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Creating a digital video - Workshop for preservice teachers March 2014
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Creating a digital video - Workshop for preservice teachers March 2014


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I taught this workshop for preservice teachers at UCT.

I taught this workshop for preservice teachers at UCT.

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  • 1. Dr Nicola Pallitt 25 March 2014 Edmodo group code: 5u5t2m Video Workshop
  • 2. The video making process • Step 1: Write your script • Step 2: Collect images and sound, record video and narration clips. Keep a reference log as you go. This will make it easier to do your credits at the end. Consider ethics (Do you have permission to use a photo of a particular person? Signed consent for video interview? Parent’s permission and signature if using a photo of a minor, etc) and Creative Commons. • Step 3: Make a storyboard to plan your editing and where your images, sound, narration and transitions will go. This helps you to see if there are any gaps and if there is anything else you may need. • Step 4: Start editing.
  • 3. 1. Script • Written text of a film • Photostory method • Cinema means writing with light/movement • Film is telling a story with images • When we take photos or shoot a video we are writing with light • When we edit we are writing with sound, music, pictures, video etc all in combination to tell a story
  • 4. Scriptwriting • A script is the narration of the story
  • 5. Use these details for the image reference. Here we see we are free to share and remix the image as long as we attribute it. We do so like this: ‘Pimpshop mannequins’ by fictures (2005) Creative Commons: Attribution. Source: Wikimedia Commons. 2. Collect resources
  • 6. Flickr • Attribution, Non-commercial, Share Alike • In the credits: • ‘Horses at f/1.4’ by Trey Ratcliff (2010) Creative Commons: Attribution Non-commercial, Share Alike. Source: Flickr.
  • 7. Not sure if an image is ‘open’? • Get the URL for the image • Go to Google Advanced Image Search and paste in the URL – if the image is from a commercial website, it probably isn’t ‘open’ • The results also show visually similar images
  • 8. Image Reference Colourful wigs ‘Pimpshop mannequins’ by fictures (2005) Creative Commons: Attribution. Source: Wikimedia Commons. Horse hair / ‘Horses at f/1.4’ by Trey Ratcliff (2010) Creative Commons: Attribution Non-commercial, Share Alike. Source: Flickr. Rabbit fur te1(cropped).jpg ‘A cropped version ofImage:EnglishSpotRabbitChocolate1.jpg.’ by KatChzhen (2008) Creative Commons: Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported. Source: Wikimedia Commons. Lion mane r,_Tanzania_(2288742082).jpg ‘Ngorongoro Crater, Tanzania’ by M.Casanova (2007) Creative Commons: Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic. Source: Wikimedia Commons. Hairy man 0/ ‘Sweat’ by postbear (2009) Creative Commons: Attribution Non-commercial, Share Alike. Source: Flickr.
  • 9. Free music
  • 10. Recording sound (voice-over narration) • Use a headset connected to a laptop • Voice recorder on a mobile phone • Smart voice recorder Android app
  • 11. Sound editing software Power Sound Editor (Free): Free/3000-2169_4-10819654.html
  • 12. Recording video clips: Some tips • You need to choose shots that contribute to the meaning of your story. • Shoot a variety of shots, varying your camera angles. This helps give you more choices when you edit. • Make sure to shoot for ten seconds before and after your shot. This is will help with cutting up your footage in editing to allow smoother transitions between shots. • Be careful of unnecessary noise or talking in the background. Unfortunately sound cannot be rectified in editing. Therefore you need to get your sound right whilst filming. • Do not use unnecessary zooms, pans or tilts. If you do not have a motivation for these movements, leave them out.
  • 13. Ethics • If you are taking your own photos or conducting interviews • See links to resources in the guide • Consent form for permissions if photographing or video recording someone • You need to explain your intentions from the start i.e. video will be online, for edu purposes, etc.
  • 14. • This is your plan for ordering your images, video clips, sound/music, narration/voice-overs, transitions, etc • i.e. editing them all together into one video • You can make notes of this document such as: • ‘use Century Gothic font for any subtitles’ if the audience is primary school children • ‘do not include face’ if you do not have consent to use the person’s face in the video (example: video explaining procedure for treating a burn) 3. Storyboard
  • 15. STORYBOARD TEMPLATE Shot Description: Shot Description:Shot Description: Music / Sound Music / Sound Music/Sound Voice Over / Dialogue Voice Over/ Dialogue Voice Over/ Dialogue Comments Comments Comments
  • 16. Editing • The task of selecting and joining camera shots Shot/Clips • In shooting, an uninterrupted running of the camera. • From when you push the rec. button, to when you stop the recording of your action Transition • Shots are joined together using transitions 4. Edit
  • 17. Recommended Hardware & Video Editing Software • Anything accessible – a digital camera or mobile phone is fine. The aim is not broadcast quality. Many cases, the worst quality is tablet – test beforehand. • Windows Movie Maker for Windows • iMovie for Mac • AVS Video Editor for Windows
  • 18. AVS Video Editor comes with a sample project that you can play around with
  • 19. ‘Pencil tap’ exercise • You need to become aware of editing in movies. • You will not be using as many cuts but you will start to see the relationship between transitions. • Watch a movie trailer and tap your pencil at each ‘edit’.