Navigating Environmental Issues:
Beginning Livestock & Poultry
Producers
Thomas Bass, Montana State University
Jill Heemst...
U.S. Senator Jon Tester
• 3rd generation farmer,
butcher and teacher
• 1500+ acres primarily in
organic wheat & barley
• B...
BELAA
Agriculture’s Promise
U.S. Senator
Jon Tester
Environmental Concern
• Primarily non-point source
water pollution
– Collective run-off from an
area (picture depicts sedi...
Environmental Concern
• Livestock and poultry operations have the
potential to contribute the following to waters
of the U...
Existing Regulations
• Primarily water quality driven
– Clean Water Act (CWA: USEPA, 1972, ‘77 & ’87)
– CAFO Permitting (n...
Animal Feeding Operations
• Most detailed and descriptive rules apply to
Animal Feeding Operations (AFOs & CAFOs)
– Permit...
Basis of Permit and Documentation
• Nutrient Management Plan (NMP)
– “Nutrient and Manure Checkbook”
– Document and suppor...
Benefits Beyond Compliance
• NMP or similar environmental plan can:
– Allow for better use of on-site manure nutrients;
sa...
Pasture and Range
• Little regulation exists
• Many options for voluntary
conservation and stewardship
• Poor management c...
On the Horizon: Air and Emmissions
• Green House Gasses (CH4, CO2, N2O…)
• Particulate Matter (dust)
• Odor and nuisance –...
Value of Being a Good Neighbor
• Obtain the support of neighbors in face of
other potential complaints
• Direct complaints...
Is agriculture being singled out?
• The clean water act is over 30 years old.
– Addressed human waste and POTWs early
– Ad...
Environmental Opportunity
• Conventional agriculture with appropriate
environmental management
• Diversified production, v...
Overwhelmed?
• Help is available….
– Extension
– Young Farmer/Rancher Advisors
– USDA-NRCS
– Conservation Districts
– Fell...
Resources and Opportunities
• Local programs and events
• Publications from land-grant universities,
agencies, association...
Tools for a New Generation
• Technology offers new tools and enhances
traditional communication and learning
– 90% of youn...
BELAA Project
• Building Environmental Leaders in Animal Agriculture
• Funding: 3 yrs – USDA-NIFA
• Partners:
Building Env...
BELAA Project
• New and Beginning Producer Specific…
– Educational materials (publications & presentations)
– Online tools...
Livestock and Poultry Environmental
Learning Center
• Connect national experts with those advising
producers
• On-demand a...
• Environmental Planning
• Feed Management
• Manure Nutrient Management
• Manure Treatment Technologies
• Pathogens
• Regu...
Outputs: Webcasts
Video Streaming technology
Flash Player Technology
(Adobe Connect)
Outputs : Website
http://www.extension.org/animal+manure+management
• 130 pages of original content
• Archives web seminar...
Outputs : Monthly Newsletter
First Issue in July 2006
1400 subscribers currently & growing
LPE Learning Center
• Since 2006, highly trusted and recognized by
audience
• 62% rated LPE quality better than other
sour...
LPE Reaching a New Generation
• Online learning lessons (virtual classroom)
– Very high interest level among audience
• Ne...
How can BELAA Serve You?
• Producer needs: specific topics within
environmental management of animal
agriculture?
• Method...
Becoming a Leader
• NYFEA Environmental Leaders Program
– Sign up now; 2.5 year pilot project
– Participate in education
–...
Becoming a Leader
• Animal agriculture can be profitable;
– environmental issues should not scare anyone from the
business...
Conclusion and Questions
Thank you for your time and
your commitment to
agriculture’s future!
Building Environmental Leade...
Contact Information
Building Environmental Leaders in Animal Agriculture (BELAA)
Agriculture’s Promise - Washington D.C. A...
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Navigating environmental issues

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A great presentation from Agriculture's Promise provided by Jill Heemstra and Tommy Bass!

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  • Navigating environmental issues

    1. 1. Navigating Environmental Issues: Beginning Livestock & Poultry Producers Thomas Bass, Montana State University Jill Heemstra, University of Nebraska - Lincoln Building Environmental Leaders in Animal Agriculture (BELAA) Agriculture’s Promise - Washington D.C. April 2010
    2. 2. U.S. Senator Jon Tester • 3rd generation farmer, butcher and teacher • 1500+ acres primarily in organic wheat & barley • Big Sandy, MT: pop. 703 Building Environmental Leaders in Animal Agriculture (BELAA) Agriculture’s Promise - Washington D.C. April 2010
    3. 3. BELAA Agriculture’s Promise U.S. Senator Jon Tester
    4. 4. Environmental Concern • Primarily non-point source water pollution – Collective run-off from an area (picture depicts sediment from a large construction site) – In animal ag: run-off could be from confinement areas, manure and feed storage, or land application areas… Building Environmental Leaders in Animal Agriculture (BELAA) Agriculture’s Promise - Washington D.C. April 2010
    5. 5. Environmental Concern • Livestock and poultry operations have the potential to contribute the following to waters of the U.S.: – Nutrients – Sediment – Pathogens – organic matter… Building Environmental Leaders in Animal Agriculture (BELAA) Agriculture’s Promise - Washington D.C. April 2010
    6. 6. Existing Regulations • Primarily water quality driven – Clean Water Act (CWA: USEPA, 1972, ‘77 & ’87) – CAFO Permitting (next slide) • State rules and delegated authority – State enforces on behalf of federal government • Local ordinances – zoning, setbacks, air quality, other… Building Environmental Leaders in Animal Agriculture (BELAA) Agriculture’s Promise - Washington D.C. April 2010
    7. 7. Animal Feeding Operations • Most detailed and descriptive rules apply to Animal Feeding Operations (AFOs & CAFOs) – Permitting: federal and/or state level • Animals in confinement in area with no vegetation (or inside); feed delivered • Permits are size based, but can be risk based (individual threat to water quality) Building Environmental Leaders in Animal Agriculture (BELAA) Agriculture’s Promise - Washington D.C. April 2010
    8. 8. Basis of Permit and Documentation • Nutrient Management Plan (NMP) – “Nutrient and Manure Checkbook” – Document and supporting records that account for fertilizer and manure: needs, inventory, use (land application) and export. – Based on: soil tests, manure tests, yield goals and crop nutrient needs. – Also documents other conservation practices! Building Environmental Leaders in Animal Agriculture (BELAA) Agriculture’s Promise - Washington D.C. April 2010
    9. 9. Benefits Beyond Compliance • NMP or similar environmental plan can: – Allow for better use of on-site manure nutrients; save on fertilizer purchases & improve soil – Reduce liability of spills/water pollution – Document/defend against environmental accusation – Improve access to credit and insurance Building Environmental Leaders in Animal Agriculture (BELAA) Agriculture’s Promise - Washington D.C. April 2010
    10. 10. Pasture and Range • Little regulation exists • Many options for voluntary conservation and stewardship • Poor management could attract unwanted attention • Clean Water Act can still apply Building Environmental Leaders in Animal Agriculture (BELAA) Agriculture’s Promise - Washington D.C. April 2010
    11. 11. On the Horizon: Air and Emmissions • Green House Gasses (CH4, CO2, N2O…) • Particulate Matter (dust) • Odor and nuisance – least regulation/most citizen complaints Building Environmental Leaders in Animal Agriculture (BELAA) Agriculture’s Promise - Washington D.C. April 2010
    12. 12. Value of Being a Good Neighbor • Obtain the support of neighbors in face of other potential complaints • Direct complaints to you, the producer, instead of a regulatory agency or local gov. • Ideas: allow fishing in pond, seasonal gifts, newsletter, community involvement & charity • Get to know ag and non-ag neighbors! Building Environmental Leaders in Animal Agriculture (BELAA) Agriculture’s Promise - Washington D.C. April 2010
    13. 13. Is agriculture being singled out? • The clean water act is over 30 years old. – Addressed human waste and POTWs early – Addressed industries heavily in the 80’s – Addressing urban storm water – Agriculture is now experiencing more specific regulation and monitoring, similar to what other industries have already been under Building Environmental Leaders in Animal Agriculture (BELAA) Agriculture’s Promise - Washington D.C. April 2010
    14. 14. Environmental Opportunity • Conventional agriculture with appropriate environmental management • Diversified production, value added products, and niche markets • Regional or local production, processing and distribution • Special certifications: organic, free range, grass fed… • Energy and new technology Building Environmental Leaders in Animal Agriculture (BELAA) Agriculture’s Promise - Washington D.C. April 2010 Courtesy of: Missouri Beef Council
    15. 15. Overwhelmed? • Help is available…. – Extension – Young Farmer/Rancher Advisors – USDA-NRCS – Conservation Districts – Fellow Producers – Consultants Building Environmental Leaders in Animal Agriculture (BELAA) Agriculture’s Promise - Washington D.C. April 2010
    16. 16. Resources and Opportunities • Local programs and events • Publications from land-grant universities, agencies, associations and NGOs • Valid online resources! • National events and conferences • Farmer-to-Farmer • Specials programs (BELLA) Building Environmental Leaders in Animal Agriculture (BELAA) Agriculture’s Promise - Washington D.C. April 2010
    17. 17. Tools for a New Generation • Technology offers new tools and enhances traditional communication and learning – 90% of young farmers and ranchers use a computer for communication and learning – 73% participate in social networking online – 70% use online record keeping tools – 85% access agriculture news online Building Environmental Leaders in Animal Agriculture (BELAA) Agriculture’s Promise - Washington D.C. April 2010 (2010 – Young Farmer Rancher Survey – American Farm Bureau)
    18. 18. BELAA Project • Building Environmental Leaders in Animal Agriculture • Funding: 3 yrs – USDA-NIFA • Partners: Building Environmental Leaders in Animal Agriculture (BELAA) Agriculture’s Promise - Washington D.C. April 2010
    19. 19. BELAA Project • New and Beginning Producer Specific… – Educational materials (publications & presentations) – Online tools – Webcasts and online social networking – Access to expertise – Live seminars at NYFEA events – Curriculum support for HS Ag Teachers – Environmental Leaders Program Building Environmental Leaders in Animal Agriculture (BELAA) Agriculture’s Promise - Washington D.C. April 2010
    20. 20. Livestock and Poultry Environmental Learning Center • Connect national experts with those advising producers • On-demand access to our best science • Build on existing partner resources • Utilize emerging technologies to enhance information transfer • Customer-driven approach Building Environmental Leaders in Animal Agriculture (BELAA) Agriculture’s Promise - Washington D.C. April 2010
    21. 21. • Environmental Planning • Feed Management • Manure Nutrient Management • Manure Treatment Technologies • Pathogens • Regulations • Small Farms • Manure Storage, Handling & Mortality • Value and Economics of Manure Topics
    22. 22. Outputs: Webcasts Video Streaming technology Flash Player Technology (Adobe Connect)
    23. 23. Outputs : Website http://www.extension.org/animal+manure+management • 130 pages of original content • Archives web seminars • National manure management resources at one location • Research summaries • Ask the Expert • Calendar of state, regional and national events
    24. 24. Outputs : Monthly Newsletter First Issue in July 2006 1400 subscribers currently & growing
    25. 25. LPE Learning Center • Since 2006, highly trusted and recognized by audience • 62% rated LPE quality better than other sources of environmental policy and management information sources, plus… • 37% rated quality equally as good as other sources • Audience segments have reported use and real impact on education and practice Building Environmental Leaders in Animal Agriculture (BELAA) Agriculture’s Promise - Washington D.C. April 2010
    26. 26. LPE Reaching a New Generation • Online learning lessons (virtual classroom) – Very high interest level among audience • Networking • User generated content – Virtual tours – Research summaries • Enhanced direct to producer information, especially new and beginning, or young farmers and ranchers Building Environmental Leaders in Animal Agriculture (BELAA) Agriculture’s Promise - Washington D.C. April 2010
    27. 27. How can BELAA Serve You? • Producer needs: specific topics within environmental management of animal agriculture? • Methods of delivery: preferences? Building Environmental Leaders in Animal Agriculture (BELAA) Agriculture’s Promise - Washington D.C. April 2010
    28. 28. Becoming a Leader • NYFEA Environmental Leaders Program – Sign up now; 2.5 year pilot project – Participate in education – Set a good example/implement practices – Share knowledge and experience • or practice advocacy • Associations and political office – Receive recognition and reward – Become a voice for the future of agriculture Building Environmental Leaders in Animal Agriculture (BELAA) Agriculture’s Promise - Washington D.C. April 2010
    29. 29. Becoming a Leader • Animal agriculture can be profitable; – environmental issues should not scare anyone from the business! • You can develop and protect natural resources while providing food, fiber and other services to the world. • Join a commodity group, chamber of commerce, get involved in local politics, state and beyond… • You must become your own advocate! Building Environmental Leaders in Animal Agriculture (BELAA) Agriculture’s Promise - Washington D.C. April 2010
    30. 30. Conclusion and Questions Thank you for your time and your commitment to agriculture’s future! Building Environmental Leaders in Animal Agriculture (BELAA) Agriculture’s Promise - Washington D.C. April 2010
    31. 31. Contact Information Building Environmental Leaders in Animal Agriculture (BELAA) Agriculture’s Promise - Washington D.C. April 2010 • Jill Heemstra: –jheemstra@unl.edu • Tommy Bass: –tmbass@montana.edu
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