Growth of Slavery, 1780-1865
Cotton Kingdom
U.S. Slave Population
698,000
894,000
1,191,000
1,538,000
2,009,000
2,487,000
3,204,000
3,954,000
1790 1800 1810 1820 1830...
Proportion of Slaves
1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860
8% 11% 14% 13% 14% 13% 12% 11%
92%
89%
86% 87% 86% 87% 88% 89...
Where Did Slaves Live?
Plantations of
1 - 9 Slaves
25%
Plantations of
10 - 49 Slaves
50%
Plantations of
50+ Slaves
25%
Who Owned Slaves?
Slave
Owners
36%
Non-
Slave
Owners
64%
Percentage of Southern
Slave Owners, 1830
Slave
Owners
26%
Non-
S...
Profile of Slave Owners
OWN
75% of slaves 25% of slaves
3% of
slaveholders
OWN
Owners 1 - 49 Slaves
Owners 50+ Slaves
97% ...
Distribution of Slave Labor
Missouri Compromise
Growth of Slave Population
Domestic Slave Trade
Slave Auction
Slave Coffle
Domestic Slave Trade Routes
Resistance: Revolt
Resistance: Running Away
Resistance: Organized Protest
Compromise of 1850
Dred Scott Decision
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African-American History ~ Growth of Slavery

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Slides on the growth of slavery from the American Revolution until the Civil War.

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  • (copyleft 2007) Chad David Cover.

    Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 1.0 Generic. See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/1.0/
  • Harper's Weekly (Dec. 18, 1869), p. 813. (Copy in Special Collections Department, University of Virginia Library)
    Comments Caption: "The First Cotton Gin". Shows two black men operating the gin, women carrying bales, children helping; also two white men. Illustration accompanies an article (p. 814) describing the construction of this gin, a model that preceded the one invented by Eli Whitney. A version of this image was later published in Charles C. Coffin, Building the Nation (New York, 1883), p. 76.
  • Territorial Accommodation
    Stronger Fugitive Slave Law
    Washington D.C. Slave Market shut down (although private sales remained legal, as did slavery)
  • African-American History ~ Growth of Slavery

    1. 1. Growth of Slavery, 1780-1865
    2. 2. Cotton Kingdom
    3. 3. U.S. Slave Population 698,000 894,000 1,191,000 1,538,000 2,009,000 2,487,000 3,204,000 3,954,000 1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860
    4. 4. Proportion of Slaves 1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 8% 11% 14% 13% 14% 13% 12% 11% 92% 89% 86% 87% 86% 87% 88% 89% % Free % Enslaved
    5. 5. Where Did Slaves Live? Plantations of 1 - 9 Slaves 25% Plantations of 10 - 49 Slaves 50% Plantations of 50+ Slaves 25%
    6. 6. Who Owned Slaves? Slave Owners 36% Non- Slave Owners 64% Percentage of Southern Slave Owners, 1830 Slave Owners 26% Non- Slave Owners 74% Percentage of Southern Slave Owners, 1850
    7. 7. Profile of Slave Owners OWN 75% of slaves 25% of slaves 3% of slaveholders OWN Owners 1 - 49 Slaves Owners 50+ Slaves 97% of Slaveholders
    8. 8. Distribution of Slave Labor
    9. 9. Missouri Compromise
    10. 10. Growth of Slave Population
    11. 11. Domestic Slave Trade
    12. 12. Slave Auction
    13. 13. Slave Coffle
    14. 14. Domestic Slave Trade Routes
    15. 15. Resistance: Revolt
    16. 16. Resistance: Running Away
    17. 17. Resistance: Organized Protest
    18. 18. Compromise of 1850
    19. 19. Dred Scott Decision

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