Disaster and Crisis Management

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Presented on behalf of WHO in Safety Leadership, Disaster & Crisis Management …

Presented on behalf of WHO in Safety Leadership, Disaster & Crisis Management
International Seminar

26th March 2013

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  • World Health Organization जून 13, 2013

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  • 1. World Health Organization - Indonesia1 |Disaster and Crisis ManagementDisaster and Crisis ManagementSafety Leadership, Disaster & Crisis ManagementSafety Leadership, Disaster & Crisis ManagementInternational SeminarInternational Seminar2626ththMarch 2013March 2013Dr Nirmal Kandel , MBBS, MA (Anthropology), MPHWHO Indonesia
  • 2. World Health Organization - Indonesia2 |OutlinePast IncidentsTerminologiesDisaster ManagementCrisis ManagementIn relation
  • 3. World Health Organization - Indonesia3 |
  • 4. World Health Organization - Indonesia4 |Haiti Earthquake
  • 5. World Health Organization - Indonesia5 |Chilean Earthquake
  • 6. World Health Organization - Indonesia6 |Compare these two major earthquakesChilean EarthquakeMagnitude: 8.8Number of Deaths: <1000Number of Building destroyed: 500, 000Average Annual Income: $ 14, 700Population: 16 millionPercentage of population below povertyline: 18.2Haitian EarthquakeMagnitude: 7.0Number of Deaths: >200, 000Number of Building destroyed: 280, 000Average Annual Income: $ 1, 300Population: 9 millionPercentage of population below povertyline: 80
  • 7. World Health Organization - Indonesia7 |Better Preparedness---------------------------------------------------Better Disaster and Crisis Management
  • 8. World Health Organization - Indonesia8 |TerminologyDisaster– Synonyms: “calamity” and “catastrophe”– Similar words: “emergencies” and “crisis”Definition of Disaster:“A disaster is a sudden, calamitous event that causes serious disruption ofthe functioning of a community or a society causing widespread human,material, economic and/or environmental losses which exceed the ability ofthe affected community or society to cope using its own level of resources.(Source: UN/ISDR 2004)
  • 9. World Health Organization - Indonesia9 |TerminologyDefinition of Crisis:Any situation that is threatening or could threaten to harm people orproperty, seriously interrupt business, damage reputation and/or negativelyimpact share value.Definition of Risk:An evaluation of the probability of occurrence and the magnitude of theconsequences of any given hazard, i.e. how likely is a hazard and whatconsequences will it have?
  • 10. World Health Organization - Indonesia10 |What is the difference ????Disaster – A reduction incapital value beyond thesociety’s tolerance limitCrisis – A big destabilizingimpact on human livelihood,organization or society
  • 11. World Health Organization - Indonesia11 |Disaster Management““The range of activities designed to maintainThe range of activities designed to maintaincontrol over disaster and emergencycontrol over disaster and emergencysituations and to provide a framework forsituations and to provide a framework forhelping at risk persons avoid or recover fromhelping at risk persons avoid or recover fromthe impact of a disaster”the impact of a disaster” (Cuny)(Cuny)
  • 12. World Health Organization - Indonesia12 |Disaster Management Cycle
  • 13. World Health Organization - Indonesia13 |Disaster Management– Mitigation - Minimizing the effects of disaster.Examples: building codes and zoning; vulnerability analyses; public education.– Preparation/Preparedness - Planning how to respond.Examples: preparedness plans; emergency exercises/training; warning systems.– Response - Efforts to minimize the hazards created by a disaster.Examples: search and rescue; emergency relief .– Recovery - Returning the community to normal.Examples: temporary housing; grants; medical care.
  • 14. World Health Organization - Indonesia14 |What is your first memory of public disaster? Jakarta FloodingTsunami in 2004EarthquakeEruption of Mt Merapi9/11?Bali Bombing?
  • 15. World Health Organization - Indonesia15 |
  • 16. World Health Organization - Indonesia16 |The Crisis Life CycleStage one: The Storm BreaksStage two: The Storm RagesStage three: The Storm Passes
  • 17. World Health Organization - Indonesia17 |What is Crisis Management?Crisis management involves identifying a crisis, planning a response tothe crisis and confronting and resolving the crisis.Crisis management is directed at populations and communities in urgentneed of resources due to a disaster or public tragedy.Crisis Management has two functions:– Secure the scene and engage in rescue and recovery – first responders– Provide relief programs to populations in urgent need and reconstructcommunities in the disaster aftermath.
  • 18. World Health Organization - Indonesia18 |Risk ManagementRisk managementis the identification, assessment, and prioritization of risksfollowed by coordinated and economical application ofresources to minimize, monitor, and control the probabilityand/or impact of unfortunate events.
  • 19. World Health Organization - Indonesia19 |Disaster, Risk and Crisis Management
  • 20. World Health Organization - Indonesia20 |ReferencesDefinitions: emergencies – WHOhttp://www.who.int/hac/about/definitions/en/index.html and http://www.http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/analysis/external/insurance/definitions_en.pdfPictures: Google Image (pictures are used for teaching purpose only notfor publishing)
  • 21. World Health Organization - Indonesia21 |Thank You