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Connected Speech
Connected Speech
Connected Speech
Connected Speech
Connected Speech
Connected Speech
Connected Speech
Connected Speech
Connected Speech
Connected Speech
Connected Speech
Connected Speech
Connected Speech
Connected Speech
Connected Speech
Connected Speech
Connected Speech
Connected Speech
Connected Speech
Connected Speech
Connected Speech
Connected Speech
Connected Speech
Connected Speech
Connected Speech
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Connected Speech

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A brief description of a contrastive connected speech analysis which occur in Spanish, English, and Italian

A brief description of a contrastive connected speech analysis which occur in Spanish, English, and Italian

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  • 1. 1 CONTRASTIVE PHONOLOGY: Spanish – English - Italian Pablo A. Mejía Maldonado. Esp, MSc. Quito - Ecuador
  • 2. What occurs when a non-native speaker lacked of experience in the language is engaged in a conversation with a native speaker
  • 3. CONNECTED SPEECH DIALECT RATE OF SPEAKING REGISTER FAST SLOW HOW THE LANGUAGE IS USED FORMALITY INFORMALITY 4
  • 4. 5 When we speak naturally we do not pronounce a word, stop, then say the next word in the sentence. Fluent speech flows with a rhythm and the words bump into each other. To make speech flow smoothly the way we pronounce the end and beginning of some words can change depending on the sounds at the beginning and end of those words. These changes are described as features of connected speech. WHAT IS CONNECTED SPEECH?
  • 5. PROCESSES IN CONNECTED SPEECH SYNTAX MORPHOLOGY SEMANTICSPRAGMATICS PHONOLGY 6
  • 6. 7 -glide / -diphthong + vowel- (semivowel + vowel) my artist /may ˈaɹtɪst/ hay algo /ay ˈalgo/ rey indio /ˈɾey ˈindyo/ through it /ˈθɹuw ɪt/
  • 7. 8 -open vowel + vowel- spa owner / ˈspa ˈowneɹ/ saw it /ˈsɔ ɪt/ escucha esto /esˈkuʧa esto/ palo alto /ˈpalo ˈalto/
  • 8. 9 -consonant + vowel- late edition /leyt ˈɪdɪʃən/ pen ink /pɛn ˈɪŋk/ lápiz azul /ˈlapis aˈsul/ reloj anterior /reˈlox anteˈɾyoɾ/
  • 9. 10 RESYLLABIFICATION -cluster + vowel- marked on /ˈmaɹkt ən/ turn off /ˈtəɹn əv/ hold on /ˈhowld ən
  • 10. 11 JUXTAPOSITION same final plus same initial sound hot tea /haˈtːiy/ horse shoe /ˈhɔ:ɹʃːuw/ reembolsar /re:mboˈlsar/ contra ataque /contɾaːˈtake/ mal latente /malːaˈtente/
  • 11. 12 -stop + stop- /affricate- pet cat /ˈpɛtºˈkæt/ big church /bɪgºˈʧərʧ/
  • 12. 13 REGRESSIVE have to /ˈhæf tə/ claim for [ˈkleɪ̥:ɱ fɚ] con gusto [kɔŋ ˈgus̯to] Ven tarde [ ben̯̯ ta̯r̪đe]
  • 13. ̊ ̊ 14 PROGRESSIVE speak loudly [ˈspɪɪ̻k lau̻dlɪ] tres ruedas [tɾes ˈrweđas]
  • 14. 15 COALESCENT this year /δɪʃɪəɹ/ She needs you / ʃɪynɪyʤʊ/ Does your… /dəʒəɹ/ I let you /aylɛʧʊ/ what’s your… /wəʧəɹ/ Would you /wʊʤʊ/
  • 15. 16 It is when a sound disappears or is not clearly articulated under certain circumstances. -cluster (-stop) + consonant- wild man /waylmæn/ (elision, ellipsis, omission) L’elisione è la caduta della vocalle finale di una parola di fronte alla vocale iniziale della parola successiva. d’ora in poi /dɔɾa in pɔy/
  • 16. 17 SYNCOPE It is when an unstressed sound or syllable is dropped out in a multisyllabic word. interesting [ˈɪntəɹəstɪŋ] aspirine [ˈæspəɹɪn] natividad /natibiˈdad/
  • 17. APHESIS It is the loss of an unstressed initial vowel or syllable. It occurs in informal speech. ‘tonces /enˈtonses/ ‘cause /bɪˈkəz/ ‘bout /ˈəbawt/
  • 18. è la caduta della parte finale di una parola. a cavallo donato cuore di leone buono ragazzo
  • 19. è il fenomeno per cui determinate consonanti iniziali di parola, quando nella frase vengono a trovarsi di seguito a determinate parole uscenti in vocali, si pronunciano come se fossero scritte doppie nè questo nè quello /ˈneˈkkwɛstoˈneˈkkwɛllo mangiò tutto /manʤɔˈttutto/ è vero /ˈɛˈvvɛɾo/ Tutti I monosillabi tonici, anche se non portano l’accento scritto: che fai/keˈffay/ chi viene /kiˈvvyɛne/
  • 20. 21 It is the insertion of a vowel or consonant segment within a word. places /ˈpleysɪz/ handed /ˈhændɪd/ seres /ˈseɾes/
  • 21. 22 It is the transposition of speech sounds. ask /ˈæks/ murciélago /muɾˈsyegalo/
  • 22. 23 it is the addition of an extra consonant to the end of a word middes -> midst /ˈmɪdst/ claro /ˈklaɾof/
  • 23. Pablo A. Mejía Maldonado. Esp, MSc. Quito - Ecuador classprosei.wix.com/classpro classpro.ec@gmail.com (593) 0983 759 738

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