Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Samuel Ajai Crowther

5,728 views

Published on

Samuel Ajai Crowther

Published in: Spiritual, Travel, Business
  • Be the first to comment

Samuel Ajai Crowther

  1. 1. MISSIONARY TO YORUBALANDSamuel Ajayi Crowther (1807 – 1891) By Dr. Peter Hammond
  2. 2. MISSIONARY TO YORUBALANDSamuel Ajayi Crowther (1807 – 1891) By Dr. Peter Hammond
  3. 3. SETTING THE CAPTIVES FREEOne of the many fruits of William Wilberforce’s life-longcrusade against the slave trade, was that Samuel AjayiCrowther, who was born , in Yorubaland, in 1807, theyear Great Britian abolished the slave trade, became thefirst African bishop of the Church of England.
  4. 4. EnslavedSamuel Crowther was born in Yorubaland At age 13, Hewas captured by African slavers
  5. 5. and sold to a Portuguese trader for transport across the Atlantic.
  6. 6. FreedSamuel was rescued by a British naval squadron in 1822 and put ashore at Freetown.
  7. 7. From 1809 the British government mobilised its navy to search suspected slave ships, even foreign vessels, on the high seas.
  8. 8. For a century, the Royal Navy was dedicatedto setting the captives free, going far beyond clearing the oceans of slave ships,
  9. 9. to boldly sailing up unchartered rivers and creeks,
  10. 10. to storm slave stockades,
  11. 11. freeing captives at every turn.
  12. 12. Great Britain dedicated it’s resources to fighting and opposing the slave trade.
  13. 13. The British spent millions of pounds in suppressingthe slave trade, and sacrificed much blood in fighting to set the captives free.
  14. 14. The West-African country of Sierra Leone had been established by British Evangelicals to serve as a haven for freed slaves.
  15. 15. Britain invested vast amounts of money intodeveloping Sierra Leone as a free and independent state, where liberated slaves could settle.
  16. 16. Converted In Sierra Leone, Crowther was converted to Christ. He received an education both in Sierra Leone and in England.
  17. 17. “About the third year of my liberation from the slavery of man, I was convinced ofanother worse state ofslavery, that of sin andsatan. I was admittedinto the visible Churchof Christ here on earth as a soldier to fight manfully under His banner against spiritual enemies.”
  18. 18. CalledIn 1843, he was ordained as a Church of England minister for service with the Church Missionary Society (CMS).
  19. 19. Impact Crowther was one of the leaders of a successful missionary venture that took him, and several other formerslaves back to their native Yorubaland, where a vigorous Christianity soon developed.
  20. 20. One of the first converts Samuelbaptised was his ownmother – who took the Christian name – Hannah.His language Yoruba became the first African Language tobe used for Church of England liturgy in worship.
  21. 21. Yoruba Christian worship was distinctly Protestant and Evangelical in the Church of England style. Crowther led converts in burying or destroying their traditional charms, fetishes and idols.
  22. 22. In 1864, Crowther was ordained as the first African bishop of the Church of England in an overflowing Canterbury Cathedral
  23. 23. Crusade Against Slavery and directed to undertake a mission along the Niger River.This was to follow up on the Niger expedition of 1841, which was led by William Wilberforce’s successor, Foxwell Buxton.
  24. 24. T. Foxwell Buxton was an Evangelical leader in Parliament and an anti-slavery crusader.
  25. 25. His expedition up the Niger River Valley of West Africa was to overcome theravages of the slave industry still entrenched there. Of the 145 Europeans on that expedition, 130 were struck down with Malaria, and 40 died.
  26. 26. TransformationYet, the expedition succeeded in establishing a Missionary Centre at Fourah Bay for training liberated slaves to evangelise West Africa. It was built on the very place where a slave market had once stood..
  27. 27. The rafters of its roof were made almost entirely from the masts of old slave ships.
  28. 28. Samuel Crowther was one of the first fourstudents to graduated from Fourah Bay College, sub Saharan Africa’s first university.
  29. 29. Winning Muslims to Christ Samuel laboured diligently to bring theGospel to the diverse tribes along the Niger River, producing Biblical tracts and Scripture texts dealing with witchcraft and charms.
  30. 30. He also dealt with the common ground between the Qur’an and the Scriptures, and produced Gospel presentations for Muslims founded entirely on Biblical quotations.
  31. 31. Teaching God’s BookCrowther wrote in 1854 of his contact with King Ogara of Panda: “I asked if he would like his people to be taught God’s Book, and how to worship God as we do in the white man’s country…
  32. 32. …for it was these twothings together which made England great, and that they would bring peace and prosperity to anycountry who received and embraced them …he replied …that hewas very desirous thatwar should cease, thathis people might trade and be taught God’s Book; he wished us many blessings…”
  33. 33. He was effective in opposing slavery, witchcraftand Islam and, and won many converts among the Nupe and the Hausa.
  34. 34. Enduring Fruit Bishop Crowther workedeffectively at indigenising an Evangelical Anglicanism, which was truly African. Today there are over 14million Anglicans in Nigeria.
  35. 35. REFORMATION SOCIETYPO Box 74Newlands, 7725Cape TownSouth AfricaE-mail:info@ReformationSA.orgWeb: www.ReformationSA.org

×