Creating a digital video - Workshop for preservice teachers March 2014
Dr Nicola Pallitt
25 March 2014
Edmodo group code:
The video making process
• Step 1: Write your script
• Step 2: Collect images and sound, record video and
narration clips. Keep a reference log as you go. This will
make it easier to do your credits at the end. Consider ethics
(Do you have permission to use a photo of a particular
person? Signed consent for video interview? Parent’s
permission and signature if using a photo of a minor, etc)
and Creative Commons.
• Step 3: Make a storyboard to plan your editing and where
your images, sound, narration and transitions will go. This
helps you to see if there are any gaps and if there is
anything else you may need.
• Step 4: Start editing.
• Written text of a film
• Photostory method
• Cinema means writing with
• Film is telling a story with images
• When we take photos or shoot a
video we are writing with light
• When we edit we are writing with
sound, music, pictures, video etc all
in combination to tell a story
• A script is the narration of the story
Use these details for the image
reference. Here we see we are
free to share and remix the image
as long as we attribute it. We do
so like this:
‘Pimpshop mannequins’ by
fictures (2005) Creative
Commons: Attribution. Source:
2. Collect resources
• Attribution, Non-commercial, Share Alike
• In the credits:
• ‘Horses at f/1.4’ by Trey Ratcliff (2010) Creative
Commons: Attribution Non-commercial, Share
Alike. Source: Flickr.
Not sure if an image is ‘open’?
• Get the URL for the image
• Go to Google Advanced Image Search and paste in
the URL – if the image is from a commercial
website, it probably isn’t ‘open’
• The results also show visually similar images
‘Pimpshop mannequins’ by fictures (2005) Creative
Commons: Attribution. Source: Wikimedia Commons.
‘Horses at f/1.4’ by Trey Ratcliff (2010) Creative Commons:
Attribution Non-commercial, Share Alike. Source: Flickr.
‘A cropped version
ofImage:EnglishSpotRabbitChocolate1.jpg.’ by KatChzhen
(2008) Creative Commons: Attribution-Share Alike 3.0
Unported. Source: Wikimedia Commons.
‘Ngorongoro Crater, Tanzania’ by M.Casanova
(2007) Creative Commons: Attribution-Share Alike 2.0
Generic. Source: Wikimedia Commons.
‘Sweat’ by postbear (2009) Creative Commons: Attribution
Non-commercial, Share Alike. Source: Flickr.
Recording sound (voice-over narration)
• Use a headset connected to a laptop
• Voice recorder on a mobile phone
• Smart voice recorder Android app
Sound editing software
Power Sound Editor (Free): http://download.cnet.com/Power-Sound-Editor-
Recording video clips: Some tips
• You need to choose shots that contribute to the
meaning of your story.
• Shoot a variety of shots, varying your camera angles.
This helps give you more choices when you edit.
• Make sure to shoot for ten seconds before and after
your shot. This is will help with cutting up your footage
in editing to allow smoother transitions between shots.
• Be careful of unnecessary noise or talking in the
background. Unfortunately sound cannot be rectified in
editing. Therefore you need to get your sound right
• Do not use unnecessary zooms, pans or tilts. If you do
not have a motivation for these movements, leave
• If you are taking your own photos or conducting
• See links to resources in the guide
• Consent form for permissions
if photographing or video recording
• You need to explain your intentions
from the start i.e. video will be
online, for edu purposes, etc.
• This is your plan for ordering your images, video
clips, sound/music, narration/voice-overs,
• i.e. editing them all together into one video
• You can make notes of this document such as:
• ‘use Century Gothic font for any subtitles’ if the
audience is primary school children
• ‘do not include face’ if you do not have consent to use
the person’s face in the video (example: video explaining
procedure for treating a burn)
Shot Description: Shot Description:Shot Description:
Music / Sound Music / Sound Music/Sound
Voice Over / Dialogue Voice Over/ Dialogue Voice Over/ Dialogue
Comments Comments Comments
• The task of selecting and joining camera shots
• In shooting, an uninterrupted running of the
• From when you push the rec. button, to when you
stop the recording of your action
• Shots are joined together using transitions
Recommended Hardware & Video
• Anything accessible – a digital camera or mobile
phone is fine. The aim is not broadcast quality.
Many cases, the worst quality is tablet – test
• Windows Movie Maker for Windows
• iMovie for Mac
• AVS Video Editor for Windows
AVS Video Editor comes with a sample
project that you can play around with
‘Pencil tap’ exercise
• You need to become aware of editing in movies.
• You will not be using as many cuts but you will start
to see the relationship between transitions.
• Watch a movie trailer and tap your pencil at each