Campaigning and Voting in America Ms. Suzie Nestico Grade 12 – Principles of Democracy
<ul><li>A.  National Convention </li></ul><ul><li>B.  Direct Primary Elections </li></ul><ul><li>C.  Nominating Petition <...
<ul><li>A.  National Convention </li></ul><ul><li>  (Presidential Elections Only) </li></ul><ul><li>  1.  Held every four ...
<ul><li>B.  Direct Primary Elections </li></ul><ul><li>  (most other elections) </li></ul><ul><li>1.  Open Primary  - vote...
<ul><li>C.  Nominating Petition </li></ul><ul><li>1.  Used primarily at the local level </li></ul><ul><li>** Robert Belfan...
<ul><li>D.  Caucus </li></ul><ul><li>1.  Old caucuses vs. today’s caucus </li></ul><ul><li>2.  Andrew Jackson - elections ...
<ul><li>A.  Keynote Speech - Day 1 </li></ul><ul><li>B.  Committee Reports - Day 2 </li></ul><ul><li>C.  Nominee is Chosen...
<ul><li>A.  Keynote Speech  - Day One </li></ul><ul><li>  **person chosen provides a speech intended to    </li></ul><ul><...
<ul><li>C.  Nominee is chosen  - Day Three </li></ul><ul><li>1.  State delegates vote on the nominees  </li></ul><ul><li>p...
<ul><li>E.  VP Nominee is Officially Chosen  - Day Four </li></ul><ul><li>1.  Delegates vote on Vice Presidential  </li></...
<ul><li>“ I made the canvass on my own horse; my entertainment, being at the houses of my friends, cost me nothing; and my...
<ul><li>Usual Positions in a Campaign </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Campaign Manager </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Treasurer </li></u...
<ul><ul><li>Information Gathering  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Finding the Voters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Canvassing </l...
<ul><li>1976 – approx. $456 Million spent on Federal Campaigning </li></ul><ul><li>1988 – 1992 – over $3 Billion spent </l...
<ul><li>Sources: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual candidates themselves (Kennedy, Bush, Kerry, Clinton) </li></ul></ul><ul...
<ul><li>Sources (con’t.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PAC’s – Political Action Committees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Organiza...
<ul><li>Ending Discriminatory Laws </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poll taxes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Literacy tests </li></ul></...
<ul><li>26 th  Amendment – extends voting rights to 18 yr olds </li></ul><ul><li>Australian ballot – “secret ballot” </li>...
<ul><li>Who votes? </li></ul><ul><li>Socioeconomic Status  – refers to a combination of an individual’s  social  character...
<ul><li>I. Voting </li></ul><ul><li>A. Types of Participation </li></ul><ul><li>B. Turnout Trends </li></ul><ul><li>C. Who...
<ul><li>Voting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Historical Expansion of the Franchise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Voting for Multiple ...
<ul><li>Conventional: Petitions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Letters to representatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Campaign Activ...
<ul><li>Why is turnout so low? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>– Difficulty in Registration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>– Number and ...
<ul><li>YES: Legitimacy of System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Potential Policy Bias </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Functional Disenf...
<ul><li>Voting on the Basis of Party Loyalty </li></ul><ul><li>Voting on the Basis of Policy Issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>...
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Unit 6 pt1

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Voting and the American election process

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Unit 6 pt1

  1. 1. Campaigning and Voting in America Ms. Suzie Nestico Grade 12 – Principles of Democracy
  2. 2. <ul><li>A. National Convention </li></ul><ul><li>B. Direct Primary Elections </li></ul><ul><li>C. Nominating Petition </li></ul><ul><li>D. Caucus </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>A. National Convention </li></ul><ul><li> (Presidential Elections Only) </li></ul><ul><li> 1. Held every four years </li></ul><ul><li>2. Nominates presidential candidate </li></ul><ul><li>3. Nominates VP candidate </li></ul><ul><li>4. Develops the party’s platform </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>B. Direct Primary Elections </li></ul><ul><li> (most other elections) </li></ul><ul><li>1. Open Primary - voters may vote for any </li></ul><ul><li>party’s candidate </li></ul><ul><li>2. Closed Primary - voters may only vote </li></ul><ul><li>for candidates within their registered </li></ul><ul><li>party. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Caucus </li></ul><ul><li> --Iowa Caucuses </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>C. Nominating Petition </li></ul><ul><li>1. Used primarily at the local level </li></ul><ul><li>** Robert Belfanti - PA State Representative was recently replaced. Who were some of the candidates circulating petitions for this office? </li></ul><ul><li>2. Candidate circulates petitions </li></ul><ul><li>obtaining voter signatures to be put </li></ul><ul><li>on the election ballot </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>D. Caucus </li></ul><ul><li>1. Old caucuses vs. today’s caucus </li></ul><ul><li>2. Andrew Jackson - elections of 1824 and </li></ul><ul><li>1828 </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>A. Keynote Speech - Day 1 </li></ul><ul><li>B. Committee Reports - Day 2 </li></ul><ul><li>C. Nominee is Chosen - Day 3 </li></ul><ul><li>D. Balance the Ticket - Day 3 </li></ul><ul><li>E. VP nominee Chosen - Day 4 </li></ul><ul><li>F. Acceptance Speeches - Day 4 </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>A. Keynote Speech - Day One </li></ul><ul><li> **person chosen provides a speech intended to </li></ul><ul><li>rally and increase the ‘hype’ of the convention </li></ul><ul><li>-Who gave Democratic and Republican Speeches in </li></ul><ul><li>2008 Campaign? </li></ul><ul><li>B. Committee Reports - Day Two </li></ul><ul><li> 1. Credentials Committee - examines qualified </li></ul><ul><li>delegates from each state </li></ul><ul><li> 2. Platform Committee - presents the direction of the </li></ul><ul><li>party’s overall platform in the upcoming election . </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>C. Nominee is chosen - Day Three </li></ul><ul><li>1. State delegates vote on the nominees </li></ul><ul><li>presented by the states for the party’s </li></ul><ul><li>presidential nominee for general election </li></ul><ul><li>-”State delegates” is comparable to what voting body in </li></ul><ul><li>the general election in the fall? </li></ul><ul><li>D. Balance the Ticket - Day Three </li></ul><ul><li> 1. Nominations are taken for VP candidate </li></ul><ul><li>2. Usually chose someone slightly different with </li></ul><ul><li>alternate characteristics and beliefs to appeal to a </li></ul><ul><li>greater number of voters. </li></ul><ul><li>-What were the implications of this in Decision ‘08? </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>E. VP Nominee is Officially Chosen - Day Four </li></ul><ul><li>1. Delegates vote on Vice Presidential </li></ul><ul><li>Nominee for their party. </li></ul><ul><li>F. Acceptance Speeches & Close - Day Four </li></ul><ul><li>1. All Nominees deliver acceptance </li></ul><ul><li>speeches </li></ul><ul><li>2. Close of party business and plans to </li></ul><ul><li>move on with heart of campaign </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>“ I made the canvass on my own horse; my entertainment, being at the houses of my friends, cost me nothing; and my only outlay was $.75 for a barrel of cider, which some farm-hands insisted I treat them to.” </li></ul><ul><li>~Abe Lincoln describing his 1846 run for Congress </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Usual Positions in a Campaign </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Campaign Manager </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Treasurer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Press Secretary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Media Consultant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speech Writers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Policy Advisors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fundraisers </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><ul><li>Information Gathering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Finding the Voters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Canvassing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mass Media Coverage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Endorsement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presidential Debates (televised) </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>1976 – approx. $456 Million spent on Federal Campaigning </li></ul><ul><li>1988 – 1992 – over $3 Billion spent </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Sources: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual candidates themselves (Kennedy, Bush, Kerry, Clinton) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other Individual Contributions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Limited by a series of Federal Regulatory Acts in the ‘70’s </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Limits individual contributions to $1,000 </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Sources (con’t.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PAC’s – Political Action Committees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Organizations created by interest groups to channel money to political candidates </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PAC contributions limited to $5,000 H0WEVER there is no limit to how much money a PAC can spend on supporting a candidate’s campaign </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Ending Discriminatory Laws </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poll taxes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Literacy tests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grandfather clause </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>26 th Amendment – extends voting rights to 18 yr olds </li></ul><ul><li>Australian ballot – “secret ballot” </li></ul><ul><li>Poll watchers </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Who votes? </li></ul><ul><li>Socioeconomic Status – refers to a combination of an individual’s social characteristics, such as age and education, and economic status, such as occupation and income </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>I. Voting </li></ul><ul><li>A. Types of Participation </li></ul><ul><li>B. Turnout Trends </li></ul><ul><li>C. Who Votes? </li></ul><ul><li>II. Elections </li></ul><ul><li>A. The Election Process </li></ul><ul><li>B. Money and Elections </li></ul><ul><li>C. Variations in Federal Elections </li></ul><ul><li>D. How Voters Decide </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Voting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Historical Expansion of the Franchise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Voting for Multiple Offices at </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different Levels </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Voting beyond Elections for Office </li></ul><ul><ul><li>– Referenda </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>– Initiatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>– Recall </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Conventional: Petitions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Letters to representatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Campaign Activity (Canvassing; Money) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regular Protest </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Unconventional: Disruptive Protest March (Seattle, Genoa) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Occupying/Blocking Access to </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buildings (Abortion Clinics) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vandalism (Greenpeace) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political Violence (Oklahoma City, 9-11) </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Why is turnout so low? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>– Difficulty in Registration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>– Number and Frequency of Elections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>– Weak Political Parties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>– Voter Apathy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Voting is Related to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>– Age </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>– Income </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>– Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>– Race </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>YES: Legitimacy of System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Potential Policy Bias </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Functional Disenfranchisement </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NO: Opportunity for All </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most Informed/Interested are </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Participating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-voting and Contentment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Participation and Discontent </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Voting on the Basis of Party Loyalty </li></ul><ul><li>Voting on the Basis of Policy Issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>– Prospective? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>– Retrospective? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>– General or Specific? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Voting on the Basis of Candidate Image </li></ul>

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