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Worktrek 1
 

Worktrek 1

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Week 1 of Worktrek Toweards Jerusalem June 2011

Week 1 of Worktrek Toweards Jerusalem June 2011

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    Worktrek 1 Worktrek 1 Presentation Transcript

    • Worktrek 1
      Towards Jerusalem
      June 2011
    • Itinerary
      Mon: Tel Aviv to Jericho
      Tue: Jericho, Ramallah, Nablus
      Wed: Nablus, Sebastia, Nazareth
      Thu: Galilee, Capernaum, Nazareth
      Fri: Galilee, Banyas, Golan, Nazareth
      Sat: Bet Sean, Qumran, Wilderness
      Sun: Bethlehem, Wilderness
      Mon: Bethlehem
      The second week was based in Bethlehem, with visits to Herodium, Hebron, Jerusalem, Masada, Engedi, Dead Sea
      Mon: via YadVashem to Tel Aviv
    • Monday – Tel Aviv to Jericho
    • Jericho Intercontinental Hotel
      A SPOT OF LUXURY TO SET THE TONE
    • Tuesday – Mount of Temptation
      Monastery on a Mountain.
    • Mount of Temptation, Jericho
      Cable cars
      Fertile land
    • Three cities of Jericho
      1. old city – excavated – deep pits show levels
      No remains from Joshua.
      Rebuilt in Ahab’s time.
      Zedekiah fled there before he was captured.
      Saw his sons killed, then lost his eyes before going into exile.
    • Three cities of Jericho
      2. NEW TESTAMENT CITY
      Different site
      Now just ruins
      3. CURRENT CITY
      Oldest inhabited town
    • From Jericho to Nablus
      winding road
      bedouin
    • Bedouin
      Keep animals in desert
      Live in tents
      Government pressure to live in houses
    • Ramallah (God’s Mountain)
      carob juice seller
      yasserarafat’s tomb
    • Dr HusamZomlot
      international relations
      FATAH Deputy commissioner for
      The right of the Palestinians to self-determination is clear.
      Israel must pull out of the occupied territories.
      Palestinians have protested peacefully, but since the peace process began, Israeli settlements have trebled.
    • Why does Israel break the law?
      Fear factor
      Ignorance factor
      Comfort factor
      Balance of power
      ANC: worse than South Africa
      Aim - ‘ethnic cleansing’
      Means – intimidation & force
    • Israeli Government Policy
      un-nationalise Palestine
      separate West Bank from Gaza
      occupy West Bank by building illegal settlements and military bases
      carve up the West Bank by “Israeli-only” roads
      politically – eliminate Palestinian power
      socio-economically – strangle Palestinians
      make it difficult for Palestinians to stay
      confiscate ID’s of Palestinians whose life is not based in Jerusalem for 3 years
    • How should Palestinians respond?
      Negotiation is a futile game
      Resist peacefully (keep moral high ground)
      International pressure – boycott Israeli goods
      Hamas and Fatah need to get together
      Build institutions to serve Palestinians
      (not to demonstrate being worthy of statehood)
      Focus on Palestinians’ right to move freely within their own country
    • Important factors – for and against
      IN FAVOUR of resolution
      obstacles
      Most people want peace
      Judaism is about justice
      5 main pro-Palestine voices in USA are all Jews
      Obama favours a 2-state solution & UN recognition
      60% of Israelis are Arab Jews from North Africa
      Evangelical Zionism in USA
      80 million want Israel to pave the way for Messiah
      The West is cowardly
      e.g. Britain favours a 2-state solution, but does nothing
      1967 recognition of Israel as a state, but Palestine only as a people (rep by PLO)
      ‘disputed’ or ‘occupied’?
    • Wednesday -Nablus (‘new city’)
      Built by Romans on ancient site of Shechem
    • Acts 8 – “a city of Samaria”?
    • Samaritans
      Smallest minority in the world
      Left behind after Assyrian invasion of Northern kingdom (722 BCE)
      Only 700 remain
      400 live in Nablus
      Only accept Torah
    • Nablus High Street
    • Nablus Market
    • Nablus Market
    • Nablus Market
    • Nablus – local sweet speciality
      SOFT CHEESE & sugar
      £1.50
    • Bread shops
    • Nablus Soap Factory
      inside
      outside
    • Former Soap Factory – bombed
    • Nablus Anglican Church
    • Father Ibrahim
    • Five problems
      Jerusalem
      Borders & checkpoints
      Settlements
      Water
      Refugee camps
      All overcome by 1-state solution
    • Practical steps
      Gathers Muslims, Christians & Samaritans together.
      Joint youth camps.
      All Imams in Nablus gather together regularly for a meal at the church.
    • Jacob’s Well
      Between Mt Gerazim (blessings) & Mt Nebo (curses).
      Story of Jacob’s well parallels modern water struggle.
      Palestinians can only dig 70 m. OK for surface water, but not for artesian wells (‘living water’ in Jn 4).
    • Orthodox Convent
      Very few Greek Orthodox churches left: most taken over by Franciscans.
      Destroyed in 529 - Justinian’s persecution
      and 614 - Persian invasion.
      Present convent rebuilt in 1990.
    • The road to Sebastia (Samaria)
      Olive trees cut down by army.
      Some over 100 yrs old.
      Destroy evidence that Palestinians have been there for generations.
      Palestinian farmers have to grow citrus fruit – less profitable.
    • Parallel with Nebuchadnezzar
      Cut down trees
      Put stones in fields
      Block wells
      Aim - make land less inhabitable
      Nehemiah had to undo the damage
    • The road to Sebastia (Samaria)
    • Hussam’s story
      Visited Jerusalem as a boy with his father
      Not to speak Arabic in public
      Arrested at 15 for not carrying papers
      Enjoyed stoning soldiers
      Arrested at 17, interrogated for 54 days
      6 months in prison.
      City decided not to pay taxes to Israel
      Resisted debt collectors
      ‘Wanted person’ – shot in the leg
      3 months in hospital
      1991 – 15 days in prison
      Spoke to a guard who seemed OK.
    • Hussam’s story
      Introduced to nonviolence
      Became a tour guide
      Studied nonviolence
      MA in conflict resolution
      Now trains people in nonviolence in West Bank
      Sees his previous acts as nonviolent resistance
      Active and non-active ways of being non-violent
      Active options: awareness raising, direct action and strategic campaigns
    • Sebastia (Samaria)
    • “Samaria”
      can refer to
      the region of Samaria
      the city of Samaria
      a city of Samaria
      The capital city was
      first Shechem (Nablus)
      then Samaria (Omri)
    • Three temples in Samaria
      Ahab
      Omri
      Herod
    • Travel to Nazareth
      Passed olive trees planted hundreds of years ago.
      Olive trees take 75 years to mature, and live almost forever.
      ‘People of the land’ love the land and invest their lives in it.
    • Nazareth Guest House
    • Thursday - Nazareth
    • Nazareth
    • Mount of Beatitudes
      ‘Blessed’ [‘tooba’ in Aramaic] is an active word – ‘standing up, being involved’
    • Capernaum
    • Peter’s house, Capernaum
    • Capernaum Synagogue
      Solid wall to north
      External stairs to balcony for women
      Men (downstairs) have better view
      Jewish Christians
      1 Cor 14:35
      “ask their husbands at home”
    • Boat - Lake of Galilee
    • Friday
    • Breaking bread by the Lake
    • Hazor National Park
      “tell”
      city set on a hill
      Canaanite period
    • Caesarea Philippi
      Gates of Hades
      Temple to Pan
      Also called Panyas
    • Caesarea Philippi
      St George (El Hadr) was a Druze
      Became a Christian & local hero.
      ‘Killing the dragon’ was probably stopping the annual sacrifice of a virgin to the river dragon.
    • Golan Heights (Southern Syria)
      Druze village
      Lunch in a house/school
      Medical Centre
      Minefields
    • Who are the Druze?
      Branch of Islam.
      Roots are a mixture of Greek philosophy and Buddhism.
    • Nazareth Synagogue Church
      Saturday
      Luke 4:16-30
    • Sunday
    • Church of the Nativity
    • Monday - Final wilderness meal
      Then travel to Bethlehem
      3 Christian cities in W. Bank
      Bethlehem
      BeitSahour
      BeitJalla has 9,000 Christians and a further 60,000 in Chile
    • The Wall