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Opendata challeges&opportunites

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My slide presented to a delegation of the Palestinian National Authority during the capacity building seminar on e-government by the OECD in Trento. …

My slide presented to a delegation of the Palestinian National Authority during the capacity building seminar on e-government by the OECD in Trento.
The slides show examples of the use of Open Data.

more info here
http://www.oecd.org/document/4/0,3746,en_2649_34417_49983620_1_1_1_1,00.html

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  • 1. DESIGNING AND IMPLEMENTING E-GOVERNMENTPOLICIES: THE CASE OF THE PALESTINIAN AUTHORITY Open Data Challenges and Opportunities Maurizio Napolitano <napo@fbk.eu>
  • 2. Agenda Definitions Why How Challenges Open Data at Works Technical issue
  • 3. Definitions
  • 4. Definitions (DATA) single pieces of information of every nature● descriptions of facts● reproducible without ambiguities● parts of larger information or knowledge structures● can be expressed and stored in digital formats Data → Information → Knowledge → Wisdom http://digitalcuration.blogspot.com/2009/05/what-are-data.html
  • 5. Definitions (OPEN)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open
  • 6. Open Knowledge Foundation“A piece of content or data isopen if anyone is free to use,reuse, and redistribute it —subject only, at most,to the requirement to attributeand share-alike.”http://www.opendefinition.org/okd/
  • 7. Why?
  • 8. … it is an old story :)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Snow_%28physician%29
  • 9. The power of dataImage by EpicGraphic
  • 10. Transparency and Open Government My Administration is committed to creating an unprecedented level of openness in Government. We will work together to ensure the public trust and establish a system of transparency, public participation, and collaboration. Openness will strengthen our democracy and promote efficiency and effectiveness in Government.Transparency and Open Government Memorandum for the Heads ofExecutive Departments and Agencies (2009)
  • 11. P.A. and Data DISSEMINATECOLLECT MANAGE UPDATE SHARE SERVICE PAID BY TAXES vs distribution at marginal cost average cost recovery transparency optimization costs loss of income high transaction costs
  • 12. Now … Open […] Data http://www.trentinoopendata.eu Open Government Data Open Linked Data http://opengovernmentdata.org/film/ Open Community Datahttp://www.ted.com/talks/lang/eng/tim_berners_lee_the_year_open_data_went_worldwide.html
  • 13. Italy ... The central goverment ● http://dati.gov.it Some regions ● Piemonte ● Emilia Romagna ● Veneto ● Lombardia ● Provincia Autonoma di Trento Some cities ● Firenze ● Torino ● …
  • 14. … Trentino The 40% of the geodata managed by the Provincia Autonoma of Trento are Open Data17/02/2012 This is a first step http://goo.gl/yNPgD
  • 15. HOW
  • 16. a formula for making this possible 1.Leadership also / primarily political 2.Crisis ex. budget cuts 3.Heroes 1. (from government / administration) people that believe is possible, but also ready to lose 4.(Pressure from citizens)http://www.linkedin.com/in/laurencemillar
  • 17. The correct way http://opendatamanual.org/
  • 18. Spheras of the e- GovermentTechnology Legal aspect Communication
  • 19. The knowledge hierarchy Image by EpicGraphic
  • 20. A possible communication strategy
  • 21. wish list fo the next year Open Government Data as a Right More Schemas (Knowledge APIs) – keep it focused, let’s not try to boil the ocean Open Data as a Platform, Not a Commodity Massive Interconnection Between Open Data Sites Open Corporate Data (for and by Corporates) Standards (e.g. for catalog metadata) for Data Portals and Data Hubs Open Data for Growth – making clear the the connection Strong international norms for data inventories Organizational identifiers – Dunn & Bradstreet should be replaced with open data MiData – getting personal data out of corporates and government back into the hands of the people whose data it is http://blog.okfn.org/2011/10/23/open-data-wishlist-for-the-next-year/ 21
  • 22. Open Data at works
  • 23. The open data ecosystem
  • 24. Outside italy with italian data (1/2)http://bikes.oobrien.com/?city=milan
  • 25. Outside Italy with italians data (2/2)http://cra.openspending.org/dataset/italyregionalaccounts
  • 26. Made in Italy
  • 27. Voglio il ruoloteachers waiting for a jobhttp://www.voglioilruolo.it
  • 28. OpenPolis – politicians accountability http://www.openparlamento.it
  • 29. Dipartimento per lo sviluppo e la coesione econimca Data visualization Indicatorshttp://appsdps.mef.gov.it/apps/DPS%20eXplorer%203.7/index.html
  • 30. OpenBilancio (1/3) http://alpha.openbilanci.linkedopendata.it
  • 31. OpenBilancio (2/3)
  • 32. OpenBilancio (3/3)
  • 33. Futouring Lazio tourism portal http://www.futouring.comgeodata in collaboration with openstreetmap community - other data in CC-BY-SA
  • 34. Open Community Data OpenStreetMap as Best Practice ~
  • 35. Map Compare (1/2)
  • 36. Map Compare (2/2)
  • 37. Some outputs (tools) Bus Stop inforgraphicshttp:/www.maposmatic.org Košice (SK)Other example herehttp://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/List_of_OSM_based_Services
  • 38. Some outputs (companies) Softcities.net
  • 39. Social services http://wheelmap.org
  • 40. Project – crisis managementHumanitarian OpenStreetMap Team
  • 41. Italian overviewGood community Mapping Party Mappare MilanoSupport from some italian publicadministrationSupport from GFOSS.it and otherinitiatives (ex schools)
  • 42. Map Compare - Trentohttp://tools.geofabrik.de/mc/?mt0=mapnik&mt1=googlemap&lon=11.11372&lat=46.07098&zoom=18
  • 43. Technical aspects
  • 44. Open data featuresComplete Primary Timely Accessible Machine-readableNon-proprietary License-free ReviewableDiscoverable Permanent AccessRedistribution Reuse DescriptionMetadata Attribution IntegrityAbsence of Technological Restriction 44
  • 45. Open Linked Data★ make your stuff available on the Web(whatever format) under an open license★★ make it available as structured data Tim Berners Lee(e.g., Excel instead of image scan of a table)★★★ use non-proprietary formats(e.g., CSV instead of Excel)★★★★ use URIs to identify things, so that people can point at your stuff★★★★★ link your data to other data to provide context http://lab.linkeddata.deri.ie/2010/star-scheme-by-example/ 45
  • 46. Linked Data Ingredients Things have names (a person, a city, a company) Let this names start with http:// Represent data (relations among things) as RDF 46http://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/LinkedData.html
  • 47. Example 47
  • 48. Example 48
  • 49. Example 49
  • 50. Example 50
  • 51. Example●Access/browse a global interconnected DB●Merge, mix data●Perform powerful cross-domain queries 51
  • 52. The Linking Open Data cloud diagram 52http://richard.cyganiak.de/2007/10/lod/
  • 53. The Data Hubhttp://www.thedatahub.org 53
  • 54. Conclusions Implement a communication strategy ● Ex http://data.wien.gv.at Improve the relation with the communities ● Ex. OpenStreetMap as laboratory – http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Palestine – Trust the serendipity ‫شكرا‬ 54