Unit 6 pt1
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Unit 6 pt1

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Voting and the American election process

Voting and the American election process

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Unit 6 pt1 Unit 6 pt1 Presentation Transcript

  • Campaigning and Voting in America Ms. Suzie Nestico Grade 12 – Principles of Democracy
    • A. National Convention
    • B. Direct Primary Elections
    • C. Nominating Petition
    • D. Caucus
    • A. National Convention
    • (Presidential Elections Only)
    • 1. Held every four years
    • 2. Nominates presidential candidate
    • 3. Nominates VP candidate
    • 4. Develops the party’s platform
    • B. Direct Primary Elections
    • (most other elections)
    • 1. Open Primary - voters may vote for any
    • party’s candidate
    • 2. Closed Primary - voters may only vote
    • for candidates within their registered
    • party.
    • 3. Caucus
    • --Iowa Caucuses
    • C. Nominating Petition
    • 1. Used primarily at the local level
    • ** Robert Belfanti - PA State Representative was recently replaced. Who were some of the candidates circulating petitions for this office?
    • 2. Candidate circulates petitions
    • obtaining voter signatures to be put
    • on the election ballot
    • D. Caucus
    • 1. Old caucuses vs. today’s caucus
    • 2. Andrew Jackson - elections of 1824 and
    • 1828
    • A. Keynote Speech - Day 1
    • B. Committee Reports - Day 2
    • C. Nominee is Chosen - Day 3
    • D. Balance the Ticket - Day 3
    • E. VP nominee Chosen - Day 4
    • F. Acceptance Speeches - Day 4
    • A. Keynote Speech - Day One
    • **person chosen provides a speech intended to
    • rally and increase the ‘hype’ of the convention
    • -Who gave Democratic and Republican Speeches in
    • 2008 Campaign?
    • B. Committee Reports - Day Two
    • 1. Credentials Committee - examines qualified
    • delegates from each state
    • 2. Platform Committee - presents the direction of the
    • party’s overall platform in the upcoming election .
    • C. Nominee is chosen - Day Three
    • 1. State delegates vote on the nominees
    • presented by the states for the party’s
    • presidential nominee for general election
    • -”State delegates” is comparable to what voting body in
    • the general election in the fall?
    • D. Balance the Ticket - Day Three
    • 1. Nominations are taken for VP candidate
    • 2. Usually chose someone slightly different with
    • alternate characteristics and beliefs to appeal to a
    • greater number of voters.
    • -What were the implications of this in Decision ‘08?
    • E. VP Nominee is Officially Chosen - Day Four
    • 1. Delegates vote on Vice Presidential
    • Nominee for their party.
    • F. Acceptance Speeches & Close - Day Four
    • 1. All Nominees deliver acceptance
    • speeches
    • 2. Close of party business and plans to
    • move on with heart of campaign
    • “ I made the canvass on my own horse; my entertainment, being at the houses of my friends, cost me nothing; and my only outlay was $.75 for a barrel of cider, which some farm-hands insisted I treat them to.”
    • ~Abe Lincoln describing his 1846 run for Congress
    • Usual Positions in a Campaign
      • Campaign Manager
      • Treasurer
      • Press Secretary
      • Media Consultant
      • Speech Writers
      • Policy Advisors
      • Fundraisers
      • Information Gathering
      • Finding the Voters
      • Canvassing
      • Mass Media Coverage
      • Endorsement
      • Presidential Debates (televised)
    • 1976 – approx. $456 Million spent on Federal Campaigning
    • 1988 – 1992 – over $3 Billion spent
    • Sources:
      • Individual candidates themselves (Kennedy, Bush, Kerry, Clinton)
      • Other Individual Contributions
        • Limited by a series of Federal Regulatory Acts in the ‘70’s
        • Limits individual contributions to $1,000
    • Sources (con’t.)
      • PAC’s – Political Action Committees
        • Organizations created by interest groups to channel money to political candidates
        • PAC contributions limited to $5,000 H0WEVER there is no limit to how much money a PAC can spend on supporting a candidate’s campaign
    • Ending Discriminatory Laws
      • Poll taxes
      • Literacy tests
      • Grandfather clause
    • 26 th Amendment – extends voting rights to 18 yr olds
    • Australian ballot – “secret ballot”
    • Poll watchers
    • Who votes?
    • Socioeconomic Status – refers to a combination of an individual’s social characteristics, such as age and education, and economic status, such as occupation and income
    • I. Voting
    • A. Types of Participation
    • B. Turnout Trends
    • C. Who Votes?
    • II. Elections
    • A. The Election Process
    • B. Money and Elections
    • C. Variations in Federal Elections
    • D. How Voters Decide
    • Voting
      • Historical Expansion of the Franchise
      • Voting for Multiple Offices at
      • Different Levels
    • Voting beyond Elections for Office
      • – Referenda
      • – Initiatives
      • – Recall
    • Conventional: Petitions
      • Letters to representatives
      • Campaign Activity (Canvassing; Money)
      • Regular Protest
    • Unconventional: Disruptive Protest March (Seattle, Genoa)
      • Occupying/Blocking Access to
      • Buildings (Abortion Clinics)
      • Vandalism (Greenpeace)
      • Political Violence (Oklahoma City, 9-11)
    • Why is turnout so low?
      • – Difficulty in Registration
      • – Number and Frequency of Elections
      • – Weak Political Parties
      • – Voter Apathy
    • Voting is Related to:
      • – Age
      • – Income
      • – Education
      • – Race
    • YES: Legitimacy of System
      • Potential Policy Bias
      • Functional Disenfranchisement
    • NO: Opportunity for All
      • Most Informed/Interested are
      • Participating
      • Non-voting and Contentment
      • Participation and Discontent
    • Voting on the Basis of Party Loyalty
    • Voting on the Basis of Policy Issues
      • – Prospective?
      • – Retrospective?
      • – General or Specific?
    • Voting on the Basis of Candidate Image