Music of africa

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Music of africa

  1. 1. AFRICA<br />
  2. 2.
  3. 3. - 2nd largest continent in the world<br />- world’s largest desert :SAHARA<br />- world’s longest river: NILE<br />- Largest ethnic race : the BANTUS<br />- known as the “DARK CONTINENT”<br />
  4. 4. has Arab influence due to migration<br />
  5. 5. RHYTHM is the heart and soul of African Tribal music<br />
  6. 6. POLYRHYTHM<br />Simultaneous combination of contrasting rhythms in a musical composition<br />
  7. 7.
  8. 8. FOR Africans, music is not an art. It is an important part of their lives.<br />
  9. 9. Music is used to accompany their activities may it be for work, ceremonies, or leisure; ceremonies such as birth, growing up, marriage, or death; songs are for harvest, drinking or hunting.<br />
  10. 10. <ul><li>may also be a signal for others (e.g. during a war)</li></ul>- SHAMANS use it to communicate with spirits<br />
  11. 11. *Responsorial song - there is one lead singer or group that declaims a refrain to be answered by the rest.<br />*Their singing is often accompanied by an Ostinato.<br /> ** Ostinato - a repeated rhythmic pattern played by percussion instruments.<br />
  12. 12. Singers whimper, hum, grunt, shout and imitate animal voices.<br />GRIOTS – are referred to some of their singers who are musicians, historians and/or chroniclers of their society. Tradition of passing from generation to generation.<br />
  13. 13. INFLUENCES IN MUSIC:<br />Oral Tradition<br />Arabic Culture<br />Western Influence<br />
  14. 14. MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS IN AFRICA<br />- are used for masquerades performances, ceremonies and entertainment<br />- used to talk to other people over long distances<br />- most of their instruments belong to the percussion family.<br />- made of materials around them (wood, animal and human bones, etc)<br />
  15. 15. DRUMS are the kings among their instruments that come in different sizes, shapes, and forms<br />
  16. 16. * TALKING DRUMS most famous amongst the Northern Nigeria. They use it to send messages in their language Yoruba.<br />there are low pitch (male) drums and high pitched ones (female)<br /> modelled after the human torso <br />
  17. 17. * NGOMA (Kettle Drums) - pot shaped and usually played in the ground. It is vibrated by the hand or by revolving a stick that pierces the membrane.<br />
  18. 18. * MBIRA/SANSA (Thumb Piano) - consists of a number of small strips or tongues of bamboo or metal fastened above a wooden sounding board.<br />
  19. 19. OTHER PERCUSSION INSTRUMENTS:<br />* Rattles and Jingles - played by striking, shaking, scrape, rubbed, plucked or stamped against the ground.<br />
  20. 20. STRING INSTRUMENTS:<br />BOW -plucked or stroked with a stick but one traditional way of playing them is to grip one end with the teeth so that the player’s mouth will act as the resonator.<br />
  21. 21. OBUKANO - an African lyre; lute-like instrument<br />
  22. 22. KORA - 21 stringed instrument which produces a sound between a harp and that of a guitar <br />

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