
  • Sources of the Migration
  • “Self-confident, Urban & Northern”
  • Black Metropolis
  • Harlem Renaissance
  • “Black Belt”
  • The Promised Land?
    Migration blacks faced discrimination in the North:
    Union Discrimination(excepting UMW & Meatpackers’ Union)
    Job Discrimination
    Wildcat Strikes
    Housing Discrimination
    Race RiotsEast St. Louis Riot (July, 1917)26 Race Riots in 1919Tulsa Riot (May, 1921)Rosewood Massacre (Jan, 1923)
  • Tulsa Race Riot
  • Garveyism& the UNIA
  • “The New Negro Has No Fear”