Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
African music
African music
African music
African music
African music
African music
African music
African music
African music
African music
African music
African music
African music
African music
African music
African music
African music
African music
African music
African music
African music
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

African music

1,118

Published on

Published in: Entertainment & Humor
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,118
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
5
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
80
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Take A MusicalTake A Musical Safari To AfricaSafari To Africa http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6LWUAQsB4AY
  • 2. Characteristics of AfricaCharacteristics of Africa 2nd largest continent with a population of approximately 700 million people Geography – deserts (Sahara), rain forest jungles, mountains, rivers & lakes, & the Great Rift Valley Mostly tropical climate Animals – elephants, gorillas, chimpanzees, monkeys, crocodiles, rhinoceroses, giraffes, and lions Over 800 languages and cultures
  • 3. African MusicAfrican Music Call & Response – generation to generation Alternates between a soloist and a group Call (leader) changes and the response (group) remains the same
  • 4. Purpose of MusicPurpose of Music Recreation - singing, dancing, drumming, and concerts Rituals & Ceremonies – celebrating Occupational - work songs, preparing food
  • 5. Social - child care, story telling, social games, and parties Language - drumming and signaling are used to send messages
  • 6. Gives birth to many forms of music Jazz & Rock African Musical style and practice Taught and learned orally Sing & play together easily (teamwork) - rhythmic singing & clapping children’s games Most common form - call & response
  • 7. Texture is complementary - many rhythms occurring at the same time Syncopation – off-beat phrasing Music is part of most activities - music and movement are linked to each other Buzzy tone quality
  • 8. History of Slavery & MusicHistory of Slavery & Music  African music existed in simple and complex forms thousands of yearsAfrican music existed in simple and complex forms thousands of years before white settlers came to the country.before white settlers came to the country.  Each song had a purpose and was associated with tradition, events, etc.Each song had a purpose and was associated with tradition, events, etc.  African musical beats and styles have vastly influenced music in the U.S.African musical beats and styles have vastly influenced music in the U.S.  By 1620s, African people had been sold to white men in Jamestown.By 1620s, African people had been sold to white men in Jamestown.  By 1980s, entire economy of what would become the United StatesBy 1980s, entire economy of what would become the United States depended entirely upon slave work. Over 600,000 of these people weredepended entirely upon slave work. Over 600,000 of these people were native Africans who had arrived to the “New World” via ship.native Africans who had arrived to the “New World” via ship.  Slave music was outlawed after it was discovered that the slaves couldSlave music was outlawed after it was discovered that the slaves could communicate through their music; fear of uprising.communicate through their music; fear of uprising.  English was later adapted to many of the slave songs, creating theEnglish was later adapted to many of the slave songs, creating the foundation for what we call “spirituals,” which were mostly aboutfoundation for what we call “spirituals,” which were mostly about freedom.freedom.  End of 1800s: work songs & spirituals begin to evolve into other forms ofEnd of 1800s: work songs & spirituals begin to evolve into other forms of music, eventually resulting in ragtime, soul, rhythm & blues, rock and roll,music, eventually resulting in ragtime, soul, rhythm & blues, rock and roll, scat, jazz, reggae, and rap.scat, jazz, reggae, and rap.  New perspectives on tempo, syncopation, and improvisation =New perspectives on tempo, syncopation, and improvisation = characteristic “American music” sound known worldwide today.characteristic “American music” sound known worldwide today.     
  • 9. History of SpiritualsHistory of Spirituals  Spirituals & Work Songs: (a.k.a. “chain gang” songs)Spirituals & Work Songs: (a.k.a. “chain gang” songs) Expression and emotional support.Expression and emotional support.  The Underground Railroad: Helped slaves escape to “free”The Underground Railroad: Helped slaves escape to “free” country; songs of this period include “Wade in the Water,”country; songs of this period include “Wade in the Water,” “Gospel Train,” “Swing Low, Sweet Chariot.”“Gospel Train,” “Swing Low, Sweet Chariot.”  Slavery was abolished in 1865; worship in churches with rootsSlavery was abolished in 1865; worship in churches with roots in African traditions.in African traditions.  1925-1985: Spirituals considered traditional songs –1925-1985: Spirituals considered traditional songs – performed at church, on stage, movies, theater, etc. 1930s –performed at church, on stage, movies, theater, etc. 1930s – nightclubs; 1950s-60s – Civil Rights (“This Little Light ofnightclubs; 1950s-60s – Civil Rights (“This Little Light of Mine”)Mine”)  First Dr. Martin Luther King Day celebrated in 1985, becameFirst Dr. Martin Luther King Day celebrated in 1985, became a national holiday in 1992. Since first celebration of holiday,a national holiday in 1992. Since first celebration of holiday, African American spirituals have been considered pieces ofAfrican American spirituals have been considered pieces of American heritage.American heritage.
  • 10. African InstrumentsAfrican Instruments Classified into these categories - Idiophones (main parts vibrate) - Membranophones (membrane vibrates) - Chordophones (Strings vibrate) - Aerophones (Blow into instrument)
  • 11. AerophonesAerophones Musical instruments which produce their sound by using air as the principal vibrating factor: air may be unconfined by the instrument or enclosed within a tube Flute, Horn Trumpet, Pan Pipes, Side Blow Ho
  • 12. IdiophonesIdiophones Musical instruments which produce sound from their own substance: can be struck, plucked, blown, or vibrated by friction Rattles, Bells, Sistram, Thumb Piano, Xyloph
  • 13. MembranophonesMembranophones Musical instruments which produce sound from tightly stretched membranes, either struck or 'singing' Drums and Tamborine
  • 14. ChordophonesChordophones Musical instruments which produce sound by means of strings stretched from one point to another Berimbau, Harps, Lute, Ly
  • 15. African DrumsAfrican Drums Widely Used in African Music -Communication & Celebration Language of the drum takes years of practice Master Drummer holds the most honored position in African societies
  • 16. Bata DrumBata Drum Nigeria Two headed drum played with both hands or struck with a flexible piece of leather Part of the religious life of some of the Yoruba people Characteristics
  • 17. Syncopation Type of rhythm in which stressed sounds occur between beats instead of on beats. Example:
  • 18. Messages in Sound Master Drummer - Children begin studying to become master drummers at a very early age. Has the highest position in African societies African Proverb - Wise sayings passed down from generation to generation. Important in many parts of Africa Griot - Talking regional newspaper. Wandering musician/storyteller responsible for passing along news about what has happened in the community.
  • 19. Harmony Two or more pitches sounding at the same time
  • 20. African Art & CultureAfrican Art & Culture Museum of African Art
  • 21. Resources http://echarry.web.wesleyan.edu/africother.html http://www.canteach.ca/elementary/africasong.html http://home.earthlink.net/~debrajet/list.html http://polyglot.lss.wisc.edu/afrst/outreach/k-12.html http://www.thepothole.com/soukous/ http://www.teachers.net/lessons/posts//509.html http://wus.africaonline.com/AfricaOnline/music/ http://wus.africaonline.com/AfricaOnline/music/Safrica.html

×