Womens suffrage in the UnitedStates…. Was achieved gradually, at state and local levels, during the late 19th century and early 20th century
NINETEENTH-CENTURY EFFORTS Before the Civil War, the idea of women voting was a radical concept that threatened the traditional male role as head of the household. In 1848, Elizabeth Cady Stanton wrote "The Declaration of Rights and Sentiments," women laid claim to the need for judicial, religious, and civil equality with men. In 1848 Stanton and Mott decided the time was right to hold the first womens rights convention, where they would discuss not only rights but also social conditions of the day.
In 1890: National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA).
By the 1910s woman suffrage had become a mass movement. A parallel and much more radical movement was being carried out in Britain. Led by Emmaline Pankhurst, British suffragettes resorted to violence, riots, and arson to effect their aims. Their burning of buildings, blowing up of mailboxes, and hunger strikes gained critical publicity for the suffragists cause.
TWENTIETH-CENTURYMOVEMENTS In the twentieth century, the focus turned to a crusade by the National American Womans Suffrage Association to pass a national amendment, the Susan B. Anthony Amendment authorizing suffrage, which had been presented to Congress annually from 1870 on, but until 1914 the resolution never had sufficient support for an affirmative vote, much less the requisite two-thirds majority.
OTHER COUNTRIES European countries such as Finland (1906), Norway (1913), and Denmark and Iceland (1915) granted women the vote early in the 20th century. Other continental powers were quick to accord women the right to vote at the end of World War I.
DID YOU KNOW? In 1923, the National Womens Party proposed an amendment to the Constitution that prohibited all discrimination on the basis of sex. The so-called Equal Rights Amendment has never been ratified.