Stki Summit09 Infra V10

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STKI Annual summit 2009 - infrastructure trends

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Stki Summit09 Infra V10

  1. 1. Trends in the Israeli Infrastructure Market 2009 Your Text here Your Text here Pini Cohen EVP & Senior Analyst Architecture & Infrastructure Strategies pinicohenstki.blogspot.com 1 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  2. 2. Agenda • General – SOI service oriented infrastructure 1 – Cloud Computing 2 – Open Source and other general issues 3 – Major Trends 4 – General recommendations 5 • Technology domains – Development 6 7– Enterprise System Management 8– Servers 9– Desktop 10 – Storage Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI 2 Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  3. 3. Scenario: Adapting in Healthy Ways, Rather General Than Fixating Adaptive organizations have a core foundation of values and principles that keep them from chasing their tails every time tactical winds blow Cost Risk and Transformation Quality Speed 3 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  4. 4. Agility attributes General Agility Attributes of the Adaptive • Economic agility Organization • Technology agility – Infrastructure Technology – Architecture Human Agility Resource – Application portfolio Agility • Human resource agility Economic Agility • Operational agility Adaptive • Process agility IT Operational Organ- Agility • Strategic agility ization • Organizational, innovational, and Strategic Agility learning agility Process Organization Agility Innovative Learning Agility Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI 4 Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  5. 5. What’s the Problem With General Infrastructure? • Too much stuff • Handoffs don’t work • Costs too much • Too much theory or too little • Too slow practice • Nothing works together Application Infrastructure Integration Deployment Operations Development Planning Testing Installation The infrastructure as we now it today is very rigid and this causes very poor utilization (40% or less) 5 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  6. 6. Example of Service Definition General • • Name: Identity infrastructure service Examples – • MSFT Active Directory (NOS file and print) Owner: Bob Smith, architect – MSFT Passport online service • Description • Principles – Providing user identity information (attributes), – including authentication credentials and related Simple authentication is usually enough SSO services; also offers Web URL permissions – Replication to scale (mostly read-only) • Use case • Component and service manifest – Direct use by application (LDAP) – API: LDAP, Web server exits, proprietary – Indirect use via Web server (with attribute – Presentation: NA passing in headers) – Application server: NA (see Web SSO) – Direct use by application (security APIs) – Integration: Metadirectory utilities • Service-level matches – Database: iPlanet Directory Server – + Scalability (over 500 users, etc.) – Server HW/OS: Sun Solaris on SPARC … – + Scale incrementally using replicas – Storage: EMC SAN – – Direct application support – Network: NA • Pricing – Security: Netegrity SiteMinder Web SSO – – “Included” in e-business costs Management: Delegated admin, … • Maturity – Installed since 2001 with all customer names – Used by X, Y, Z apps now 6 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  7. 7. What Are the Benefits of a Ensemble General Infrastructure? • Technology reuse Ensemble – Pattern blueprints: Architecture, technology, product, configuration – Technical services: Process Actual implementations • IT Process reuse – Pattern matching Technology People – Service support P2 – P8 Predictive costing P1 P7 P P3 1 P3 – Experience gained: Good and bad practices P7 P5 P4 P6 P8 • People reuse – Fewer technology skills specific to the pattern J1 J1 T1 T2 J3 J2 T2 T7 – More common roles focused in fewer service J6 T8 J4 T1 J4 J7 T3 T4 T3 J2 J6 areas J8 T5 J5 T6 Today : Too many technologies, too many processes, not enough people 7 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  8. 8. Infrastructure Services General • Infrastructure services are very appealing • However in many cases this involves: – Saying “no” – Buying “more expensive equipment” than needed 8 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  9. 9. Infrastructure Services are the building blocks General of Ensembles Ensemble is a combination of specific Infrastructure Services that enable execution of specific Mashup for specific Business Process T6 T2 T1 T3 T8 T7 T5 T4 Gateway T8 T7 T2 T7 T8 T6 T3 T1 T1 T5 T4 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 Applications Infrastructure Services Services Puzzle Builder 9 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  10. 10. General - What is Cloud Computing? Cloud 1. data and services reside in massively scalable data centers 2. accessed from any connected devices over the internet. Web 2.0- enabled PCs, Businesses, 4+ billion phones by 2010 TVs, etc. from startups to enterprises 10 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  11. 11. General - Cloud Computing Modularity Cloud Desktop as a service Software as a service (standard applications) Platform as a service (custom applications) Infrastructure as a service (compute, storage, network) 11 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  12. 12. General - Requirements for Cloud Services Cloud • Multitenant. A cloud service must support multiple, organizationally distant customers. • Elasticity. Tenants should be able to negotiate and receive resources/QoS on- demand. • Resource Sharing. Ideally, spare cloud resources should be transparently applied when a tenant’s negotiated QoS is insufficient, e.g., due to spikes. • Horizontal scaling. It should be possible to add cloud capacity in small increments; this should be transparent to the tenants of the service. • Metering. A cloud service must support accounting that reasonably ascribes operational and capital expenditures to each of the tenants of the service. • Security. A cloud service should be secure in that tenants are not made vulnerable because of loopholes in the cloud. • Availability. A cloud service should be highly available. • Operability. A cloud service should be easy to operate, with few operators. Operating costs should scale linearly or better with the capacity of the service. http://209.85.129.132/search?q=cache:IRrnbGDGMLsJ:www.cse.iitb.ac.in/co mad/2008/uploads/K_Raghu_CloudComputing.ppt+Multitenancy+Elasticity+fil etype:ppt&hl=iw&ct=clnk&cd=2&gl=il&client=firefox-a http://www.cse.iitb.ac.in/comad/2008/uploads/K_Raghu_CloudComputing.ppt 12 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  13. 13. General - Amazon EC2 Cloud 13 Source: http://aws.amazon.com/ec2/#pricing Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  14. 14. General - Mosso - Cloud Files Cloud 1 TB = 4K$~ per year 14 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  15. 15. General - Amazon SimpleDB Cloud • web service providing the core database functions of data indexing and querying 15 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  16. 16. Amazon Simple Queue Service General - Cloud (Amazon SQS) • Offers a reliable, highly scalable, hosted queue for storing messages as they travel between computers • Pay only for what you use. There is no minimum fee. Estimate your monthly bill using AWS Simple Monthly Calculator. • $0.01 per 10,000 Amazon SQS Requests ($0.000001 per Request) • Amazon SQS requests are CreateQueue, ListQueues, DeleteQueue, SendMessage, ReceiveMessage, DeleteMessage, SetQueueAttributes and GetQueueAttributes • Data Transfer • * $0.100 per GB – all data transfer in • * $0.170 per GB – first 10 TB / month data transfer out • http://aws.amazon.com/sqs/#pricing 16 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  17. 17. General - So many new alternatives-players! Cloud Availability Operability Structured SQL/ACID Global low Consisten cy model Updates latency access Elastic Sherpa Y! UDB MySQL Oracle HDFS BigTable Dynamo Cassandra 17 http://www.cse.iitb.ac.in/comad/2008/uploads/K_Ragh 17 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic u_CloudComputing.ppt
  18. 18. General - Microsoft Online Services - BPOS Cloud Enterprise class software delivered via subscription services hosted by Microsoft and sold with partners https://partner.microsoft.com/download/sverige/40097312 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI 18 Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  19. 19. General - Standard and Dedicated Versions (BPOS) Cloud • Single customer per architecture • Multiple customers, one architecture • Businesses greater than 5,000 seats • Customer needs rapid deployment • Optimize for 20,000+ • No seat limit • Customer needs most server features • Cost efficiency a key focus 19 https://partner.microsoft.com/download/sverige/40097312 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  20. 20. General - Data Center Locations Cloud Netherlands China Illinois Ireland Japan Washington India Virginia Singapore California Texas Puerto Rico Microsoft is planning Current Online locations to have 1M servers by the end of 2009 Proposed future Online locations Other Microsoft locations https://partner.microsoft.com/download/sverige/4 20 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI 0097312 STKI modifications Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  21. 21. Retail Pricing General - Cloud Exchange Online Standard Business Productivity $10.00 Online Suite Office SharePoint Online Standard Includes: $7.25 Exchange Standard 38% off SharePoint Standard Office Communications Online Office Communications (IM and Presence)—Not in V1 Live Meeting Standard $2.50 $15.00 Office Live Meeting Standard $4.50 Exchange Online Deskless Worker Suite Deskless Worker1 $2.00 SharePoint Online $3.00 Deskless Worker1 $2.00 Available in H1/2009 1 https://partner.microsoft.com/download/sverige/40097312 21 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  22. 22. General - Microsoft Cloud Services Cloud Azure Services Platform ™ Microsoft Microsoft SharePoint Dynamics CRM Services Services Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  23. 23. General - Cloud Cloud + Virtualization Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  24. 24. General - Cloud Software + Services Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  25. 25. General - The Cast Iron Integration Solution Cloud Today’s Approach Traditional Approach Benefits • No Software to install CRM or maintain • Configuration, not coding • Weeks, not months Enterprise Home CRM Grown Software CRM Integration Enterprise Integration Home grown Software integration (TIBCO, webMethods) Source: 25 http://salesforce.vo.llnwd.net/o1/us/community/ppt/TEX004 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI _Cast%20Iron.ppt Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  26. 26. General - Flexible Deployment Options Cloud Integration on Premise Customer’s Data Center Virtual Appliances Powered By Cast Iron* Integration as a Service Cast Iron Cloud™ Source: http://salesforce.vo.llnwd.net/o1/us/community/ppt/TEX004_Cast%20Iron.ppt 26 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  27. 27. General - Cloud Computing Challenges Cloud Source: http://www.reservoir-fp7.eu/twiki/pub/Reservoir/PresentationsPage/081126_-_RESERVOIR_Overview_-_TAB.ppt http://gigaom.com/2008/07/01/10-reasons-enterprises-arent-ready-to-trust-the-cloud/ 27 27 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  28. 28. Gmail issues General - Cloud http://www.haaretz.co.il/captain/spages/1066642.html 28 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  29. 29. General Example for potential new business model - Cloud Different SAAS providers Integrator is responsible for Old Fashion (Salseforce Netsuite) + different SAAS and hosting integrator Pay per use – managed Licensing User Pay per use- to the integrator separately for each SAAS provider Servers - User owned – At different SAAS provider’s AT SAAS and integrator site Integrator HW site and in the users location responsibility User owned – PC’s Integrator responsibility Integrator responsibility Integrator responsibility User Integrator Split responsibilities between Integrator responsibility responsibility but perspective Integrator and SAAS providers expensive. Utilization is a joke! Integrator Bad -The SAAS provider might Good but costly - needs to Good add more services that will maintain high skills for 29 perspective Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI take the integrator’s place. hostingSAAS Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  30. 30. New player – Integration Business General - Cloud & SaaS Solutions(IBSS) • IBSS is new player – With IBSS providing variety of Pay per use- to the Licensing hosting services and integrator linksintegration to Servers - HW AT SAAS and IBSS site different SAAS providers PC’s Integrator responsibility • IBSS clients are the integrators User perspective Integrator responsibility • Example: Spine.co.il Integrator Good and cheaper – less skills are needed less perspective investment 30 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  31. 31. General Open Why Companies Use Open Source Source • Freedom / Flexibility • Lowers barriers to entry / exit • Can’t afford to build new applications from scratch • Tired of waiting on hold for support • Speed up development • Purchase only the functionality needed • Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) • ROI is shortened Source: AnyOpen Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI 31 Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  32. 32. Solution - OSS quality General Open Source • Emerging Vendors Utilize OSS Defects Per Thousands – Netezza lines of Code • Data warehousing appliance – Commodity hardware (servers, CPUs, storage) 0.00057 – PostgreSQL, Linux • End user clients utilize OSS – Retail – in-store appliances – Travel – web sites, fee schedules, reservations 0.00009 MySQL Commercial Source: Reasoning Inc. Be assured the next generation of developers/entrepreneurs will build on OSS Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI 32 Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  33. 33. General Open Source 33 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  34. 34. General Open Source 34 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  35. 35. General Open Source 35 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  36. 36. General Microsoft OpenSource site Open Source 36 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  37. 37. Microsoft IIS: An Interoperable Web General Open Server Source • Build and Run Web applications in a high-performance and reliable way along side ASP.NET with IIS 7.0 FastCGI. Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  38. 38. ISV’s are offering Open Source as General Open alternative for commercial Source products • IBI is offering R-Statistics as basic alternative for MATLAB http://www.informationbuilders.de/Kundentage-presentations/15-10-08/3_IBI_BI_2-0_DaveSmall.pdf Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  39. 39. General STKI Madad Open Source •Lately we have received lots of Open Source related inquiries – maturity, support, reference, prices of: •OpenOffice •Tomcat •Jboss •MySQL •Drupal •Nagios •Subversion 39 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  40. 40. Online Bids General Procurement • Online bids are powerful tool in case of real competition of commodity products (apples vs. apples) • Suggested steps are – technical  traditional negotiation for getting 2-3 suppliers for best of final online bid • In case there is no real competition online bids can not help Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI 40 Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  41. 41. Example for Depreciation period for HW General Procurement • Backbone network equipment – 7 years • System SW (backup) - 7 years • Business Applications SW – 10 years • MF, Unix, Windows – 5-4 years • PC SW – 5 years • PC HW – 3 years • Printers - 2 years Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI 41 Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  42. 42. Virtualisation Licensing General Procurement Complications compatibility (product & license – ―serial machine • Historic number‖) • PUR’s (product user rights) not supporting new technology • Inventory / Discovery tools not designed to support Virtualised environments • Ever more complicated product variations to accommodate model • More software products required to run and support it • Increased licensing knowledge required • Makes planning and budgeting more complicated STKI Round Table for IT procurement managers at 22.4.09 http://www.socitm.gov.uk/NR/rdonlyres/684C81F1-3327-472C-8425- 68E8F39F79D0/0/S20080912Agenda5AlexLemonCIVICAVirtuallyLicensed.ppt STKI modifications 42 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  43. 43. Virtualisation Licensing General Procurement Complications Software ISV is installed Software ISV is installed Software ISV is installed server a: 2 cpu dual core server b: 2 cpu dual core server c: 2 cpu dual core Virtual server a with ISV installed Virtual server a with ISV installed Server Z : 4 CPU Server X : 2 CPU QUAD CORE dual core Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  44. 44. Virtualisation Licensing General Procurement Complications Software ISV is installed Software ISV is installed Software ISV is installed server a: 2 cpu dual core server b: 2 cpu dual core server c: 2 cpu dual core Lower cost? Virtual server c with Virtual server c with ISV installed ISV installed Virtual server b with Virtual server b with ISV installed ISV installed Virtual server a with Virtual server a with ISV installed ISV installed Server X : 2 CPU Server Z: 4 CPU dual core QUAD CORE Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  45. 45. General HP EDS merge Maximum Client Value Comprehensive Established, market- Technology platform Improved Efficiency of IT Service Delivery end-to-end IT leading services … leadership services breadth and depth Portfolio Shared Standard Services Increased business value from IT Industry reach across Model and expertise for major industries mid-market customers Deep industry Global Delivery High outsourcing market Expertise, growth rates and • EDS Best Shore® delivered momentum locations Globally • Enterprise Service Mgmt. Innovation from HP Labs, annual R&D investment Based on Market leadership across of $3.6B2 market-leading ITO segments technology and Innovation 45 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI 45 Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  46. 46. New business models General alternatives We sell those We acquire BEST solutions to solutions from other ITs LEADING ITs www.bits.co.il Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  47. 47. General Local Trends Local Trends • Do more with less • Cash is the King • Server Virtualization • Server Based Computing (SBC) – Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI) • Storage upgrades. Sophisticated storage functionality. Backup to disk – Dedup. • Configuration management – CMDB Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI 47 Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  48. 48. General Major 2009 plans Local Trends • DRP (many cases with VMWARE) • Stability in Infrastructure • PDA – Cellular • Communicating with external customers via email, sms • Better problem resolution • Storage and BCP upgrade Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI 48 Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  49. 49. General Disappointments Local Trends • Vista • Storage synchronization can be hazardous • Security – more difficultcostly than expected • CMDB project is more difficult than expected Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI 49 Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  50. 50. General Users Wish list Local Trends • Backwards compatibility - need to change lots of code , processes people ! • Internal employees are harder to manage • SW distribution is still an issue • Real problem resolution • Different views for the same issue: – Purchase of SW and not rental – Pay per use for HW (per TB) Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI 50 Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  51. 51. General Users Wish list /cont. Local Trends • Better change management easier to implement CMDB solutions • Automatic operations provisioning and capacity planning – if DBMS space increase – allocate more storage and if needed place order for new storage • Too much effort is for ongoing example: 60% is ongoing 40% projects (infrastructure domain) Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI 51 Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  52. 52. Recommendations General Recommendations Less technologies to take care of. Can existing technologies products do the job? Define Infrastructure Services New technology ROI is tricky – the new technology can save money but it requires new processes, people, integration here Your Text Your Text here Open Source IaaS for: Peak time activities • Backup • Testing applications and new technologies • Training and Development • 52 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  53. 53. Recommendations : General Recommendations SAAS for internal IT needs –Example ALM tools as Saas SBC (traditional & VDI) for remote locations , call centers Operations Scorecards for better alignment consolidation, Server Consolidation (to Datacenterhere Your Text Your Text here standard platforms) and Server Virtualization Asset management in general and usagemetering Storage readwrite “snap on snap” for cost efficient environment creation Vendor and Contract management (STKI can help!) 53 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  54. 54. We will present data on General products and vendors: 1. Israeli vendors rating – state of the current market focused on the enterprise market (not SMB)  X – Market penetration (sales + installed base+ clients perspective)  Y – is X plus localization, support, development center, number and kind of integrators, etc.  Worldwide leaders marked, based on global positioning  Vendors to watch: Are only just entering Israeli market or making a big change so can’t be positioned but should be watched  Represents the current Israeli market and not necessarily what we recommend to our clients 2. Products and selected resellers / implementers  The location within the list is random 54 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  55. 55. We will present data on General products and vendors (cont.) 3. Selected installations of products – projects in different stages , production,implementation, after decision… 4. Service as ranked by users . I asked users – “which SI do you recommend in this category” and counted the result. 5. Analysis by international and Israeli analysts  This complete information (1 to 5) should be used together, combined with the specific circumstances of each case when making a decision This subjective chart is the result of our objective research 55 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  56. 56. General 56 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI 56 Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  57. 57. STKI IT Model Development and Middleware Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI 57 Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  58. 58. Technologies Maturity Model DEV Trends 2009 – Middleware and Development Business Value Investment Semantic AGILE to make money Full SOA – BPM Organization GUI Cut costs, change WPF TDD integration IT Project Increase Open Source Pure productivity Business ALM tools Project EAI PaaS Commodity IT SOA ETL Services Governance tools Investment for regulations Using Implementing Looking 58 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  59. 59. New Generation of Knowledge DEV Trends Workers • Live in virtual worlds • Expect immediate results • Many open threads • Deliver quickly, in small increments • Expect personalization • Intolerant of disruption In short: very agile! http://www.solutionsiq.com/resources/SIQ- AgileDevelopmentPlatform-Rudd-Young- Agile2008.ppt 59 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  60. 60. Agile Project Management - DEV Trends Overview 12 Code Analysis Code Test Test Implement Analysis 9 6 3 12 3 6 9 Source: Cutter Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI 60 Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  61. 61. DEV Platform convergence Trends • “Developers are customers too” – Demand the same features as the intended users (multi-medial, social networking, personalization, customization, etc.) • Developers should live in the same world they are constructing Source: http://www.solutionsiq.com/resources/SIQ- AgileDevelopmentPlatform-Rudd-Young-Agile2008.ppt STKI modifications 61 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  62. 62. Cost of Feedback – Test Driven DEV Trends Development http://losangeles.pm.org/presentations/tdd/TheRoadToTestDrivenDevelopment.ppt 62 62 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  63. 63. DEV Test-Driven Development Trends • Pick a Feature • Write a Test for that Feature • Run all Tests and see new Test Fail • Write Code for Feature • Run all Tests and see all Tests Pass • Refactor • Repeat http://losangeles.pm.org/presentations/tdd/TheRoa dToTestDrivenDevelopment.ppt 63 Copyright Oversee.net 2008 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  64. 64. Composite Application Platform in the DEV Trends new Open Source – Cloud world Development and Plug-ins and Extentions Integrations with existing networks and Web Portal RIA RIA Test Tools Integrations with existing networks functionality – Mashups, OpenID Collaboration: Custom Productivity Wiki, Blog, Chat Tools - Conferencing Social Networking: Business Intelligence: People Reporting Activities Analysis Associations Search Enterprise Content Management: Management: Document Repository Versioning Web publishing Workflow Security and Authentication Authentication Hosted SaaS Deployment Environment http://www.solutionsiq.com/resources/SIQ- 64 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI AgileDevelopmentPlatform-Rudd-Young-Agile2008.ppt Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  65. 65. DEV ‘INDUS’ development stack Trends • Completely Open Source • Agile best practices Server Version Control Subversion – Continuous Integration – Test Driven Dev. Continuous CruiseControl Integration • Java build Best Practices – IDE Neutral – Ant Based Workstation Subversion Client TortoiseSVN / Subclipse – Maven 2 CheckStyle Coding Standards Tool Name Used For URL Subversion Version Control Server http://subversion.tigris.org/ CruiseControl Continuous Integration http://cruisecontrol.sourceforge.n Code Coverage EMMA TortoiseSVN Version Control Client http://tortoisesvn.tigris.org/ Subclipse Version Control Client (Eclipse Plugin) http://subclipse.tigris.org/ Checkstyle Java Coding Standards Checker http://checkstyle.sourceforge.net/ Unit Testing JUnit EMMA Java Code Coverage http://emma.sourceforge.net/ JUnit Java Unit Testing http://www.junit.org/ Ant + Maven2 Build Scripting Ant Java Build Scripting http://ant.apache.org/ Maven Java Dependency Management http://maven.apache.org/ Eclipse Java IDE http://www.eclipse.org/ Eclipse / NetBeans IDE NetBeans Java IDE http://www.netbeans.org/ JMeter Load Testing http://jakarta.apache.org/jmeter/ NetBeans Profiler Java Profiling http://profiler.netbeans.org/ NetBeans Performance JMeter Profiler Validation Profiling Load Testing Automated Source: www.bcic.org.in/notifications/BCIC- Selenium BSPIN/Mr.%20Madhusudan%20Rao,%20Satyam.ppt Functional Testing 65 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  66. 66. Open source solutions for .NET DEV Trends environment • Spring open source programming framework also for .net! • Nhibernate (Object/Relational Mapping ): – ORM library implemented using .NET – Port of the Java library called Hibernate – Database-independent (almost) – Provides most advanced features – Free, open source and mature http://webseminar1.xmp02.host.35.com/webseminar/NHibernate_in _Action_Seminar.ppt stki modifications 66 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  67. 67. DEV Log4net Background Trends • Apache-sponsored initiative within the “Apache Logging Services” project – http://logging.apache.org – Log4cxx, Log4j, Log4Perl, Log4PHP, Log4PLSQL – Log4net! – API consistency is a high priority for the overall project • Log4net initially created by NeoWorks as a branch from Log4j • Release 1: September 2001 • Release 1.2.0 beta 8: July 2003 • December 2003: Donated to Apache; now “incubating” • SourceForge CVS shows work is still active… http://www.traceofthought.net/misc/IntroToLog4n 67 et.ppt Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  68. 68. RIA - Rich Internet applications • Rich Internet applications (RIAs) are web applications that have some of the characteristics of desktop applications, typically delivered by – web browser plug-ins, javascript compiler , etc. – independently via sandboxes or virtual machines • Examples are : Adobe AIR, JavaFX, Microsoft Silverlight, Magic’s UniPaaS Source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rich_Internet_application stki modifications 68 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  69. 69. Mashups - Where Can I Live? DEV Trends • Find a new place to live with a travel time search. • It works on commuting time between stations (Underground and DLR only) and average house prices. You can also view property listings around your chosen station and fun stuff like house price statistics. • APIs CloudMade + Google Maps + Nestoria + OpenStreetMap From http://www.programmableweb.com 69 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  70. 70. http://www.where-can-i- DEV Trends live.com/londonproperty 70 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  71. 71. DEV Trends Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  72. 72. DEV Application Security Is A Different World Trends • Network Security • Application Security – – Part of IT` Part of Business Units – – Networking Experts Software Experts – – Product Focused Custom Code Focused – – 1000’s of Copies 1 Copy of Software – – Signature Based No Signatures – – Patch Management Prevent Vulnerabilities We can’t rely on network security techniques to gain application security http://www.aspectsecurity.com/documents/A 72 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI 72 spect_CAIT_Secure_Development.ppt Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  73. 73. REST SOAP POX DEV Trends • SOAP emphasizes verbs while REST emphasizes nouns Generic HTTP verbs can be Tunnels through used with each noun (GET, HTTP POST REST POST, PUT, DELETE) SOAP User { } getUser() Location { } addUser() POX representation removeUser() updateUser() <user> listUsers() <name>Jane User</name> findUser() <gender>female</gender> <location href= quot;http://www.example.org/locations/us/ny/new_york_city getLocation() quot;>New York City, NY, US</location> </user> addLocation() ... http://download.microsoft.com/download/e/b/4/eb44aa73- 788f-4a90-a73b-b3576921867d/SOAPRESTPOXRSSF.ppt 73 Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic STKI modifications
  74. 74. DEV Multicore programming skills Trends • 74 http://www.infoworld.com/article/08/03/20/Multi core-boom-needs-new-developer-skills_1.html Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI 74 Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  75. 75. DEV MDM – Master Data Management Trends • Typical workflow • New workflow Search of customer exist – in Search of customer– in MDM the current application domain Enter details of new customer in MDM Enter details of new customer Enter details of transaction sometimes based on insights taken from MDM Enter details of transaction Sometimes if online checking is not possible -add new phase to process – “end of day” data corrections End END Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  76. 76. DEV Enabling MDM in new applications Trends • Application Architecture: – Data of MDM candidates should be kept separately – Function for identifying existing customers • Different business process (users): – Identifying the customer is part of the process – Sometimes the identification is done after the customer is left Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  77. 77. DEV Local Trends - Platforms Local Trends • .Net is very strong in the general IT development scene • Many clients are suspicious towards Open Source. There are some innovators (Harel Insurance, Direct Insurance, etc.) • Users are still using legacy development environments – Cobol , Natural, PowerBuilder • Magic uniPaaS RIA & SaaS: New Rich internet & SaaS application platform based on .NET Technology (Launched on January 2009) Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI 77 Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  78. 78. DEV Local Trends - Platforms Local Trends • Example for complex - mature environments. Financial client using the MF has: • 9000 programs ! • 22,000 tables ! • This MF DBMS environment is handled by 6(!) FTE (Full Time Employee) Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI 78 Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  79. 79. DEV Local Trends - Estimation Local Trends • Israeli project manager do not use formal estimation methodologies for estimation (function points, cocomo, etc.) • Each member of project gives estimation “to the best of his knowledge” • Some organizations have estimation sheets with questions like “does the project needs information from the DW?” • Only few organizations track the real usage of specific requests (after went to production) Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI 79 Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  80. 80. DEV Local Trends - SOA Local Trends • Most users have EAI tools. Some SOA tools. • Run Time SOA governance (mainly monitoring) is an issue to many users • Dev. SOA governance tools are considered as part of general SOA adoption • What stops SOA are related organizations issues – development roles are different – the architect is in the center • Sometimes the EAISOA team creating bottleneck for the projects Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI 80 Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  81. 81. DEV Local Trends - Agile Local Trends • Many organizations did not try “agile software development” formally • Many organization have tight relationship with their users – try to deliver in short release cycles, however official project design is done • “Agile Sparks” offers training and accompanying scrum processes mainly to ISV’s. The “end user” is the marketing manager • Some nice first steps for Agile in Israeli enterprise (STKI Round Table) – More details at http://www.scribd.com/doc/12901045/Agile-Round-Table Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI 81 Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
  82. 82. DEV The PMO-Development gap? Local Trends • What is PMO? – IT Plan Development – Demand Management – Budget and Resource Management – Post implementation audits – Managing largestrategiccross LOB projects • What about PMO and Dev methodologiestechnologies ? – SOA – Reuse – Agile – TDD Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI 82 Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic

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