Management - Italian word maneggiare (to handle especially a horse), derives from the Latin manus (hand). - The process of Planning, Organizing, Leading, and Controlling to achieve organizational goals
Middle English word administracioun , which is in turn derived from the French administration , itself derived from the Latin administratio - a ad ("to") and ministratio ("give service")
is the management of any institution, public or private.
Interpretation of the policy set by an organization’s board of directors, and its translation into executive action .
Replace rule-of-thumb work methods with methods based on a scientific study of the tasks.
Scientifically select, train, and develop each employee rather than passively leaving them to train themselves.
Provide "Detailed instruction and supervision of each worker in the performance of that worker's discrete task" (Montgomery 1997: 250).
Divide work nearly equally between managers and workers, so that the managers apply scientific management principles to planning the work and the workers actually perform the tasks
Henri Fayol’s 14 Principles of Management Division of work Authority Discipline Unity of command Unity of direction Subordination of individual interest Remuneration Centralization Scalar chain Order Equity Stability of tenure Initiative Esprit de corps
Fayol’s 5 Functions of Management Roles and Actions :
to forecast and plan examine the future and draw up plans of action
to organise build up the structure, material and human of the undertaking
to command maintain activity among the personnel
to co-ordinate bind together, unify and harmonise activity and effort
to control see that everything occurs in conformity with policy and practise