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The Disaggregated Future of Educa3on
          Or, How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Internet



               ...
The Trucker Tale

                        A parable of ingenuity and despair




                                         ...
CC BY
                        http://www.flickr.com/photos/farleyj/2768941171/
Friday, June 12, 2009
http://www.flickr.com/photos/pagedooley/2810314243/   CC BY
Friday, June 12, 2009
CC BY
                        http://www.flickr.com/photos/chicagoeye/2710749425/
Friday, June 12, 2009
http://www.flickr.com/photos/striatic/2192192956/




                                                              CC BY
F...
http://www.flickr.com/photos/booleansplit/2634767088/




                                                       CC BY
Frid...
CC BY
                        http://www.flickr.com/photos/flissphil/245158736/
Friday, June 12, 2009
Terms of Distribu3on

                   Surrender rights to the product
                    Truckers keep 100% of all sal...
http://www.flickr.com/photos/glutnix/47989973/




                                                            CC BY
Friday...
The Moral of the Story

                        This is a tale about faculty and their 
                                  ...
• Come up with ideas for research,
               • Find grant funding for the research,
               • Iden3fy and hire...
The Open Access Movement

              Free Online Access to Research Ar3cles




                                       ...
Stewardship of Public Funds

                 If the taxpayers funded the research, 
                   the results belong...
Public Investment in Research

                        $105,385 to $119,913 per ar3cle
                           (US NIH‐...
Publisher Investment in Research

                          $2750 per ar3cle, including 
                        administr...
Does This Make Sense?

                    Publishers make approximately 2% of 
                           the overall inv...
Unbelievable Profits

                 Elsevier + LexusNexus = $1,500,000,000 
                                 in 2008

  ...
Have You or U of S Ever Been Paid?

              (You also do all the reviewing and edi3ng)




                         ...
US NIH Public Access Mandate

                        Ar3cles must be placed in PubMed 
                            Centra...
Otherwise, You Pay Dozens of Times 

                        Once to fund the research, and then 
                        ...
Advance the Field / Bless the World

                BePer access catalyzes the development 
                   of new kno...
“The Faculty of the MassachusePs Ins3tute of 
      Technology is commiPed to dissemina3ng the 
      fruits of its resear...
Advance the Field / Bless the World

                BePer access catalyzes the development 
                   of new kno...
Secret History of Open Access

                  A story of disaggrega3on: 1000 ‐ 1600




                               ...
Restric3ng Access to the Bible

                        When policy and technology collide




                           ...
11th Century

                        Vernacular transla3ons of the Bible 
                                     forbidden
...
12th Century

                        Possession or memoriza3on of 
                             scriptures forbidden



 ...
14th Century

                        Wycliffe finishes English transla3on




                                             ...
15th Century

                Anyone caught reading the English Bible 
                will quot;Forfeit land, caPle, life...
A Kinder, Gentler DMCA

                        And all this before publishers even 
                               came i...
15th Century

                        Gutenberg, the prin3ng press, and 
                             metallic movable typ...
15th Century

                        The church leverages technology to 
                          print indulgences at s...
16th Century

                  English and German Bibles are mass‐
                produced and pirate Bibles are smuggle...
16th Century

                        Empowered with access, people 
                          won’t tolerate foolishness ...
16th Century

                        Luther’s 95 theses 




                                              CC BY
Friday, ...
quot;They preach only human doctrines who say 
    that as soon as the money clinks into the 
    money chest, the soul fli...
16th Century

                        Luther and others work to reform 
                            from the inside, but #...
16th Century

                    Protestant sects form and the Church 
                       loses membership and revenu...
17th Century

                 30 Years War ends Pope's pan‐European 
                             poli3cal power



     ...
17th Century

                        Popular reforms carried out 
                        (too liPle too late for most)

...
The Morals of the Story
                   ‐ Don’t bet against the transforma3ve 
                   power of informa3on t...
Skipping Ahead a Few 100 Years

                 Could something like this happen again?




                             ...
CC BY
Friday, June 12, 2009
CC BY
Friday, June 12, 2009
“The World is Changed”

                          Galadriel, Lord of the Rings




                                       ...
It’s Actually Worse (or BePer)

                        The World is Changing




                                        ...
Analog ⇒ Digital

                         Music, Phones, TV, Newspapers,
                        Movies, Journals, Commun...
Tethered ⇒ Mobile

                        Phones, Internet Access,
                             Employment 



          ...
Isolated ⇒ Connected

                         People, Content, Systems




                                              ...
Generic ⇒ Personal

                        Cars, Computers, Mobile Phones




                                           ...
Consuming ⇒ Crea3ng

                 Radio / Podcas3ng, Newspapers / Blogs 
                          Movies / Vodcas3ng
...
Closed ⇒ Open

                        Souware (OSs, Applica3ons), 
                            Data (Weather, GIS),
     ...
Then vs Now
                             Analog ⇒ Digital
                           Tethered ⇒ Mobile
                   ...
Educa/on vs Everyday
                             Analog ⇒ Digital
                           Tethered ⇒ Mobile
          ...
“Daily Divide” Is a Huge Threat

                        And the wider the disconnect, 
                        the bigger...
But Wait!  We’re Educa4on!

                        Our historic monopoly is (gratefully) 
                         being ...
Why Do Students Come?

                          Content, Support Services 
                             Social Life, Degr...
Content

                        MIT OpenCourseWare, Wikipedia, 
                           Flat World Knowledge, etc.



...
Research

                        Public Library of Science, Arxiv.org, 
                                Google Scholar, e...
Support Services

                           ChaCha, Yahoo! Answers, 
                        RateMyProfessor, Email, Inst...
Social Life

                          Facebook, MySpace, MMOG,
                        iPhone loca3on‐aware apps, etc.


...
Degrees

                        MCSE, RHCE, CCNA




                                           CC BY
Friday, June 12, 20...
The Monopoly Is Being Busted

                   Everything we provide is now offered 
                             by some...
When Ins3tu3ons Specialize

                        They usually provide bePer quality 
                                at...
Higher Ed, On the Other Hand

                        76% increase in cost over 10 years
                               Ho...
CC BY
Friday, June 12, 2009
Industries Failing Everywhere

                        Banks, Insurance, Automobiles
                              Higher ...
A Bail Out for Higher Ed?

                        More like double‐digit budget cuts




                                ...
No Monopoly and No Bail Out

                  How can we innovate to stay relevant?




                                 ...
What About E‐learning?




                                                 CC BY
Friday, June 12, 2009
What About E‐learning?

                          Quite innova3ve in 1995!




                                           ...
Characteris/cs of E‐learning
                              Analog or Digital
                            Tethered or Mobil...
Openness is the Cornerstone

             Openness underpins everything interes3ng 
             happening online and is “...
Why Make Such a Claim?

                        Let’s ask Alexa what the 50 most 
                         popular sites o...
Sites Where Anyone Can:

             Share a video, share a photo, share a blog 
             post, share their personal ...
Characteris/cs of E‐learning
                              Analog or Digital
                            Tethered or Mobil...
Connec3ng

                   You can’t connect to something if you 
                          don’t have access to it



...
Personalizing

                     You can’t adapt or localize something
                    if you don’t have the rights...
Crea3ng

                        You won’t be crea3ve if there’s no 
                              outlet for your work


...
How Might We Open Things?

          Once again there is a demand for greater access




                                 ...
The Open Access Movement

                Providing access to the research created 
                            at the uni...
The Open Educa3on Movement

                    Providing access to the teaching and 
                      learning mater...
CC BY
Friday, June 12, 2009
CC BY
Friday, June 12, 2009
Connec3ng and Openness

                          Sharing some experiments




                                           ...
CC BY
Friday, June 12, 2009
CC BY
Friday, June 12, 2009
Crea3ng and Openness

                         Sharing some experiments




                                              ...
CC BY
Friday, June 12, 2009
CC BY
Friday, June 12, 2009
Being Even More Open

                         Sharing some experiments




                                              ...
CC BY
Friday, June 12, 2009
CC BY
Friday, June 12, 2009
Character Classes

      • Bard (Master of the lore, history, and poli3cs 
        of the field, know what's “out there”)
 ...
CC BY
Friday, June 12, 2009
Educa3on Will Eventually Be Open

             And involve connec3ng, personalizing, and 
              crea3ng ‐ just lik...
Will Your University Be Open?

                           Can your school find the 
                         ins3tu3onal wi...
Ins3tu3onal Disaggrega3on

                          MIT OpenCourseWare, 
                        Western Governors Univer...
Value of Integra3on?

                                  As compared to
                        “specialized pieces loosely...
Not a Technology Problem

         Look around the Internet – not only do the 
      technologies we need exist, they’re o...
This Is a Policy Problem

                         Higher educa3on is behaving like 
                        the recording...
Policy To Defend Tradi3on

                           Rather than innova3ng




                                          ...
You Must Engage in Policy Reform

                  Ignoring the problem is not a strategy




                           ...
“It is not necessary to change. 
                     Survival is not mandatory.”
                             W. E. Demin...
Student Learning May Suffer

                            The market will likely meet 
                        students’ inc...
Your Employment Will Suffer

                          When your ins3tu3on collapses
                        as Googlers fin...
“The last tempta4on 
                        is the greatest treason,
                           To do the right deed 
   ...
Innovate for the Students

                  To fulfill your sacred trust as a teacher




                                ...
Thank You!

                        david.wiley@byu.edu

                        hPp://davidwiley.org/


                 ...
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The Disaggregation of Higher Education

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This presentation uses history and a number of stories to imagine the near and medium-term futures of higher education. A call to action for faculty and administrators to engage in policy reform around open access to research and teaching and learning materials.

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  • Galadriel, Lord of the Rings
  • Galadriel, Lord of the Rings
  • Galadriel, Lord of the Rings
  • Galadriel, Lord of the Rings


  • Massive hyperlinking; 300,000 person communities of interest; etc.

  • Podcasting, blogs, independent films
  • Stock and weather data
  • Classroom experience versus using Google and online groups
  • Classroom experience versus using Google and online groups

  • It’s not just textbooks anymore.
  • It’s not just textbooks anymore.
  • It’s not just textbooks anymore.
  • It’s not just textbooks anymore.
  • Not just people with PhDs on university faculties - Pro-ams, etc.
  • Not just experiences that take four, six, or eight years
  • Not just experiences that take four, six, or eight years
  • Not just experiences that take four, six, or eight years
  • Not just experiences that take four, six, or eight years
  • http://disruptingclass.mhprofessional.com/apps/ab/2008/10/22/another-disruption-in-higher-education-the-teaching-university/
  • Galadriel, Lord of the Rings
  • Not just experiences that take four, six, or eight years
  • http://chronicle.com/daily/2008/10/5085n.htm
  • Not just experiences that take four, six, or eight years


  • No. We’re not talking about just putting more classes on the internet.
  • You can’t connect to / with things you can’t access. You can’t custom pull modules into an instructional experience when you don’t have access to the modules. And students certainly can’t participate when there is no mechanism for contribution of materials or a way to find and tutor one another.

  • You can’t connect to / with things you can’t access. You can’t custom pull modules into an instructional experience when you don’t have access to the modules. And students certainly can’t participate when there is no mechanism for contribution of materials or a way to find and tutor one another.
  • No. We’re not talking about just putting more classes on the internet.



  • You can’t connect to / with things you can’t access. You can’t custom pull modules into an instructional experience when you don’t have access to the modules. And students certainly can’t participate when there is no mechanism for contribution of materials or a way to find and tutor one another.





  • You can’t connect to / with things you can’t access. You can’t custom pull modules into an instructional experience when you don’t have access to the modules. And students certainly can’t participate when there is no mechanism for contribution of materials or a way to find and tutor one another.
  • You can’t connect to / with things you can’t access. You can’t custom pull modules into an instructional experience when you don’t have access to the modules. And students certainly can’t participate when there is no mechanism for contribution of materials or a way to find and tutor one another.




  • You can’t connect to / with things you can’t access. You can’t custom pull modules into an instructional experience when you don’t have access to the modules. And students certainly can’t participate when there is no mechanism for contribution of materials or a way to find and tutor one another.
  • You can’t connect to / with things you can’t access. You can’t custom pull modules into an instructional experience when you don’t have access to the modules. And students certainly can’t participate when there is no mechanism for contribution of materials or a way to find and tutor one another.




  • Not just experiences that take four, six, or eight years
  • Not just experiences that take four, six, or eight years




  • Not just experiences that take four, six, or eight years





  • Transcript of "The Disaggregation of Higher Education"

    1. 1. The Disaggregated Future of Educa3on Or, How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Internet David Wiley, PhD Department of Instruc3onal Psychology & Technology Brigham Young University CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    2. 2. The Trucker Tale A parable of ingenuity and despair CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    3. 3. CC BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/farleyj/2768941171/ Friday, June 12, 2009
    4. 4. http://www.flickr.com/photos/pagedooley/2810314243/ CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    5. 5. CC BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/chicagoeye/2710749425/ Friday, June 12, 2009
    6. 6. http://www.flickr.com/photos/striatic/2192192956/ CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    7. 7. http://www.flickr.com/photos/booleansplit/2634767088/ CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    8. 8. CC BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/flissphil/245158736/ Friday, June 12, 2009
    9. 9. Terms of Distribu3on Surrender rights to the product Truckers keep 100% of all sales Perpetual deal, no review or modifica3on CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    10. 10. http://www.flickr.com/photos/glutnix/47989973/ CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    11. 11. The Moral of the Story This is a tale about faculty and their  research CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    12. 12. • Come up with ideas for research, • Find grant funding for the research, • Iden3fy and hire graduate students  and other professionals, • Conduct the research, • Write up the results of the research in  a clear and concise manner, and • Surrender all rights to the wriPen  results of the research to a publisher. CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    13. 13. The Open Access Movement Free Online Access to Research Ar3cles CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    14. 14. Stewardship of Public Funds If the taxpayers funded the research,  the results belong to the taxpayers CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    15. 15. Public Investment in Research $105,385 to $119,913 per ar3cle (US NIH‐funded research) CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    16. 16. Publisher Investment in Research $2750 per ar3cle, including  administra3ve and all other costs CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    17. 17. Does This Make Sense? Publishers make approximately 2% of  the overall investment CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    18. 18. Unbelievable Profits Elsevier + LexusNexus = $1,500,000,000  in 2008 (Not revenue ‐ profit) CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    19. 19. Have You or U of S Ever Been Paid? (You also do all the reviewing and edi3ng) CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    20. 20. US NIH Public Access Mandate Ar3cles must be placed in PubMed  Central upon acceptance CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    21. 21. Otherwise, You Pay Dozens of Times  Once to fund the research, and then  over and again for each library CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    22. 22. Advance the Field / Bless the World BePer access catalyzes the development  of new knowledge more quickly CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    23. 23. “The Faculty of the MassachusePs Ins3tute of  Technology is commiPed to dissemina3ng the  fruits of its research and scholarship as widely as  possible. In keeping with that commitment, the  Faculty adopts the following policy: Each Faculty  member grants to the MassachusePs Ins3tute of  Technology nonexclusive permission to make  available his or her scholarly ar3cles and to  exercise the copyright in those ar3cles for the  purpose of open dissemina3on.” MIT Faculty Open‐Access Policy CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    24. 24. Advance the Field / Bless the World BePer access catalyzes the development  of new knowledge more quickly CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    25. 25. Secret History of Open Access A story of disaggrega3on: 1000 ‐ 1600 CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    26. 26. Restric3ng Access to the Bible When policy and technology collide CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    27. 27. 11th Century Vernacular transla3ons of the Bible  forbidden CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    28. 28. 12th Century Possession or memoriza3on of  scriptures forbidden CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    29. 29. 14th Century Wycliffe finishes English transla3on CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    30. 30. 15th Century Anyone caught reading the English Bible  will quot;Forfeit land, caPle, life, and goods  from their heirs forever.quot; CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    31. 31. A Kinder, Gentler DMCA And all this before publishers even  came into existence! CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    32. 32. 15th Century Gutenberg, the prin3ng press, and  metallic movable type CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    33. 33. 15th Century The church leverages technology to  print indulgences at scale for a  frac3on of the cost CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    34. 34. 16th Century English and German Bibles are mass‐ produced and pirate Bibles are smuggled  in flour sacks and coPon bales CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    35. 35. 16th Century Empowered with access, people  won’t tolerate foolishness  (indulgences) CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    36. 36. 16th Century Luther’s 95 theses  CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    37. 37. quot;They preach only human doctrines who say  that as soon as the money clinks into the  money chest, the soul flies out of purgatory...  Any truly repentant Chris3an has a right to  full remission of penalty and guilt, even  without indulgence lePers.quot; CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    38. 38. 16th Century Luther and others work to reform  from the inside, but #fail CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    39. 39. 16th Century Protestant sects form and the Church  loses membership and revenue CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    40. 40. 17th Century 30 Years War ends Pope's pan‐European  poli3cal power CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    41. 41. 17th Century Popular reforms carried out  (too liPle too late for most) CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    42. 42. The Morals of the Story ‐ Don’t bet against the transforma3ve  power of informa3on technology ‐ You’re going to end up adap3ng anyway,   why not do it on your own terms? CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    43. 43. Skipping Ahead a Few 100 Years Could something like this happen again? CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    44. 44. CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    45. 45. CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    46. 46. “The World is Changed” Galadriel, Lord of the Rings CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    47. 47. It’s Actually Worse (or BePer) The World is Changing CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    48. 48. Analog ⇒ Digital Music, Phones, TV, Newspapers, Movies, Journals, Communica3ons, Intelligence, Defense CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    49. 49. Tethered ⇒ Mobile Phones, Internet Access, Employment  CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    50. 50. Isolated ⇒ Connected People, Content, Systems CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    51. 51. Generic ⇒ Personal Cars, Computers, Mobile Phones CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    52. 52. Consuming ⇒ Crea3ng Radio / Podcas3ng, Newspapers / Blogs  Movies / Vodcas3ng CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    53. 53. Closed ⇒ Open Souware (OSs, Applica3ons),  Data (Weather, GIS), Content (Blogs, Wikis) CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    54. 54. Then vs Now Analog ⇒ Digital Tethered ⇒ Mobile Isolated ⇒ Connected Generic ⇒ Personal Consump3on ⇒ Crea3ng Closed ⇒ Open CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    55. 55. Educa/on vs Everyday Analog ⇒ Digital Tethered ⇒ Mobile Isolated ⇒ Connected Generic ⇒ Personal Consump3on ⇒ Crea3ng Closed ⇒ Open CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    56. 56. “Daily Divide” Is a Huge Threat And the wider the disconnect,  the bigger the threat to higher  educa3on CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    57. 57. But Wait!  We’re Educa4on! Our historic monopoly is (gratefully)  being challenged on almost every  front CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    58. 58. Why Do Students Come? Content, Support Services  Social Life, Degrees CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    59. 59. Content MIT OpenCourseWare, Wikipedia,  Flat World Knowledge, etc. CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    60. 60. Research Public Library of Science, Arxiv.org,  Google Scholar, etc. CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    61. 61. Support Services ChaCha, Yahoo! Answers,  RateMyProfessor, Email, Instant  Messaging, TwiPer, etc. CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    62. 62. Social Life Facebook, MySpace, MMOG, iPhone loca3on‐aware apps, etc. CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    63. 63. Degrees MCSE, RHCE, CCNA CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    64. 64. The Monopoly Is Being Busted Everything we provide is now offered  by someone else CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    65. 65. When Ins3tu3ons Specialize They usually provide bePer quality  at a bePer price CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    66. 66. Higher Ed, On the Other Hand 76% increase in cost over 10 years How’s our quality? CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    67. 67. CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    68. 68. Industries Failing Everywhere Banks, Insurance, Automobiles Higher Educa3on? CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    69. 69. A Bail Out for Higher Ed? More like double‐digit budget cuts CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    70. 70. No Monopoly and No Bail Out How can we innovate to stay relevant? CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    71. 71. What About E‐learning? CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    72. 72. What About E‐learning? Quite innova3ve in 1995! CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    73. 73. Characteris/cs of E‐learning Analog or Digital Tethered or Mobile Isolated or Connected Generic or Personal Consuming or Crea3ng Closed or Open CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    74. 74. Openness is the Cornerstone Openness underpins everything interes3ng  happening online and is “what they know” CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    75. 75. Why Make Such a Claim? Let’s ask Alexa what the 50 most  popular sites on the web are… CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    76. 76. Sites Where Anyone Can: Share a video, share a photo, share a blog  post, share their personal info, share their  ra3ngs, share their files, share their exper3se  CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    77. 77. Characteris/cs of E‐learning Analog or Digital Tethered or Mobile Isolated or Connected Generic or Personal Consump/on or Crea3ng Closed or Open CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    78. 78. Connec3ng You can’t connect to something if you  don’t have access to it CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    79. 79. Personalizing You can’t adapt or localize something if you don’t have the rights to modify it CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    80. 80. Crea3ng You won’t be crea3ve if there’s no  outlet for your work CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    81. 81. How Might We Open Things? Once again there is a demand for greater access CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    82. 82. The Open Access Movement Providing access to the research created  at the university CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    83. 83. The Open Educa3on Movement Providing access to the teaching and  learning materials created at the  university CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    84. 84. CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    85. 85. CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    86. 86. Connec3ng and Openness Sharing some experiments CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    87. 87. CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    88. 88. CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    89. 89. Crea3ng and Openness Sharing some experiments CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    90. 90. CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    91. 91. CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    92. 92. Being Even More Open Sharing some experiments CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    93. 93. CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    94. 94. CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    95. 95. Character Classes • Bard (Master of the lore, history, and poli3cs  of the field, know what's “out there”) • Ar3san (Has materials produc3on skills in all  the necessary Web 1.0 and 2.0 tools like  HTML, video sharing, podcas3ng) • Monk (Master of copyright and licensing  arcana and defender of the university brand) • Merchant (Deals with short‐ and long‐term  sustainability issues) CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    96. 96. CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    97. 97. Educa3on Will Eventually Be Open And involve connec3ng, personalizing, and  crea3ng ‐ just like everything else does CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    98. 98. Will Your University Be Open? Can your school find the  ins3tu3onal will to change? Or will you fight a 30 year war,  lose, and change anyway? CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    99. 99. Ins3tu3onal Disaggrega3on MIT OpenCourseWare,  Western Governors University CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    100. 100. Value of Integra3on? As compared to “specialized pieces loosely joined” CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    101. 101. Not a Technology Problem Look around the Internet – not only do the  technologies we need exist, they’re open source CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    102. 102. This Is a Policy Problem Higher educa3on is behaving like  the recording and movie industries CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    103. 103. Policy To Defend Tradi3on Rather than innova3ng CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    104. 104. You Must Engage in Policy Reform Ignoring the problem is not a strategy CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    105. 105. “It is not necessary to change.  Survival is not mandatory.” W. E. Deming CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    106. 106. Student Learning May Suffer The market will likely meet  students’ increasingly unmet needs CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    107. 107. Your Employment Will Suffer When your ins3tu3on collapses as Googlers find bePer alterna3ves  CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    108. 108. “The last tempta4on  is the greatest treason,  To do the right deed  for the wrong reason.” Archbishop Thomas BeckeP (T. S. Eliot) CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    109. 109. Innovate for the Students To fulfill your sacred trust as a teacher CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
    110. 110. Thank You! david.wiley@byu.edu hPp://davidwiley.org/ CC BY Friday, June 12, 2009
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