MUSIC OF THE RENAISSANCE PERIOD

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GRADE 9 MUSIC

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MUSIC OF THE RENAISSANCE PERIOD

  1. 1. REVIVAL OF INTERESTS IN MUSIC
  2. 2.  1400-1600 “REBIRTH” A period of exploration, learning and achievement. A time where authority and influence of the church became less powerful. SECULAR MUSIC began to rise RENAISSANCE
  3. 3.  Birth of Columbus and Magellan. Discovery of Copernicus that it was the EARTH that revolved around the sun and not the other way around. Height of Shakespear drama. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
  4. 4.  Martin Luther founded the Protestant Church Discovery of music printing. Ottaviano Petrucci of Venice published the first HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
  5. 5.  Renaissance Period is sometimes referred to as the “GOLDEN AGE OF POLYPHONY”
  6. 6.  What happened during this period?
  7. 7.  Vocal music was more important than instrumental music
  8. 8.  What describe Renaissance music?
  9. 9.  Polyphonic in texture 1:
  10. 10.  More fuller, emotional, and 2:
  11. 11.  What highlights the development of renaissance music?
  12. 12. Development of polyphonic imitation or the echoing of music by another voice part or instrument. (Simultaneous Composition) First:
  13. 13.  Development of WORD PAINTING Second:
  14. 14.  Word Painting is the style of writing where the music and words illustrated the meaning of the text.
  15. 15.  Invention of Music Printing Third:
  16. 16.  Rise of secular music Fourth:
  17. 17. SACRED and SECULAR
  18. 18.  - is a polyphonic choral works in Latin text - Can be used in any service of the church - Usually in A CAPELLA - Smooth sounding and imitative in nature 1. MOTET
  19. 19.
  20. 20.  - Is a Renaissance form of sacred composition - Imitation (echoed entrances) is an important feature. Sections: Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Benedictus, Agnes Dei 2. MASS
  21. 21. Types: GOTHIC MOTET – based on Gregorian chant. - contains secular words RENAISSANCE MOTET – serious, restrained and designed for the worship service - Conveys a spirit of reverence 2. MASS
  22. 22.  - Is a secular polyphonic work for a small group of unaccompanied singers. - Most artistic genre of secular vocal music and are sung in Italian or English. 3. MADRIGAL
  23. 23.  MADRIGAL
  24. 24.  FIRE, FIRE, MY HEART
  25. 25.  INSTRUM ENTAL MUSIC
  26. 26.
  27. 27.
  28. 28.
  29. 29.
  30. 30.  The Renaissance Ensemble
  31. 31.  A group of musical instruments playing together. CONSORT
  32. 32.  BROKEN CONSORT It is made up of various instruments from different families, thus producing a broken sound. TWO TYPES OF CONSORT
  33. 33.  It consists of instruments from one family. WHOLE CONSORT
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  38. 38.  The RENAISSANCE COMPOSERS
  39. 39.  “MASTER of the NOTES” One of the most influential composers of Renaissance JOSQUIN DES PREZ (1450-1521)
  40. 40.  Known as a Franco-Flemish composer Being admired by many musicians of his mastery of expression and technique. JOSQUIN DES PREZ
  41. 41.  He started his career as a singer in different courts in Italy, France and even spent some time singing in the Papal choir of Rome. JOSQUIN DES PREZ
  42. 42.  Ave Maria (Virgo Serena)
  43. 43.  “PRINCE OF MUSIC” Savior of Church Music GIOVANNI PIERLUIGI DA PALESTRINA (1525-1594)
  44. 44.  His music is universally recognized as model for clarity and balance Composer of “perfect” sacred music GIOVANNI PIERLUIGI DA PALESTRINA
  45. 45.  He spent most of his life as a choir master on Rome whose focus and great contribution was to return church music to its simplicity and purity to satisfy the desires of church leaders during the 16th century. GIOVANNI PIERLUIGI DA PALESTRINA
  46. 46.  104 masses 250+ motets 200 liturgical pieces and madrigals
  47. 47.  Sicut Cervus
  48. 48.  “Master of Motet” His music is vigorous, passionate and earthy. His music was the most widely disseminated. ORLANDO DE LASSUS (1523-1594)
  49. 49.  Musical Works: “Magnus Opum Musicum” “Penitential Psalms of David” (1584) – his best known work “Lagrime di San Pietro” (1594) – his last work “Susame un jour” – his well known spiritual chanson
  50. 50.  Susanne Un Jour
  51. 51. “Father of Music” “The English Palestrina” Greatest English composer of the Elizabeth Age He introduced the Italian madrigal to England. WILLIAM BYRD (1543-1623)
  52. 52.  Musical Works: Psalms, Sonnets, and Songs of Sadness and Pietie (1588) Songs of Sundrie Nature (1589) Cantiones Sacrae Grandualia
  53. 53.  Sing Joyfully (Cambridge Singers)
  54. 54.  Clarity and balance Polyphonic Imitative A capella as the ideal meduim in singing Secular music greatly increases in importance Music printing (1501) contributes greatly to the dissemination of music literature GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF RENAISSANCE MUSIC

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