<ul><li>Public Participation and Conflict Resolution </li></ul><ul><li>in Public Planning: </li></ul><ul><li>Practice in A...
<ul><li>Austrian Society for Environment and Technology (Oegut) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>founded 1985 after a heavy environme...
<ul><ul><li>80 members from </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>business, e. g. Federal Economic Chamber, Financing Institutes ...
<ul><ul><li>Public Participation  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building, Energy & Innovation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ecol...
<ul><ul><li>Realizing infrastructural projects the following principles can be stated: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public P...
<ul><ul><li>Public participation in public planning is not primarily an instrument to deal with crises in planning process...
<ul><ul><li>What are the objectives of public participation? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transparency and traceability of t...
<ul><ul><li>What are the benefits of public participation? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For the investor: </li></ul></ul><ul...
<ul><ul><li>What are the benefits of public participation? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For politics / public administration...
<ul><ul><li>What are the prerequisites for successful participation? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A clear political mandate ...
<ul><ul><li>A participation process is more than a few informative meetings or marketing measures, it is a strategically p...
<ul><li>The essential steps of planning a participation process are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Analysis of the environment (is...
<ul><li>A few central points: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clarifying aims and assignment at the beginning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
<ul><ul><li>Voluntary advanced civic participation procedure S10 Mühlviertel Expressway, Upper Austria – Cooperative Disco...
<ul><ul><li>Initial cue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The projected expressway - 40 km long, four lanes – traverses land of 1...
<ul><ul><li>Initiation of participation process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Province of Upper Austria charged an independen...
<ul><li>133 representatives of 70 interest groups : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mayors of 10 communities; District Authority </l...
<ul><li>Stakeholders were organized in 3 bodies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regional Conference  (= plenary): decision-making in...
<ul><li>3 stage procedure – reduction of variants and selection of route </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1st stage:  Elimination of ...
S 10 – phases of the process ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology,  www.oegut.at still ongoing Environme...
<ul><li>The outcome of the process: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consensual decision of all 10 municipalities about the route </l...
<ul><li>The essential success factors for the process were: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clear procedural and communication struc...
<ul><ul><li>Initial cue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Air traffic had been rising dramatically – 1998 the Vienna Airport pres...
<ul><ul><li>Initiation of participation process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Airport put out a tender for public relations a...
<ul><ul><li>Preparatory process was established in 2000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lawyer Prader as process provider, many...
<ul><li>In total more than 300 persons from 50 interest groups have been directly involved in negtiations : </li></ul><ul>...
<ul><li>Work Structure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mediation forum  (= plenary): all stakeholders (60), made all binding decisio...
<ul><li>Communication policy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All minutes of meetings and work documents were published on the inform...
<ul><li>Partial Contract in October 2003 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>contract on “current measures”: regarding noise reduction, ...
<ul><ul><li>General Mediation Contract (legally binding   -   June 2005) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agreements on EIA and ...
<ul><li>The success factors of the process were: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Well accepted, experienced and all-party process pr...
<ul><li>Initial cue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Area desígnated by provincial authorities as Natura 2000 area  </li></ul></ul><u...
<ul><li>Initiation of mediation process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advocacy for the Environment proposed mediation </li></ul></...
<ul><li>Design of the process </li></ul>mediation natura 2000 verwall - design ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and...
mediation natura 2000 verwall - steps ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology,  www.oegut.at 10/03 New Verw...
<ul><li>after  one and a half years  of negotiation : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Agreement on the future use and monitoring of ...
<ul><ul><li>Advisory council for further cooperation between the authorities and the affected population: </li></ul></ul><...
<ul><li>Particular success factors were: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All relevant groups/persons were represented at the round t...
<ul><ul><li>Thank you for your attention! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Martina Handler </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></...
<ul><li>Initial cue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>starting-point: investor’s plan to set up a golf course in Telfs   </li></ul></u...
<ul><li>Initiation of mediation process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Local council decided to tackle the unresolved conflict, and...
<ul><li>Stakeholders directly affected: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>20 representatives of different interests (land owner, inves...
<ul><ul><li>From September 2002 – November 2003 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>14 meetings of mediation forum </li></ul></ul><...
<ul><ul><li>Mediation contract (100 pages) with consent and dissent, signed by all members of mediation forum </li></ul></...
<ul><ul><li>Communication improved drastically – good relationships established </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rejection of go...
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Public Participation and Conflict Resolution in Public Planning: Practice in Austria

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Public Participation and Conflict Resolution in Public Planning: Practice in Austria

  1. 1. <ul><li>Public Participation and Conflict Resolution </li></ul><ul><li>in Public Planning: </li></ul><ul><li>Practice in Austria </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Martina Handler </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conference „New Ways of Development, Human, Nature and Infrastructure“ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Warsaw, 29 February 2008 </li></ul></ul>ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  2. 2. <ul><li>Austrian Society for Environment and Technology (Oegut) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>founded 1985 after a heavy environmental conflict in Austria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>non-party platform for economic, political and environmental interests </li></ul></ul>oegut – institution and mission ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  3. 3. <ul><ul><li>80 members from </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>business, e. g. Federal Economic Chamber, Financing Institutes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>administration, e.g. Ministry for Environment., M. f. Economic Affairs, M. f. Transport, Innovation and Technology, City of Vienna, Province of Lower Austria </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>environment, e. g. Greenpeace, Global 2000, WWF </li></ul></ul></ul>oegut – members ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  4. 4. <ul><ul><li>Public Participation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building, Energy & Innovation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ecological Economics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy Contracting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enlarged Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gender Mainstreaming & Social Sustainability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable Consumption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable financial markets </li></ul></ul>oegut – subject areas ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  5. 5. <ul><ul><li>Realizing infrastructural projects the following principles can be stated: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Participation is reasonable, necessary and an essential part of successful infrastructural planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No Participation, uncoordinated participation or participation implemented too late can delay the project, make it much more expensive or even avoid it. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of information creates prejudices and misunderstandings in the public and produces a negative counterproductive dynamic </li></ul></ul>public participation – general principles ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  6. 6. <ul><ul><li>Public participation in public planning is not primarily an instrument to deal with crises in planning processes but to prevent them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public participation is a way of dealing with arising conflicts in planning processes a professional and well-regulated way </li></ul></ul>public participation – conflict management ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  7. 7. <ul><ul><li>What are the objectives of public participation? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transparency and traceability of the planning process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Developing the best solution together with people concerned </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Involving the concerned on time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reaching acceptance and support for the project to realize </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reaching a better understanding for other views </li></ul></ul>objectives of public participation ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  8. 8. <ul><ul><li>What are the benefits of public participation? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For the investor: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outcomes are usually widely accepted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Projects tend to get implemented sooner (fewer complaints/court cases) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legal certainty is improved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creation of an atmosphere of trust as a basis for future collaborations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good for the image of the firm </li></ul></ul>benefits of public participation I ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  9. 9. <ul><ul><li>What are the benefits of public participation? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For politics / public administration: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clearer picture of interests and needs of various groups of the population </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strengthens peoples confidence in political decision-making </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promotes a culture of collaboration and dialogue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subsequent administrative processes can often be completed sooner </li></ul></ul>benefits of public participation II ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  10. 10. <ul><ul><li>What are the prerequisites for successful participation? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A clear political mandate for the planning process and support for the participation process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An open and positive attitude of the investor regarding public participation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An experienced and competent project manager/ facilitator /mediator </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A well and strategically prepared planning process </li></ul></ul>success factors ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  11. 11. <ul><ul><li>A participation process is more than a few informative meetings or marketing measures, it is a strategically planned process! </li></ul></ul>public participation in the planning process ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  12. 12. <ul><li>The essential steps of planning a participation process are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Analysis of the environment (issues – stakeholder – risks) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Choice of the right participation procedure ( topics – methods – formal/informal participation) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Definition of the framework and basic conditions (technical and economic criteria - juridicial framework) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Detailed design of measures (forms of involvement of different groups of stakeholders - composition of forums – time frame – content etc.) </li></ul></ul>strategic planning - steps ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  13. 13. <ul><li>A few central points: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clarifying aims and assignment at the beginning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Room for manoevre – what decisions have already been taken – possibilities of influencing the outcome </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transparent depiction of the whole process  building-up confidence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Depiction of alternatives with all advantages and disadvantages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Factual investigation of ALL ideas and propositions of involved </li></ul></ul>implementation of measures I ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  14. 14. <ul><ul><li>Voluntary advanced civic participation procedure S10 Mühlviertel Expressway, Upper Austria – Cooperative Discourse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mediation Vienna Airport – viemediation.at </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Natura 2000 Verwall - Mediation </li></ul></ul>3 case studies ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  15. 15. <ul><ul><li>Initial cue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The projected expressway - 40 km long, four lanes – traverses land of 10 municipalities with approx. 30.000 persons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When conducted corridor study was presented in affected towns and villages massive resistance developed against route corridors, expected transit traffic, noise, air pollutants etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demands for participation of the regional actors were rising </li></ul></ul>S 10 – mühlviertel expressway ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  16. 16. <ul><ul><li>Initiation of participation process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Province of Upper Austria charged an independent institute with the development of the process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Goals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solution-oriented settlement of conflicts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Best possible information and communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Efficient planning by a timely, binding consideration of all interests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equal consideration of environmental, economic and social aspects </li></ul></ul>S 10 – initiation and goals ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  17. 17. <ul><li>133 representatives of 70 interest groups : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mayors of 10 communities; District Authority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political parties of communities and the district </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chamber of Agriculture, Economic Chamber and Chamber of Labour </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Labour Market Service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regional Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>12 regional Citizens‘ groups </li></ul></ul>S 10 – participants in the process ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  18. 18. <ul><li>Stakeholders were organized in 3 bodies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regional Conference (= plenary): decision-making in all issues affecting all interest groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regional Committee (12 persons): discussion of issues having an impact on the whole region, preparation of conference meetings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regional Planning Groups : factual work and decision-making regarding routes in sections South, Middle, North </li></ul></ul>S 10 – process design I ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  19. 19. <ul><li>3 stage procedure – reduction of variants and selection of route </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1st stage: Elimination of Corridors (10/2002-01/2003) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2nd stage: Elimination of route variants based on more elaborated data (02/2003 – 06/2003) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3rd stage: Development of a preliminary project and route selection (07/2003-02/2004) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> at each stage planning results discussed in the planning groups and accorded and decided in the regional conference </li></ul></ul>S 10 – process design II ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  20. 20. S 10 – phases of the process ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at still ongoing Environmental Impact Assessment Adminstrative procedures 07/2004 Consensus of all 10 municipalities Agreement 07/2004 Public presentation of results the region Presentation of the results 10/2002-06/2004 Implementation of the 3 stage procedure with pp of regional stakeholders Negotiations 03/2002-08/2002 Participation and Planning Experts develop a 3 stage model Development of procedure 02/2002 Goals, rules of procedure, process design, information exchange Conclusion of agreement 07/ 2001-01/2002 Conflict analysis, inventory of region‘s interests together with all relevant stakeholders (133 re-presentatives from 70 interest groups/10 munic.) Preparation Duration Contents Phases
  21. 21. <ul><li>The outcome of the process: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consensual decision of all 10 municipalities about the route </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Basic agreement of all 10 municipalities about the demands and framework conditions for the subsequent planning stages and administrative proceedings (EIA) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Detailed documentation of results, also from perspective of the public participation process </li></ul></ul>s10 – outcome ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  22. 22. <ul><li>The essential success factors for the process were: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clear procedural and communication structures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transparency of the competence and responsibilities of all actors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interdisciplinary work together with Provincial departments of Upper Austria, the Environmental Advocacy  led to a high procedural and planning security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Involvement of all essential actors including politics and public administration and their support </li></ul></ul>s10 – success factors ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  23. 23. <ul><ul><li>Initial cue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Air traffic had been rising dramatically – 1998 the Vienna Airport presented a “Masterplan 2015” with expansion plans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Surrounding municipalities already suffering percieved that as a provocation, fierce resistance developed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local and regional citizens’ initiatives planned actions </li></ul></ul>mediation vienna airport - viemediation.at ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  24. 24. <ul><ul><li>Initiation of participation process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Airport put out a tender for public relations and an information and dialogue campaign </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A well known – also in grassroot movements – lawyer, Thomas Prader, submit an offer but proposed a mediation process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Goals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find an agreement on airport expansion plans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find an agreement on noise reduction, flight movements etc. </li></ul></ul>viemediation – initiation and goals ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  25. 25. <ul><ul><li>Preparatory process was established in 2000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lawyer Prader as process provider, many preliminary talks with all stakeholders (political parties, communities, citizens etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preparatory group: 2 representatives of Vienna Airport, 2 persons of citizens’ initiatives, 4 representatives of neighbourhood, 1 City of Vienna, 1 Province of Lower Austria, Environmental Advocate of Vienna and Lower Austria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Composition of mediation forum, choice of mediation team etc. </li></ul></ul>viemediation – premediation ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  26. 26. <ul><li>In total more than 300 persons from 50 interest groups have been directly involved in negtiations : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vienna International Airport </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>neighbouring communities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provinces of Vienna and of Lower Austria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental Advocacies of Vienna and Austria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Citizens‘ inititiatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chambers and special interest groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>District administration of 5 districts </li></ul></ul>viemediation – participants in the process ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  27. 27. <ul><li>Work Structure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mediation forum (= plenary): all stakeholders (60), made all binding decisions – 15 sessions, starting 2001 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Process Steering Group (20 persons): discussion of procedural questions, collection of all information, process design, establishment of work groups etc. – 49 sessions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Work Groups : factual work on various issues – 100 sessions </li></ul></ul>viemediation – process design ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  28. 28. <ul><li>Communication policy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All minutes of meetings and work documents were published on the information platform www.viemediation.at </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A quarterly information medium </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Active information and communication work by process provider </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accompanying scientific evaluation of the process </li></ul></ul>viemediation – communication ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  29. 29. <ul><li>Partial Contract in October 2003 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>contract on “current measures”: regarding noise reduction, landings at night, time periods for overflights, distribution of flight movements etc. </li></ul></ul>viemediation – outcome I ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  30. 30. <ul><ul><li>General Mediation Contract (legally binding - June 2005) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agreements on EIA and further procedural agreements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulations for night flights, upper noise limits, technical measures (protection from noise) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compensations for farmers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishment of an environmental fund: provides financial support to municipalities that suffer the most </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishment of the Dialogue Forum VIE: responsible for continuing regional conflict management with representatives of stakeholders </li></ul></ul>viemediation – outcome II ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  31. 31. <ul><li>The success factors of the process were: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Well accepted, experienced and all-party process provider </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Well prepared process – pre-mediation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication policy, transparency of the process and results – internet platform </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Culture of dialogue and trust developed in a field of extremely controversial issues and groups </li></ul></ul>viemediation – success factors ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  32. 32. <ul><li>Initial cue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Area desígnated by provincial authorities as Natura 2000 area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acute conflicts between local communities, landowners and land users and the authorities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Areas of conflict: conservation issues and tourism, agriculture and forestry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication steadily deteriorating between the authorities and the stakeholders </li></ul></ul>mediation natura 2000 verwall ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  33. 33. <ul><li>Initiation of mediation process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advocacy for the Environment proposed mediation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Goal: Reach agreements about the future use of the designated conservation zone between all stakeholders and authorities </li></ul></ul>mediation natura 2000 verwall - initiation ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  34. 34. <ul><li>Design of the process </li></ul>mediation natura 2000 verwall - design ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at Mediators Prov. Government Work Groups Negotiating Team 33 delegates Agriculture Forestry Hunting Tourism Remedial consulted experts Dep. of Prov. Government Regional Agrarian Office Landowners Environmental Advocacy and BirdLife Mountain Pastures Cooperatives District Authority of Bludenz Forest owners Mayors Hunters Tourism association Source: Pfefferkorn/Hiess
  35. 35. mediation natura 2000 verwall - steps ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at 10/03 New Verwall Natura 2000 District Order, 1st meeting of advisory council Implementation 10/02-12/02 Determining agreements Agreements 05/02-10/02 Discussion of drafts for agreements, monitoring, excursions, feedback about existing results 3rd phase of negotiations 10/01-05/02 Drafts for agreements concerning farming, forestry, hunting and tourism 2nd phase of negotiations 05/01-10/01 Current + „historical“ conflicts, positions, interests, excursions 1st phase of negotiations 03/01-05/01 Rules of procedure, process design, information exchange Start-up 01/01-03/01 Conflict analysis, information events, selection of participants Preparation Duration Contents Phases
  36. 36. <ul><li>after one and a half years of negotiation : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Agreement on the future use and monitoring of the area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Draft for a Natura 2000 area regulation explicitly referring to the agreement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supplementary protocol containing all positions and proposals for which no agreement could be achieved during the mediation process  will be further dealt within an advisory council </li></ul></ul>mediation natura 2000 verwall – outcome I ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  37. 37. <ul><ul><li>Advisory council for further cooperation between the authorities and the affected population: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>18 members representing all stakeholders </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>meets at least once a year and discusses all important issues regarding the Natura 2000 area and the agreements made </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In the first advisory meeting, the participants set the rules of procedure and the future work programme </li></ul></ul></ul>mediation natura 2000 verwall – outcome II ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  38. 38. <ul><li>Particular success factors were: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All relevant groups/persons were represented at the round table </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clear “rules of the game” (structure, roles, transparent information) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Objectives and limitations were clearly defined at the beginning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Careful preparation of meeting, detailed and complete minutes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sufficient time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commitment of political decision-makers to implement results if agreement is reached </li></ul></ul>conclusions – success factors ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  39. 39. <ul><ul><li>Thank you for your attention! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Martina Handler </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>www.oegut.at – www.partizipation.at </li></ul>public participation and conflict resolution ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  40. 40. <ul><li>Initial cue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>starting-point: investor’s plan to set up a golf course in Telfs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>triggered a vigorous debate between supporters and opponents of the idea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In an official opinion poll the project was rejected by a majority </li></ul></ul>mediation telfs – development of green area ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  41. 41. <ul><li>Initiation of mediation process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Local council decided to tackle the unresolved conflict, and the issue of what to do with the amenity area to the west, by means of a mediation process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Goals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Achieving a consensus about future development of the area in question  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improving communication </li></ul></ul>mediation telfs – initiation and goals ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  42. 42. <ul><li>Stakeholders directly affected: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>20 representatives of different interests (land owner, investor, farmers, hunters, citizens’ action group, tourism, sporting issues) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political Decision-makers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All parties of the municipal council </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Experts as permanent members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spatial planners, traffic planners, Environmental Advocacy, building authority </li></ul></ul>mediation telfs – mediation forum ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  43. 43. <ul><ul><li>From September 2002 – November 2003 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>14 meetings of mediation forum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pros and cons of golf course project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>40 different project ideas were discussed, crucial points of further development </li></ul></ul>mediation telfs – process ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  44. 44. <ul><ul><li>Mediation contract (100 pages) with consent and dissent, signed by all members of mediation forum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Investor withdrew the golf course project because of lack of support in the municipality and realizes the project in another region </li></ul></ul>mediation telfs – outcome ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at
  45. 45. <ul><ul><li>Communication improved drastically – good relationships established </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rejection of golf course in the area does not mean a denegation of golf or of investor’s plans in general </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clearer image of costs of investments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Procedure fostered thinking in alternatives </li></ul></ul>mediation telfs – benefits ÖGUT – Austrian Society for Environment and Technology, www.oegut.at

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