Unit 6 pt1
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Unit 6 pt1

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Voting and the American election process

Voting and the American election process

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    Unit 6 pt1 Unit 6 pt1 Presentation Transcript

    • Campaigning and Voting in America Ms. Suzie Nestico Grade 12 – Principles of Democracy
      • A. National Convention
      • B. Direct Primary Elections
      • C. Nominating Petition
      • D. Caucus
      • A. National Convention
      • (Presidential Elections Only)
      • 1. Held every four years
      • 2. Nominates presidential candidate
      • 3. Nominates VP candidate
      • 4. Develops the party’s platform
      • B. Direct Primary Elections
      • (most other elections)
      • 1. Open Primary - voters may vote for any
      • party’s candidate
      • 2. Closed Primary - voters may only vote
      • for candidates within their registered
      • party.
      • 3. Caucus
      • --Iowa Caucuses
      • C. Nominating Petition
      • 1. Used primarily at the local level
      • ** Robert Belfanti - PA State Representative was recently replaced. Who were some of the candidates circulating petitions for this office?
      • 2. Candidate circulates petitions
      • obtaining voter signatures to be put
      • on the election ballot
      • D. Caucus
      • 1. Old caucuses vs. today’s caucus
      • 2. Andrew Jackson - elections of 1824 and
      • 1828
      • A. Keynote Speech - Day 1
      • B. Committee Reports - Day 2
      • C. Nominee is Chosen - Day 3
      • D. Balance the Ticket - Day 3
      • E. VP nominee Chosen - Day 4
      • F. Acceptance Speeches - Day 4
      • A. Keynote Speech - Day One
      • **person chosen provides a speech intended to
      • rally and increase the ‘hype’ of the convention
      • -Who gave Democratic and Republican Speeches in
      • 2008 Campaign?
      • B. Committee Reports - Day Two
      • 1. Credentials Committee - examines qualified
      • delegates from each state
      • 2. Platform Committee - presents the direction of the
      • party’s overall platform in the upcoming election .
      • C. Nominee is chosen - Day Three
      • 1. State delegates vote on the nominees
      • presented by the states for the party’s
      • presidential nominee for general election
      • -”State delegates” is comparable to what voting body in
      • the general election in the fall?
      • D. Balance the Ticket - Day Three
      • 1. Nominations are taken for VP candidate
      • 2. Usually chose someone slightly different with
      • alternate characteristics and beliefs to appeal to a
      • greater number of voters.
      • -What were the implications of this in Decision ‘08?
      • E. VP Nominee is Officially Chosen - Day Four
      • 1. Delegates vote on Vice Presidential
      • Nominee for their party.
      • F. Acceptance Speeches & Close - Day Four
      • 1. All Nominees deliver acceptance
      • speeches
      • 2. Close of party business and plans to
      • move on with heart of campaign
      • “ I made the canvass on my own horse; my entertainment, being at the houses of my friends, cost me nothing; and my only outlay was $.75 for a barrel of cider, which some farm-hands insisted I treat them to.”
      • ~Abe Lincoln describing his 1846 run for Congress
      • Usual Positions in a Campaign
        • Campaign Manager
        • Treasurer
        • Press Secretary
        • Media Consultant
        • Speech Writers
        • Policy Advisors
        • Fundraisers
        • Information Gathering
        • Finding the Voters
        • Canvassing
        • Mass Media Coverage
        • Endorsement
        • Presidential Debates (televised)
      • 1976 – approx. $456 Million spent on Federal Campaigning
      • 1988 – 1992 – over $3 Billion spent
      • Sources:
        • Individual candidates themselves (Kennedy, Bush, Kerry, Clinton)
        • Other Individual Contributions
          • Limited by a series of Federal Regulatory Acts in the ‘70’s
          • Limits individual contributions to $1,000
      • Sources (con’t.)
        • PAC’s – Political Action Committees
          • Organizations created by interest groups to channel money to political candidates
          • PAC contributions limited to $5,000 H0WEVER there is no limit to how much money a PAC can spend on supporting a candidate’s campaign
      • Ending Discriminatory Laws
        • Poll taxes
        • Literacy tests
        • Grandfather clause
      • 26 th Amendment – extends voting rights to 18 yr olds
      • Australian ballot – “secret ballot”
      • Poll watchers
      • Who votes?
      • Socioeconomic Status – refers to a combination of an individual’s social characteristics, such as age and education, and economic status, such as occupation and income
      • I. Voting
      • A. Types of Participation
      • B. Turnout Trends
      • C. Who Votes?
      • II. Elections
      • A. The Election Process
      • B. Money and Elections
      • C. Variations in Federal Elections
      • D. How Voters Decide
      • Voting
        • Historical Expansion of the Franchise
        • Voting for Multiple Offices at
        • Different Levels
      • Voting beyond Elections for Office
        • – Referenda
        • – Initiatives
        • – Recall
      • Conventional: Petitions
        • Letters to representatives
        • Campaign Activity (Canvassing; Money)
        • Regular Protest
      • Unconventional: Disruptive Protest March (Seattle, Genoa)
        • Occupying/Blocking Access to
        • Buildings (Abortion Clinics)
        • Vandalism (Greenpeace)
        • Political Violence (Oklahoma City, 9-11)
      • Why is turnout so low?
        • – Difficulty in Registration
        • – Number and Frequency of Elections
        • – Weak Political Parties
        • – Voter Apathy
      • Voting is Related to:
        • – Age
        • – Income
        • – Education
        • – Race
      • YES: Legitimacy of System
        • Potential Policy Bias
        • Functional Disenfranchisement
      • NO: Opportunity for All
        • Most Informed/Interested are
        • Participating
        • Non-voting and Contentment
        • Participation and Discontent
      • Voting on the Basis of Party Loyalty
      • Voting on the Basis of Policy Issues
        • – Prospective?
        • – Retrospective?
        • – General or Specific?
      • Voting on the Basis of Candidate Image