Hag.Prez Elec Ec


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Hag.Prez Elec Ec

  1. 1. The Making of the President<br />a.k.a, <br />The Steps to Electing the President<br />
  2. 2. There are many steps involved in electing the President…<br />All campaigns have the basics, but Presidential elections, since they are for such an important office, have a few extras…<br />
  3. 3. The basic steps are…<br />Self-nomination<br />Campaign to win party nomination<br />- “Win Primaries and Caucuses”<br />National Nominating Convention<br />Campaign to win General Election<br />General Election<br />Electoral College meets and votes<br />Inauguration<br />
  4. 4. Self-Nomination<br />Candidates for the presidency usually nominate themselves<br />This occurs up to 2 years before the General Election<br />If the candidate finds they have the potential, they will make an announcement that they are seeking the office<br />
  5. 5. Self-Nomination<br />They may form an “exploratorycommittee” to find out if they have what it takes to be president<br />This committee really exists to find out the answer to 2 questions:<br /> Do people like the candidate?<br />Will they contribute $$ to the campaign?<br />
  6. 6. Some examples of those who threw their “hat in the ring” in 2008…<br />John Edwards, Barack Obama, Hillary Clinton for the Democrats…<br />Mitt Romney, John McCain, and Rudy Guiliani for the Republicans…<br />
  7. 7. Step 2: Campaign to Win Your Party’s Nomination for Prez<br /><ul><li>Occurs winter and spring before the General Election</li></ul>Both fields of Democratic and Republican candidates campaign across the country.<br />They are trying to win votes in each state.<br />Each state has a part in choosing the candidates from each party<br />
  8. 8. Step 2: Campaign to Win Your Party’s Nomination for Prez<br />Each state uses 1 of 2 methods to select its citizens’ preferred candidate from each party<br />Primaries – voters in a state choose candidate they like the best<br />Open – anyone in state can vote<br />Closed - only party members can vote to choose from their party’s candidates (**most states use this primary method)<br />Caucuses – <br />a set of meetings, at the local, county and then state levels, where party delegates choose a candidate<br />
  9. 9. Democratic Party Primaries/Caucuses for the 2008 election<br />January 14th, 2008 - Iowacaucus<br />January 15th – Michigan (most candidates boycotted; won by Clinton)<br />January 19th - Nevada caucus<br />January 22nd - New Hampshire primary (1st in nation)<br />January 29th – South Carolina <br />Florida (most candidates boycotted; won by Clinton)<br />February 5 (SUPER TUESDAY) <br />Alabama, Alaska caucus, Arizona, California, Colorado caucus, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Idaho caucus, Illinois, Kansas caucus, Minnesota caucus, Missouri , New Jersey, New Mexico caucus, New York, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Utah<br />**April 22nd - Pennsylvania <br />June 3 – South Dakota, Montana<br />
  10. 10. Republican Primaries/ Caucuses for the 2008 election<br />January 3rd, 2008 – Iowa caucus <br />January 5th – Wyoming (half of delegates to NNC; others “unbound”)<br />January 15th – Michigan<br />January 19th – South Carolina, Nevada<br />January 22nd - New Hampshire primary (used to be first)<br />January 29th - Florida<br />February 5 (SUPER TUESDAY)-<br />Alabama, Alaska , Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado , Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Kansas , Minnesota, Missouri, Montana , New Jersey, New York, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Utah, West Virginia<br />**April 22nd – Pennsylvania<br />June 3rd – South Dakota (last) <br />
  11. 11. Super Tuesday<br />Name for the day in a presidential campaign when many states hold their primaries.<br />In the 2008 campaign, Super Tuesday fell on February 5th (usually in February)<br />Manystates had both their 2008 Democratic and Republican primaries on that day….<br />Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Delaware, Missouri, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Utah, West Virginia<br />Candidates can take a huge lead, become a front-runner, or find out they may not have “the right stuff”<br />
  12. 12. The goal of all of these primaries and caucuses is for the field of candidates to be narrowed down…<br />Each state can send a certain number of delegates to the Republican and Democratic National Nominating Conventions<br />(…to choose their party’s candidate officially)<br />If a candidate wins a state’s Primary or Caucus, supporters of the candidate become that state’s delegates to the NNC.<br />
  13. 13. Step 3: The National Nominating Convention<br />Held in the mid/late summer of the election year (August/September 2008)<br />Delegates from the states decide 2 issues<br />Candidateto run in the General Election<br />Party Platform (party’s stance on the issues)<br />
  14. 14. The National Nominating Conventions<br />Democratic National Convention – <br />August 25 to August 28, 2008 in Denver <br />Republican National Convention – <br />September 1 to September 4, 2008 in Saint Paul, Minnesota.<br />Which candidate do you think gains an advantage due to this order?<br />
  15. 15. Step 4: The Presidential Campaign Trail<br />September thru November of the election year<br />Many different methods are used to sway voters for one candidate or the other…<br />Political Ads<br />Televised debates<br />Travel/campaigning/ “stumping”<br />As you can imagine, these campaigns can get pricey…<br />
  16. 16. The Co$tsof Running<br />The 2008 campaign was one of the most expensive in history<br />Both Barack Obama and John McCain have spent hundreds of millions of dollars to run for the highest office in the land…<br />Obama = $450m<br />McCain = $370m<br />
  17. 17. Step 5: The General Election<br />Takes place on the same day every year<br />1st Tuesday after the 1st Monday in Nov.<br />Next presidential general election?<br />Voters turn out to cast their ballots for President/VP and for many other offices as well<br />But…when voting for President, they are NOT actually casting their ballots for the candidates.<br /><ul><li>Here is where the Electoral College comes in…</li></li></ul><li>Step 5: The General Election (Electoral College)<br />When voters in each state cast their votes for Prez/VP, they are actually voting for a political party’s slate of electors<br />This is a group of “electors” (people who will cast a ballot) from a political party in each state<br />THESE PEOPLE actually get to cast the “REAL” votes for President and VP<br />These votes are known as Electoral Votes, since they actually elect the president.<br />
  18. 18. Each state has a certain number of Electoral Votes<br /># of EV’s = # of Sens + # of Reps<br />
  19. 19. The Electoral College – How does it work?<br />The winner of each state’s popular vote (the vote of the people) has all of their electors chosen to cast their votes for President and VP.<br />This is called the “winner-take-all” method (**ME, NE)<br />
  20. 20. For example:<br />In 2008, the popular vote in PA turned out this way:<br />John Barack<br />McCain Obama<br />2,655,855 (44%)3,276,363 (56%) <br /><ul><li>Who won PA’s electoral votes?
  21. 21. Whose electors would be chosen?</li></li></ul><li>The Electoral College<br />The number of electoral votes each state has can change…<br />As each census changes the # of Reps., it also impacts the # of electoral votes<br />But…the total number of electoral votes is always…<br />538<br />Why this #?<br />
  22. 22. Changes after the 2000 Census<br />
  23. 23. Step 6: Electoral College meets and votes<br />Where do the electors gather to cast their votes?<br />How many does the candidate need to win?<br />What if there is a tie? <br />
  24. 24. The Electoral College<br />Must all electors vote for the popular vote winner in their state?<br />Give a reason why they would be very likely to vote for the popular vote winner in their state…<br />**Most electors do vote for the popular vote winner…but a few have not…<br />
  25. 25. Step 7: The Inauguration<br />Occurs on January 20th of the year following the election<br />Sworn in by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court<br />
  26. 26. The oath of office…<br />&quot;I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States.&quot; <br />